Statistical Analysis of Road Traffic Car Accident in Dire Dawa Administrative City, Eastern Ethiopia
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2015, Pages: 250-256
Received: Sep. 13, 2015;
Accepted: Sep. 29, 2015;
Published: Dec. 3, 2015
Views 8536 Downloads 450
Belachew Melese Hunde, Department of Statistics, College of Natural and Computational Science, Samara University, Samara, Ethiopia
Zeleke Dutamo Aged, Department of Nursing, College of Health and Medical Science, Samara University, Samara, Ethiopia
Follow on us
Road traffic accidents (RTAs) have turned out to be a huge global public health and development problem. Dire Dawa City one of the federal states in North East Ethiopia has a high rate of accidents and deaths in relation to number of vehicles on the road. Realizing the need to establish baseline information on RTAs, the present study was conducted in Dire Dawa city under the jurisdiction of Dire Dawa Police Station, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia. Complete Road traffic car accident data of the year 2009 - 2013 from police records of Dire Dawa city Police station were studied. Data can be analyzed by using SPSS version 20.0 and MINITAB version 13.1 software. Data interpretation was done using descriptive statistics, two t-test comparison, chi-square test of independence, analysis of variance (one-way and two-way), and design of factorial experiment. The finding of this paper showed that the main cause of car accident is drivers. About 80% of car accident is resulted from the driver fault. Among the accident that resulted from the driver fault, not given priority for pedestrian contain the first position. Other factor like poor road condition, poor car condition, the absence of knowledge in traffic system, lack of ambulance and poor medical treatment are other cause and condition that increase the severity of the incident. Generally, the occurrence of car accident problem depends on defect on human factor, vehicle characteristics, road characteristics and environmental condition. The age of driver had also a significant impact on the occurrence of traffic accidents. Accidents were also highly depending on environmental factor like weather condition, type of road surface, condition of the road and joint road shape.
Analysis of Variance, Dire Dawa Administrative City, Road Traffic Accidents
To cite this article
Belachew Melese Hunde,
Zeleke Dutamo Aged,
Statistical Analysis of Road Traffic Car Accident in Dire Dawa Administrative City, Eastern Ethiopia, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis.
Vol. 3, No. 6,
2015, pp. 250-256.
WHO: Global status report on road safety time for action Switzerland; 2009.
Peden M, Scurfield R, Sleet D: World report on road traffic injury prevention; 2004.
Naci H, Chisholm D, Baker T: Distribution of road traffic deaths by road user group: a global comparison. Inj Prev 2009, 15:55-59.
Lagarde E: Road traffic injury is an escalating burden in Africa and deserves proportionate research efforts. PLos Medicine 2007, 4:0967 0971.
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia: Police Commission Report 2007.
Yilma B, Million T, Luce T: Motor vehicle accident and fatality surveillance Addis Ababa from 2000-2009 Addis Ababa; 2010.
United Nations. Case study: Road safety in Ethiopia, 2009 [Cited 23 August 2013]; Available at:URL:http://repository.uneca.org/bitstream/handle/10 855/5250/bib.%205641
Hassen A, Godesso A, Abebe L, Girma E: Risky driving behaviors for road traffic accident among drivers in Mekele City, Northern Ethiopia. BMC Research Notes 2011; 4(535):1-6.
Atubi AO: Determinants of road traffic accident occurrences in Lagos State: Some lessons for Nigeria. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science 2012; 2(6):252-259.
Goswami A, Sonowal R: A statistical analysis of road traffic accidents in Dibrugarh City, Assam, India. Division of Epidemiology and Nutrition, Regional Medical Research Centre, 2009.
Fesseha Hailu Mekonnen, Sileshi Teshager: Road traffic accident: The neglected health problem in Amhara National Regional State, Ethiopia. Ethiop. J. Health Dev. 2014; 28(1).