Unsustainable Management of Forests in Ghana from 1900-2010
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 4, Issue 6, December 2016, Pages: 160-166
Received: Jun. 4, 2016; Accepted: Nov. 24, 2016; Published: Jan. 3, 2017
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Author
Ikpe Emmanuel Quacou, Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Suzhou University of Science and Technology, Suzhou, China
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Abstract
Forests play important roles in maintaining and balancing the natural ecosystem. The high rates of deforestation in recent years however have become concerned for all governments all over the world. The high rates have resulted in a number of climatic changes such as global warming with its effects on the global environment giving rise to sea levels and the resultant adverse effects. The role of forest cover in hydrological and carbon cycles in the atmosphere is enough evidence of its importance and the need to protect its cover. Between 1900 and 1999, more than 6.5 million hectors of forest was degraded in Ghana according to a report published at the website of mongabay.com. Further, between 1990 and 2010, the country lost an average of 125,400 hectors of forest or 1.68% per year. In total, between this period alone, Ghana lost 33.7% of its forest cover which is equivalent to 2,508,000 hectors of forest, (FAO, 2011). This data reveals that the rate of detestation in Ghana is quite high. Deforestation is one of the main environmental challenges in Ghana and efforts are being undertaken to protect the endangered forest cover from absolute depletion and also to establish secondary forests.
Keywords
Deforestation, Natural Resource, Sustainable Use of Resources, "Gallamsey"-Illegal Surface Mining
To cite this article
Ikpe Emmanuel Quacou, Unsustainable Management of Forests in Ghana from 1900-2010, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2016, pp. 160-166. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20160406.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
FAO (2006 & 2010) annual report.
[2]
Reginald Guuroh, (2010), Forest degradation and deforestation in Ghana.
[3]
Ghana Forest Plantation Strategy 2012-2040 (2013).
[4]
Peter Dok Tindan (2013), The causes of and impact from deforestation on local level sustainable forest management in Ghana. A survey of Dwease and Praaso communities in the Ashanti Region.
[5]
Forest and Wildlife Policy, 1994.
[6]
Ghana Forest and Wildlife Policy, 2012.
[7]
National Climate Change Policy, 2012 (CDM, REDD+).
[8]
Forest Plantation Development Fund (FPDF) Act, 2000, Act 583.
[9]
Forest Plantation Development Fund (Amendment) Act, 2002, Act 623 (items (iii), (iv) and (v) support public and private investment in forest plantation development.
[10]
The Timber Resources Management (Amendment) Act, 2002, Act 617.
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