Diversity of Vascular and Insects Canopy Epiphytes on Palm Oil in North Sumatra, Indonesia
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 5, Issue 3, June 2016, Pages: 39-49
Received: Mar. 22, 2016; Accepted: Mar. 31, 2016; Published: Apr. 20, 2016
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Authors
Fitra Suzanti, Biology Education Study Program, University of Riau, Riau, Indonesia
Retna Astuti Kuswardani, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Medan Area, Medan, Indonesia
Suci Rahayu, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of North Sumatra, Medan, Indonesia
Agus Susanto, Palm Research Center of Marihat, North Sumatra, Indonesia
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Abstract
This paper describes the role of the insect, which is essential for human survival, but still people are not familiar with widely even some people consider insects no meaning or viewed from the downside. Diversity of epiphytes and insects in the canopy of palm oil plantations in North Sumatra assessed by field observations at five locations, namely, Bukit Sentang, Padang Mandarsyah, Ajamu, Sijambu-jambu, and Aek Pancur. Data were analyzed using qualitative and quantitative. Based on the results obtained by analysis of the biological diversity of insects that affect the quality and quantity of farm products. In natural ecosystems, generally there has been a stable population of pests and their natural enemies so that the presence of insect pests in cropping is no longer harmful. Thereby, the conditions need to be developed so as to reduce the use of pesticides to control pests in field crops, especially in export-oriented and has high economic value.
Keywords
Diversity, Vascular Epiphytes, Insects Canopy, Oil Palm Plantations
To cite this article
Fitra Suzanti, Retna Astuti Kuswardani, Suci Rahayu, Agus Susanto, Diversity of Vascular and Insects Canopy Epiphytes on Palm Oil in North Sumatra, Indonesia, American Journal of Environmental Protection. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2016, pp. 39-49. doi: 10.11648/j.ajep.20160503.11
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Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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