Conservation Constraints and Strategies of the Arba Minch Forest Nech Sar National Park: Arba Minch, Ethiopia
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 8, Issue 4, August 2020, Pages: 96-110
Received: May 19, 2020; Accepted: May 28, 2020; Published: Aug. 27, 2020
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Selemon Thomas Fakana, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Gambella University, Gambella, Ethiopia
Debebe Dana Feleha, College of Agriculture, Wolaitta Soddo University, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia
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Human beings are utterly dependent on nature particularly on the forest ecosystem services. Our health, economy, prosperity, and development are all connected to the forest ecosystem services. Forest ecosystems afford variety of the ecosystem services that human beings depend up on them. Ecosystem services are base for the survival of mankind and play significant role in economic development, prosperity, health, etc. Arba Minch Forest ecosystem is a crucial asset that maintains the continuity and survival of the Arba Minch town and its environs. Despite its tangible and worthy ecosystem services, it has been exposed to the conservation constraints due to the anthropogenic activities. However, limited studies have been conducted on its conservation constraints and strategies. Hence, this study focuses on identifying conservation constraints and finding out conservation strategies. Accordingly, the study was carried out using four sample categories (Arba Minch town residents households (n=151), key informants (n=21), accommodations delivers (n=9) and peoples entering into the forest (n=21)) besides to field observation. Altogether (n=199) peoples involved in this study. Collected raw data were chosen, refined, categorized edited, coded and entered to SPSS version 20 software. Descriptive statistics were computed for relevant variables and information obtained from the key informants was described in meaningful content. Findings of this study revealed that in spite of its undeniable ecosystem services, conservation constraints are ongoing like deforestation, dependence of households and accommodation delivers, lack of alternative livelihood generation, and so on. Hence, to overcome the stated constraints; putting into practice variety of the identified conservation strategies like enhancing public awareness, stakeholders’ participation, providing alternative livelihood generation, ensuring alternative energy sources, etc. are core activities to save the forest and sustain its ecosystem services.
Arba Minch Forest, Conservation Constraints, Conservation Strategies
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Selemon Thomas Fakana, Debebe Dana Feleha, Conservation Constraints and Strategies of the Arba Minch Forest Nech Sar National Park: Arba Minch, Ethiopia, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 8, No. 4, 2020, pp. 96-110. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20200804.13
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