The Contribution of Zobe Dam to the Socio-Economic Development of Makera Community Dutsinma Local Government Area, Katsina State North-Western Nigeria
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 7, Issue 3, June 2019, Pages: 75-82
Received: May 21, 2018;
Accepted: Jun. 12, 2018;
Published: Sep. 20, 2019
Views 38 Downloads 14
Badamasi Jamda Saidu, Department of Geography, Federal University Kashere, Kashere, Nigeria
Godwill Geofrey Jidauna, Department of Geography and Regional Planning, Federal University Dutsinma, Katsina, Nigeria
Jamila Kira Sanusi, Department of Geography and Regional Planning, Federal University Dutsinma, Katsina, Nigeria
Daniel Davou Dabi, Department of Geography and Planning, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
This study examines the contribution of Zobe dam to the socio-economic development of Makera Community Dutsinma LGA, Katsina State north-western Nigeria. The study identified types of socio-economic activities supported by the dam and their impact. Total of 392 questionnaires was administered to adults target population using stratified random sampling technique. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data. Findings revealed main economic activities supported by the dam are farming (60.46%), fishing (30.10%), domestic water supply (5.52%) and livestock watering (3.057). The positive contributions of the dam include an increase in the availability of social amenities and resident’s standard of living. Specific impacts were increased income, increased crop yield, increased farm sizes, commercial fishing and increased access to water supply sources. The survey also revealed the dam is a major pull-factor with 79.59% respondent’s decision to settle in the area influenced by the dam. The negative impacts were; occasional floods that erode crops, farmlands, the introduction of new pest and spread of water associated diseases (schistosomiasis, malaria, and typhoid in decreasing magnitude). ANOVA test showed no significant difference in literacy level, occupation and water use among residents. Analysis of water quality to determine the impact of activities was recommended.
Badamasi Jamda Saidu,
Godwill Geofrey Jidauna,
Jamila Kira Sanusi,
Daniel Davou Dabi,
The Contribution of Zobe Dam to the Socio-Economic Development of Makera Community Dutsinma Local Government Area, Katsina State North-Western Nigeria, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis.
Vol. 7, No. 3,
2019, pp. 75-82.
Adebola, A. O., Garba, I. K., Ahmed S. A., Muhammed, M. & Kudu, D. (2014). The socioeconomic characteristics of communities at the downstream sector of Jebba dam, Nigeria. Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies & Management, 7 (1), 1-12.
Cox, W. E. (ed.)(2010). The role of water in socio-economic development. Report of the International Hydrological Programme-11 Project. UNESCO: France.
Nyong, A. O. & Kanaroglou, P. S. (1999). The influence of water resources and their location on rural population distribution in North Eastern Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Science 3 (1), 46-54.
Guvele, C. A. (2011). Gains from crop diversification in the Sudan Gezira scheme. Agricultural System, 70 (1), 319-333. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-521X(01)00030-0
Butu, A. W., & Mshelia, S. S. (2014). Municipal solid waste disposal and environmental issues in Kano Metropolis, Nigeria. British Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2 (2), 10-26. From: www.ea.journals.org
Yuksel, I. (2013). Dams and hydropower for sustainable development. Energy Sources Part B- Economics Planning and Policy, 4 (1), 100-110. Doi: 10.1080/15567240701425808.
Uyigue, E. (2013). Dams are unrenewable. Community Research and Development Centre (CREDC) Nigeria: Benin City. 1-19. From: http://credcentre.org/Publications/Dams_are_unrenewable.pdf
WCD (2002). Dam and Development. A New Framework for Decision Making. London: Earthscan publication.
Wasimi, S. A. (2010). Planning for a large dam project: The case of Traveston Crossing dam. Water Resources Management, 24 (12), 2991 – 3015. Doi: 10.1007/s11269-010-9591-2.
Wajid, A., Usman, A., Khan, M. K., & Ali, A. C. (2013). Socio-economic impact of small dams on local vicinity: A case study of aza Khel Dam Peshawar. Global Journal of Management and Business Research Economics and Commerce, 13 (5), 32-39. From: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/
Kaluba, K., & Mukupe, H. (2000). Socio-economic benefits of the Kariba dam. In Tumbare, M. J. (Ed.). Management of River Basins and Dams. The Zambezi River Basin. A. A. Balkema: Rotterdam/Bookfirlds. 318pp. From: http://www.tandf.co.uk/libsite/productInfo/journals/
Chavez, H., Nadolnyak, D., & Saravia, M. (2013). Socioeconomic and Environmental Impact of Development Interventions: Rice Production at the Gallito Ciego Reservoir in Peru. International Food and Agribusiness Management Association, 16 (1), 1-16. From: www.pejeza.gob.pe
Khan, M. T., Islam, M., Chattha, T. H., & Hayat, R. (2011). Impacts of mini dams on the socioeconomic development of farmers of the rainfed region. Journal of Agriculture and Social Sciences, 7 (4), 124-130. From: http://www.fspublishers.org
Ernest, Nicholas & Ephraim (2014). Development of small dams and their impact on livelihoods: Cases from northern Ghana. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 9 (24). 1867-1877. DOI: 10.5897/AJAR2014.8610.
Peter, B. O., Kwadwo, O., Edmond, A. A., Albert, A., & Àngel, N. M. (2016). The impacts of dams on local livelihoods: A study of the Bui Hydroelectric project in Ghana. International Journal of Water Resources Development, 32 (2), 286-300. DOI: 10.1080/07900627.2015.1022892.
Yusuf, Y, O., & Akashe, A. A. (2014). The Doma dam and its socio-economic implication in Doma Local Government Area of Nasarawa State. Best: International Journal of Humanities, Arts, Medicine and Sciences (BEST: IJAMS), 2 (4), 87-98. From: http://www.bestjournals.in/submit-paper.php
Mudzengi, B. K. (2012). An assessment of the socio-economic impacts of the construction of Siya Dam in the Mazungunye area: Bikita district of Zimbabwe. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, 14 (4), 1-27. From: http://www.jsd-africa.com/Jsda/Vol14No4-Summer2012B/PDF/ An Assessment of the Socio-Economic Impacts. Boycen Kumira Mudzengi.pdf
Kirchherr, J., & Charles, K. J. (2016). The social impacts of dams: A new framework for scholarly analysis. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 60. 99-114. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eiar.2016.02.005
Issam, A. W. M. (2012). The Impact of Water Borne Diseases on Rural Development in Sudan: Study of Malaria in Gezira Irrigated Agricultural Scheme. 9-54. From: http://ssm.com/abstract/=2003373
Uyigue, E. (2005). Dams and Livelihood. The problems of parasitic diseases in communities hosting Dams in Nigeria. Society for Water and Public Health. From: email@example.com.
Bird, E. (2012). The Socioeconomic impact of hydroelectric dams on developing communities: A case study of the Chalillo Dam and the communities of the Macal River Valley, Cayo District, Belize, Central America. Environmental Studies Electronic Thesis Collection, 14. from: http://scholarworks.uvm.edu.envstheses
Fanan, U., James, I., & Olarewaju, O. (2012). Socio-Economic Considerations at the Usman Reservoir Abuja, Nigeria. Frontiers in Science, 2 (6), 169-174. DOI: 10.5923/j.fs.20120206. 06.
Usman, A., & Ifabiyi, I. P. (2012). Socio-economic analysis of the operational impacts of Shiroro Hydropower Generation in the Lowland Areas of Middle River Niger. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 2 (4), 57-76. From: www.hrmars.com/journals
Mabogunje, A. (1973). Kainji. A Nigeria man-made Lake Socio-Economic Conditions. Nigerian Institute of social and economic research (NISER). Nigeria: Ibadan press Ltd.
Shuaibu, K. (1995). The Socio-Economic Impact of Kainji Dam: A Case Study of River Niger at Lokoja, Kogi L. G. A, Kogi State. Unpublished B. Sc Project, Department of Geography. Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.
Toro, S. M. (1997). Post construction effects of the Cameroonian Lagdo Dam on the River Benue. Water and Environment Journal, 11 (1), 109-113. DOI: 10.1111/j.1747-6593. 1997. tb00100.x.
Vivan, E. L., Umuze, A., Ali, Y., Antipas, G. R., & Danjuma, A. K. (2015). Impact of Lamingo dam on the socio-economic activities of the people in Jos area of Plateau State, Nigeria. Case Study Journal, 3 (12), 32-43. From: http://www.casestudiesjournal.com
NPC (2006). Final results of 2006 population census of Nigeria. From: http://population.gov.ng/core-activities/surveys/dataset/2006-phc-priority-tables/
Olaniyan, I. O., Agunwamba, J. C., & Ademiluyi, O. J. (2010). Assessment of Aquifer Characteristics in Relation to Rural water supply in parts of northern Nigeria. Research, 2 (3). 22-27. From: http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher
Jidauna G. G., Ndabula, C., Saidu, B. J., Oyatayo, T. K., Dahiru, M. K., Dabi, D. D., & Oche, C. Y. (2016). Adaptation and mitigation to water stress in Safana local government headquarters of Katsina State, Nigeria. International Journal of Natural Resource Ecology and Management, 1 (3), 99-106. Doi: 10. 11648/j.ijnrem. 20160103. 15.
Anderson, A. J. B. (2000). Interpreting data: A first course in Statistics. London: Chapman & Hall. From: http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/540888071