Elimination Cyanide with Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2) and Calcium Hypochlorite (Ca(OCl)2) on Gold Mine Waste from North Luwu, South Sulawesi
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 5, Issue 4, August 2016, Pages: 97-102
Received: Jun. 15, 2016; Accepted: Jun. 27, 2016; Published: Jul. 13, 2016
Views 2942      Downloads 87
Muntasir, Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
M. Sjahrul, Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
Muhammad Zakir, Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
Indah Raya, Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
Article Tools
Follow on us
In this study, the elimination of cyanide by the addition of hydrogen peroxide and calcium hypochlorite was investigated. This study was conducted to determine the optimum conditions of H2O2and Ca(OCl) 2: concentration, pH and contact time, and the combined ratio of concentration H2O2 with Ca(OCl) 2 to remove cyanide in gold mining wastewater. Cyanide obtained by steam distillation of wastewater by steam distillation and Barnstead electromantel and assay using 0.02N silver nitrate. The results showed that the cyanide level was 50.22% w/v. The optimum conditions were obtained when the concentration of H2O2 at 500 ppm, pH 8 within 60 minutes contact time and Ca(OCl) 2 concentration was at 500 ppm, pH 8 within 60 minutes contact time. The best cyanide removal was obtained at the concentration ratio of 5:5 amounting to 45.76% w/v.
Cyanide, Hydrogen Peroxide, Calcium Hypoclorite, Steam Distillation, Silver Nitrate
To cite this article
Muntasir, M. Sjahrul, Muhammad Zakir, Indah Raya, Elimination Cyanide with Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2) and Calcium Hypochlorite (Ca(OCl)2) on Gold Mine Waste from North Luwu, South Sulawesi, American Journal of Environmental Protection. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2016, pp. 97-102. doi: 10.11648/j.ajep.20160504.14
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
C. C. Lv, J. Ding, P. Qian, Q. C. Li, S. F. Ye, Y. F. Chen, “Comprehensive recovery of metals from cyanidation tailing,” Minerals Engineering. Volume 70, 2015, Pages 141–147
Rajesh Roshan Dash, Chandrajit Balomajumderb, Arvind Kumar., “An Overview of Removal Methods of Cyanide from Industrial wastewater,” The International Congress on Civil Enginering. 2009
Ahmed Reda Yeddou, Salima Chergui, Abdelmalek Chergui, Farid Halet, Amaouche Hamza, Boubekeur Nadjemi, Aïssa Ould-Dris, Jamal Belkouch, “Removal of cyanide in aqueous solution by oxidation with hydrogen peroxide in presence of copper-impregnated activated carbon,” Minerals Engineering, Vol. 24, 2011, pp. 788-793.
Ahmed Reda Yeddou, Boubakeur Nadjemi, Farid Halet, Aïssa Ould-Dris, Richard Capart, “Removal of cyanide in aqueous solution by oxidation with hydrogen peroxide in presence of activated carbon prepared from olive stones,” Minerals Engineering, vol. 23, 2010, pp. 32–39.
T. I. Mudder, M. M. Botz, “Review Cyanide and society: a critical review,” The European Journal of Mineral Processing and Environmental Protection. Vol. 4, No. 1, 1303-0868, 2004, pp. 62-74.
Ata Akcil and Terry Mudder, “Review Microbial Destruction of cyanide wastes in gold mining: process review,” Biotechnology Letters, vol. 25, pp 445–450, 2003.
E. Y. Yazici, H. Deveci, I. Alp, “Treatment of cyanide effluents by oxidation and adsorption in batch and column studies,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 166, 2009, pp. 1362–1366.
Zhisong Shena, Binbing Hanb, S. Ranil Wickramasingheb, “Cyanide removal from industrial praziquantel wastewater using integrated coagulation–gas-filled membrane absorption,” Desalination, vol. 195, 2006, pp. 40-50
T. I. Mudder, M. M. Botz, A. Smith, “Chemistry and Treatment of Cyanidation Wastes,” seconded. Mining Journal Books, London, UK, 2001.
Meissam Noroozifara, Mozhgan Khorasani-Motlaghb, Aboozar Taheri, “Determination of cyanide in waste waters using modified Glassy Carbon electrode with immobilizied silver hexa cyanoferrate nano particles(SHFNPs) on multiwall carbon nanotube,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 185, 2011, pp. 255–261.
H. Deveci., E. Y. Yazici, I. Alp, T. Uslu, “Removal of cyanide from aqueous solutions by plain and metal-impregnated granular activated carbons,” Int. J. Miner. Process. Vol. 79, 2006, pp. 198–208.
Rajesh Roshan Dash, Abhinav Gaurb, Chandrajit Balomajumderb. Review Cyanide in industrial wastewaters and its removal: Are view on biotreatment journal of Hazardous Materials. Vol. 163, 2009, pp. 1-11.
Z. Bonyadi, A. A. Dehghan and A. Sadeghi, “Determination of Sonochemical Technology Efficiency for Cyanide Removal from Aqueous Solutions,” World Applied Sciences Journal, vol. 18 (3), 2012, pp. 425-429.
Aboozar Taheri, Meissam Noroozifara, Mozhgan Khorasani-Motlaghb, “Investigation of a new electrochemical cyanide sensor based on Ag nanoparticles embedded in a three-dimensional sol gel,” Journal of electroanalytical chemistry, vol. 628, 2009, pp. 48-54.
Tolga Depci, “Comparison of activated carbon and iron impregnated activated carbon derived from Gölbas¸ ilignite to remove cyanide from water,” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol 181, 2012, pp. 467–478.
Haiqing Xu, Aiping Li, Liangdong Fng, Xiaochun Ceheng and Shijie Ding, “Destruction of cyanide in aqueous solution by electrochemical oxidation methods,” Int. J. Electrochem. Sci., vol. 7, 2012, pp. 7516 – 7525.
Ata Akcil, “First application of cyanidation process in Turkish gold mining and its environmental impacts,” Minerals Engineering, vol. 15, 2002, pp. 695–699.
Cidu, R., Pelo, D. S., Frau, “Impact of gold mining on the aquatic system: a case study at Furtei (Sardinia, Italy),” Mine Water – Managing the Challenges. IMWA, 2011, pp. 575-580.
Teixeira, L. A. C., Arellano, M. T. C., Sarmiento, C. M., Yokoyama, L., Araujo, F. V da F, “Oxidation of cyanide in water by singlet oxygen generated by the reaction between hydrogen peroxide and hypochlorite,” Minerals Engineering, vol. 50–51, 2013, pp. 57-63.
Sinbuathong, N., Kongseri, B., Plungklang., and Roj Khun-anake, “Cyanide Removal from Laboratory Wastewater Using Sodium Hypochlorite and Calcium Hypochlorite, “ Kasetsart J. (Nat. Sci.), vol. 34, 2000, pp. 74-78.
Awan. M. A.,” Reduction of Chemical Oxygen Demand from Tannery wastewater by oxidation,” (EJEAFChe) Electronic Journal of Environmental, Agricultur and Food Chemistry vol. 3 (1), 2004, pp. 625-628.
American Public Health Association (APHA) and American Water Work Association (AWWA), “Standart Method for Examination of Water and Wastewater”, 19th. Victor Graphics Inc. Maryland. 1992, pp. 1260-1268.
Riyanti, F., Puji Lukitowati, P., Afrilianza, “Proses Klorinasi Untuk Menurunkan Kandungan Sianida dan Nilai KOK Pada Limbah Cair Tepung Tapioka,” Jurnal Penelitian Sains 13 (3 (C)), 2010, pp. 34-39.
Tangkuman, H. D., Abidjulu, J., dan Mukuan. H, “Pengaruh Konsentrasi Sianida Terhadap Produksi Emas,” Chem. Prog. 1 (1), 2008, hal. 25-29.
Young and Jordan., “Cyanide remediation: current and past technologies,” Proceedings of 10th annual conference on hazardous Waste research. 1995, pp. 104-149.
Botz, M. M, “Overview of cyanide Treatment Methods, Mining Enviromental Management,” Mining Journal Ltd London. UK. 2001, pp 28-30
Pitoi, M. M., A. D. Wuntu and H. S. J. Koleangan, “Cyanide detoxification in gold mining tailing using sodium metabisulphite (Na2S2O5) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2),” Chem. Prog. 1, (1), hal. 30-35.
I. Iordache, M. T. Nechita, N. Aelenei, I. Rosca, G. Apostolescu, M. Peptanariu Sonochemical Enhancement of Cyanide Ion Degradation from Wastewater in the Presence of Hydrogen Peroxide. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies Vol. 12, No. 6, 2003, pp. 735-737.
A. Khodadad., P. Teimoury., M. Abdolahi., A. Samiee, “Detoxification of Cyanide in a Gold Proccecing Plant Tailings Water Using Calcium and Sodium Hypochlorite,” Mine Water Environ. Vol. 27, 2008, pp. 52-55.
Craig A. Johnson, “The fate of cyanide in leach wastes at gold mines: An environmental perspective,” Applied Geochemistry, Volume 57, June 2015, Pages 194-205.
Satmoko, Yudo., dan Nusa Idaman Said, “Pengolahan Air Limbah industri kecil pelapisan logam,” JAI. Vol. 1 (1), 2005, hal. 17-29.
Seung-Mok, Lee, Diwakar Tiwari, “Applicationof Ferrate (VI) in the treatment of industrial wastes containing metal-complexed cyanides: A green treatment,” Journal Environmental Sciences, vo. 21, 2009, pp. 1347-1352.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186