Physico-Chemical Assessment of Surface and Ground Water for Drinking Purpose in Nawabshah City, Sindh, Pakistan
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 4, Issue 1, February 2015, Pages: 62-69
Received: Sep. 10, 2014;
Accepted: Feb. 6, 2015;
Published: Feb. 10, 2015
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Abdul Jabbar Kandhro, Department of Community Medicine, Peoples University of Medical & Health Sciences for Women, Nawabshah, Shaheed Benazirabad
Ali Muhammad Rind, Center for Environmental Sciences, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan
Abdul Aziz Mastoi, Center for Environmental Sciences, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan
Khalida Faryal Almani, Center for Environmental Sciences, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan
Sujo Meghwar, Department of Geography, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan
Muhib Ali Laghari, Department of Geography, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan
Muhammad Sohaib Rajpout, Center for Environmental Sciences, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan
The work reports the analysis of groundwater and surface water samples, were collected from different towns of Nawabshah City during the end of year 05 Dec, 2013 to 30 Jan, 2014. Sixty five groundwater and sixty surface water samples (water supply scheme) were collected from different parts of the Nawabshah city. Different physico-chemical parameters of water samples were measured at the field and in the laboratory. The conductivity, salinity and Total dissolved solids (TDS) were measured with Orion 115 conductivity meter at the field. pH was recorded with Orion 420A pH meter. Total hardness, chloride and alkalinity were determined by titration with standard EDTA, silver nitrate and hydrochloric acid. Sulfate was determined by turbidity meter as BaSO4 using Hitachi spectrophotometer. The metal ions Na, K, Ca and Mg were determined with Varian Spectr. AA-20 atomic absorption spectrometer with standard burner head and air acetylene flame at conditions recommended by the manufacturer. The results were varied within the ranges; pH 6.64-8.87, EC 240-10170 μS/cm and TDS 158-6050 mg/l, alkalinity 56-1225 mg/l, total hardness 84-1695 mg/l, chloride 32-1852 mg/l, sulfate 25-2170 mg/l. The concentration of essential metals was found in the ranges; Na 34-1725 mg/l, Ca 26-515 mg/l, Mg 13-430 mg/l, K 2-92 mg/l respectively. The analysis revealed that a number of ground water samples (70%) confirm their majority of parameters above the maximum permissible limits prescribed by WHO. Therefore the ground water of Nawabshah city may not be considered as safe to be used for dinking purpose. However, out of 60 samples only four surface water samples may be used for drinking purpose.
Abdul Jabbar Kandhro,
Ali Muhammad Rind,
Abdul Aziz Mastoi,
Khalida Faryal Almani,
Muhib Ali Laghari,
Muhammad Sohaib Rajpout,
Physico-Chemical Assessment of Surface and Ground Water for Drinking Purpose in Nawabshah City, Sindh, Pakistan, American Journal of Environmental Protection.
Vol. 4, No. 1,
2015, pp. 62-69.
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