Factors Influencing Solid Waste Generation and Composition in Urban Areas of Tanzania: The Case of Dar-es-Salaam
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2014, Pages: 172-178
Received: Jul. 6, 2014;
Accepted: Jul. 12, 2014;
Published: Jul. 30, 2014
Views 4267 Downloads 1432
Jonas Petro Senzige, School of Computational and Communication Science and Engineering - The Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science and Technology (NM-AIST), Arusha Tanzania
Yaw Nkansah-Gyeke, School of Computational and Communication Science and Engineering - The Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science and Technology (NM-AIST), Arusha Tanzania
Daniel Oluwole Makinde, Faculty of Military Science, Stellenbosch University, Private Bag X2, Saldanha 7395, South Africa
Karoli Nicolas Njau, School of Materials, Energy, Water and Environmental Science, The Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science and Technology (NM-AIST), Arusha Tanzania
Solid waste characterisation study was carried in Dar-es-Salaam to quantify the waste generation rates and composition. By studying solid waste generation trends for three socioeconomic statuses, it was found that the solid pa capita generation rate decreases with decreasing socioeconomic status. Solid waste compositions also exhibited variations due to socioeconomic status. It was also found that solid waste generation and population and GDP growth are positively correlated. Furthermore, a comparison of the results with data from previous studies and data from other urban centres in East Africa indicated that solid waste composition in Dar-es-Salaam has been changing over time. This article presents the findings and elucidates factors influencing solid waste generation and composition.
Jonas Petro Senzige,
Daniel Oluwole Makinde,
Karoli Nicolas Njau,
Factors Influencing Solid Waste Generation and Composition in Urban Areas of Tanzania: The Case of Dar-es-Salaam, American Journal of Environmental Protection.
Vol. 3, No. 4,
2014, pp. 172-178.
Worrel WA and Vesilind PA (2012) Solid Waste Engineering, second ed. Cengage Learning, Stanford, CT.
Melosi MV (1981) Garbage in the Cities: Refuse, Reform, and Environment, 1880-1980, first ed. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Tex.
Henry RK, Yongsheng Z and Jun D (2006) Municipal solid waste management challenges in developing countries – Kenyan case study. Waste Management 26(1), 92-100.
Nemerow NL (2009) Environmental Engineering: Environmental Health and Safety for Municipal Infrastructure, Land use, Planning, and Industry, sixth ed. Wiley Hoboken, NJ.
Wilson D C (2007) Development drivers for solid waste management. Waste Management and Research 25(3), 155-164.
Gawaikar V and Deshpande VP (2006) Source Specific Quantification and Characterisation of Municipal Solid Waste –a Review. Indian Journal of Environment Vol. 86
Abu Qdais HA., Hamoda MF and Newman J (1997) Analysis of residential solid waste at generation sites. Waste Management and Research 15 395-406
Al-Khatib I A, Maria M, Zahra A S F A, Shaheen H Q and Kassinos D (2010) Solid Waste characterisation, quantification and management practices: A case study: Nablus district – Palestine. Journal of Environmental Management 91 1131-1138
Bernache-Perez G, Senchez-Colon S, Garmendia A, Davilla-Villarreal A and Sanchez-Salazar M E (200) Solid waste characterisation study in the Guadalajara Metropolitan zone, Mexico. Waste Management and Research 19; 413-424
Buenrostro O (2001) Municipal solid waste. Perspectives from multidisciplinary research. Morelia Mexico: University of Michoacan Publications.
Escarimosa L, Franco G, Castaneda G and Quintal C A (2001) Household waste management in the City of Tuxtla Gutierrez Chiapas. Plaza y Valdez Editores Mexico.
Forouhar A and Hristovski KD (2012) Characterisation of the municipal waste stream in Kabul, Afghanistan, Habitat International; 36:406-413
Gomez G, Meneses M, Ballinas L and Castells F (2008) Characterisation of urban solid waste in Chihuahua, Mexico. Waste Management 28 2465-2471
Gomez G, Meneses M, Ballinas L and Castells F (2009) Seasonal characterisation of municipal solid waste in the city of Chihuahua, Mexico. Waste Management 29 2018-2024
Hristovski K, Olson L, Hild N, Petersn D and Burge S (2007) The municipal solid waste system and solid waste characterisation at the municipal of Veles, Macedonia. Waste Management; 27: 1680-1689.
Ojeda-Benitez S, Armijo-de Vega C and Marquez-Monenegro M Y (2008) Household Characterisation by family socioeconomic profile as unit of analysis. Resources, Conservation and Recycling; 52:992-999
Ojeda Benitez S, Armijo-de Vega C and Ramirez-Barreto M E (2003) Characterisation and quantification of household waste in a Mexican city. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 39 211-222
Parizeau K, Maclaren V and Chanthy L (2006) Waste characterization as an element of waste management planning: lessons learned from a study in Siem Reap, Cambodia. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 49, no. 2, 110-128
Kaare S (2002) The Role of Privatisation in Providin g the Urban Poor Access to Social Services: The Case of Solid Waste Collection in Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania In Research on Poverty Alleviation (2002), Dar-es-Salaam Tanzania. Mkuki na Nyota Publishers Ltd
Kaseva ME and Mbuligwe SE (2005). Appraisal of solid waste collection following private sector involvement in Dar es Salaam city, Tanzania. Habitat International 29 353-366
Yhdego M (1995). Urban solid waste management in Tanzania: issues, concepts and challenges. Resource, Conservation and Recycling, 14 (1), 1-10.
JICA (1996). The study on solid waste management for Dar es Salaam city. Unpublished report
Acurio G, Rossin A, Teixeira P F and Zepeda F. (1997) Situation of the municipal solid waste management in Latin America and the Caribbean. BID No. ENV.97-107. Pan American Organisation, Washington, DC, USA
Achankeng E (2003) Globalisation, Urbanisation and Municipality Solid Waste management in Africa. Proceedings of the African studies Association of Australasia and the Pacific, 2003, Africa on a Global Stage
African Development Bank (2002) Study on the Waste Management Options for Africa. Unpublished Report
Guerrero LA, Maas G and Hogland W (2013) Solid waste management challenges for cities in developing countries. Waste Management 33,220-232
Joseph K (2002) Perspectives of Solid Waste Management in India. Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Technology and Management of the Treatment & Reuse of the Municipal Solid Waste, Shanghai, China
Marshall RE, Farahbaksh K (2013) Systems approaches to integrated solid waste management in developing countries. Waste Management 33 (2013), 988-1003.
Tacoli C (2012) Urbanisation, Gender and Urban Poverty: Paid Work and Unpaid Carework in the City. International Institute for Environment and Development: United Nations Population Fund, London, UK.
Yousif DF and Scott S (2007) Governing solid waste in Mazatengo, Guetemala. International Development Planning eview 29 (4), 433-450.
Okot-Okumu J and Nyenje R (2011) Municipal solid waste management under decentralisation in Uganda. Habital International 35, 537-543.
Kyessi A and Mwakalinga V (2009) GIS Application in Coordinating Solid Waste Collection: The Case of Sinza Neighbourhood in Kinondoni Municipality, Dar-es-Salaam City, Tanzania. FIG Working Week 2009: Surveyors Key Role in Accelerated Development. Eilat, Israel, 3-8 May 2009
Oosterveer P and Van Vliet B (2010) Environmental systems and local actors: decentralising environmental management in Uganda. Environmental Management 45, 284-295.
World Bank 2012. Municipal Solid Waste Management in Dar-es-Salaam. Unpublished Report
Tchobanoglous G and Kreith F (2002) Handbook of Solid Waste Management, second edition, McGraw Hill.
Sharma M and McBean E (2007) A methodology for solid waste characterisation based on diminishing marginal returns. Waste Management 27, 337-344.
Scheinberg A et al ( 2011) Assessing Recycling in Low- and middle-income Countries: building on modernised mixtures. Habitat International 35 (2) pp. 100-108.
United Republic of Tanzania (2004) Environmental Management Act
United Republic of Tanzania (2009) Public Health Act