Management of Soil Contaminants in Guinea - Bissau
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 6, Issue 1, February 2018, Pages: 26-39
Received: Apr. 16, 2018; Accepted: May 2, 2018; Published: May 22, 2018
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Authors
Namir Domingos Raimundo Lopes, Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Suzhou University of Science and Technology, Suzhou, China
Yuanyuan Cheng, Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Suzhou University of Science and Technology, Suzhou, China
Wei-lin Shi, Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Suzhou University of Science and Technology, Suzhou, China
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Abstract
Population growth has motivated the gradual increase of agricultural, commercial and mini-industrial activities in Guinea-Bissau. Such activities have been contributing for the generation of certain type’s chemical products such as pesticides, fertilizers, plastic bags, hydrocarbons and others, and they are gradually contributing for the increase of harmful chemical wastes and consequently contaminating the environment and the human health since 1960s. Up to now, the country still lacks proper management of soil contaminants, fact that motivate the choice of this research topic in order to help addressing the environmental problems in Guinea-Bissau. This research aims to review the current status of soil contamination in Guinea Bissau, including the technical and regulatory management framework through a series of literature reviews, interviews, site visits and e-mail conversation, to identify the main sources and causes of soil contamination, to determine the effects on the environment and human health, the control and prevention measures including the national and international regulations. Nevertheless, the research found that, all chemicals used in this country are imported and their applications on bare soil are ones of the main causes for soil contamination due to the anthropogenic interest in Guinea-Bissau. Such in the short term can turn into a risk because of its multiplications in soil and inappropriate means of prevention and control of chemical wastes. And it will be visible in a long term due to an eventual transformation of agricultural land into severe infertility, loss of healthy environment and human fragility.
Keywords
Population Growth, Pesticides, Fertilizers, Plastic Bags, Environment and Health Impact, Control Measures
To cite this article
Namir Domingos Raimundo Lopes, Yuanyuan Cheng, Wei-lin Shi, Management of Soil Contaminants in Guinea - Bissau, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2018, pp. 26-39. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20180601.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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