Effects of Emissions from Kaduna Refining and Petrochemical Company (KRPC) on Soil Fertility in Rido Area of Kaduna Metropolis, Nigeria
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 2, Issue 2, April 2014, Pages: 117-122
Received: Apr. 16, 2014;
Accepted: Apr. 22, 2014;
Published: Apr. 30, 2014
Views 3305 Downloads 212
Vivan Ezra Lekwot, Department of Geography and Planning, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
Yakubu Mohammed Tukur, Department of Basic Science and General Studies, Federal College of Forestry, Jos , Plateau State, Nigeria
Michael Kingsley Balasom, Department of Urban and Regional Planning Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola, Nigeria
Ya’u Hussaini, Department of Basic Science and General Studies, Federal College of Forestry, Jos , Plateau State, Nigeria
Ishaya Musa, Department of Pest management Technology, Federal College of Forestry, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria
Shehu Bako Makarau, Deparment of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Faculty of Agriculture, Kaduna State University, Nigeria
Follow on us
The environment is considered as man’s important asset that must be protected for his life support. Regrettably, the situation is different where oil refinery and petrochemical plants operate. Environmental pollution in the form of emissions and effluent discharge in these areas poses serious threat to the ecosystem particularly soil, often with undesirable effects. This paper, therefore, takes a look at the refinery operations in Kaduna Refinery and Petrochemical Company (KRPC). The study collected soil samples using soil Auger at 500 metres interval along four (4) transects in two years (i.e 2012 - 2013) and both in the wet and dry season of each year. Soil samples collected were taken to the laboratory for analysis and emphasis placed on those soil properties directly affecting soil fertility status which are: water holding capacity, soil acidity, macro nutrients (Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium), micro nutrients (Calcium, Magnesium and Sulphur), the results from the laboratory analysis on those properties affecting soil fertility were compared with National standard (maximum permissible limits) on those properties and discovers soil contaminations with liquid gaseous and solid waste disposal from the refinery. Policy recommendations are set forth based on research findings with a view to minimizing the effects of emissions from the Refining plants and Petrochemical complex on the environmental components particularly soil in the study area.
Environment, Emission, Soil Properties, Fertility, Refinery Operations
To cite this article
Vivan Ezra Lekwot,
Yakubu Mohammed Tukur,
Michael Kingsley Balasom,
Shehu Bako Makarau,
Effects of Emissions from Kaduna Refining and Petrochemical Company (KRPC) on Soil Fertility in Rido Area of Kaduna Metropolis, Nigeria, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis.
Vol. 2, No. 2,
2014, pp. 117-122.
Adeniyi, E. O.; Olusule, R and Angaye, G. (1983). Environmental and Socio - Economic Impact of Oil Spillage in the Petroleum Riverine Areas of Nigeria. In: Proceedings of the 1983 International Seminar on the Petroleum Industry and the Nigerian Environment of the Impact of Minor Oil Spillage in the estuarine Niger Delta, (NNPC). Port Harcourt pp233-248.
Dewis, J. & Frietas, F. (1990). Physical and chemical methods of soil and water analysis. In: Soils Bulletin.Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations, Rome, 212-234pp.
FAO (2000) The Challenges of Sustainable Forestry Development in Africa: Twenty-First FAO Regional Conference for Africa, Yaoundé, Cameroon, 21-25 February 2000, FAO, Rome.
Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, FAO (2003). Compendium of Agricultural – Environmental Indicators 1989-91 to 2000. Rome: FAO.
Habib, M. A. B., Yusoff, S. M., Phang, S. M., Kamarudin, M. S. & Mohmed, S. (1998). Chemical Characteristics and Essential Nutrients of Agro-industrial Effluents in Malaysia. Asian Fisheries, 11, 279-286.
Mortimore, M. (2000) Caring for the Soil, Agricultural Expansion, Population Growth, and Natural Resource Degradation in the Sahel. In: Falola JA, Ahmed K, Liman, MA, Maiwada A (eds) Proceedings of the National Workshop on Land Administration and Development in Northern Nigeria, pp 135-149. Department of Geography, BUK, Kano.
Muhammad, A. A. (2006), Environmental Impact Assessment of Kaduna Refinery on the Rido Region of Kaduna Metropolis. An Unpublished Ph.D Thesis submitted to the Department of Geography, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria.
Niemeijer, D, Mazzucato, V. (2002) Soil Degradation in the West African Sahel: How Serious is it? Environment 44(2):20-31.
Obire, O. & Nwanbet, O. (2002). Effects of refined Petroleum Hydrocarbon on Soil Physicochemical and Bacteriological Characteristics. Journal of Applied Science and Environmental Management, 6(1), 39-44.
Okerentugba, P.O. and Ezeronye, O. U. (2003). Petroleum Degrading Potential of Single and Mixed Microbial Cultures Isolated From Rivers and Refinery Effluents in Nigeria. African Journal Biotechnology, 2(9), 288-292.
Okpokwasili, G.C.and Amanchukwu, S.C. (1988). Petroleum hydrocarbon degradation by Candida species. Environmental International, 14, 243-247.
Scoones, I, and Toulmin, (1998) Soil Nutrient Budget and Balances: What Use for Policy. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 71(1-2-3):255-268.
Vivan, E. L, Blamah, N.V and Ezemokwe, I.U(2012). Socio-Economic Impact of Kaduna Refining and Petrochemical Company (KRPC) on Rido area Kaduna metropolis. Journal of Environmental Management and Safety. 3 (5): 124-139.