Sulphur Dioxide Adsorption on Nickel Smelting Industry in East Luwu Using a Solution of Hydrogen Peroxide
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 5, Issue 4, August 2016, Pages: 103-108
Received: Jun. 22, 2016; Accepted: Jul. 4, 2016; Published: Jul. 16, 2016
Views 3340      Downloads 92
Agus Dina, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
Muhammad Sjahrul, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
Muhammad Zakir, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
Dadang Ahmad Suriamihardja, Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Research on SO2 gas adsorption from emissions of nickel ore industries plant use coal in the smelting process and the production by using H2O2 as an adsorbent solution. The adsorbent used to reduce the level of SO2 in the air pollution. This study includes the adsorption of SO2 gas of 6 factory chimneys at the nickel ore industry (2 dryers, 2 kilns, and 2 furnaces). The results showed that the percentage ratio of the average absorbance between H2O2 and calcium carbonate in reducing greenhouse gas emissions of SO2 into the air that is 95.00%: 93.34%. As for the rest of SO2 gas unadsorbed fixed meet the quality standards specified (750 mg/m3). Batch adsorption was conducted with respect to concentration of adsorbent, the adsorption temperature, and contact time. It was shown that the optimum concentration of adsorbent was 5%, the adsorption temperature was 20°C, and contact time was 1800 second.
SO2 Gas, Hydrogen Peroxide, Gas Emission
To cite this article
Agus Dina, Muhammad Sjahrul, Muhammad Zakir, Dadang Ahmad Suriamihardja, Sulphur Dioxide Adsorption on Nickel Smelting Industry in East Luwu Using a Solution of Hydrogen Peroxide, American Journal of Environmental Protection. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2016, pp. 103-108. doi: 10.11648/j.ajep.20160504.15
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Ahmed, I. B., P. K. Gbor, and C. Q. Jia, "Aqueous sulfur dioxide leaching of Cu, Ni, Co, Zn, and Fe from smelter slag in absence of oxygen," Can. J. Chem. Eng. 78(A) 694-703 (2000).
Ahmed, I. B., P. K. Gbor, and C. Q. Jia, "Effect of O2 on aqueous SO2 leaching of Co, Cu, and Ni from discard smelter slag," Can. J. Chem. Eng. 80(3) 410-420 (2002).
Arun Kumar Sharma, D. S. N. Prasad, ShvetaAcharya, and Rashmi Sharma. Utility and Application of FGD System (Flue Gas Desulphurization) in Chemical and Environmental Engineering. International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications, Vol. 3, No. 2, April 2012.
Bhamidipati V. N. and W. C. Gibson (2003), Considerations for Low Sulfur Coal Blending, B. L. England Station, US.
Cahyadi, 2006. Strategi menurunkan emisi SO2 pada PLTU batubara yang tidak memiliki fasilitas desulfurisasi. Jurnal Ilmiah Teknologi Energi, Vol.1, No.2. ISSN 1858–3466.
Cooper dan Alley, 1986. Air Pollution Control: A Design Approach. PWS Engineering, Boston.
Carn, S. A., Krueger, A. J., Krotkov, N. A., Yang, K., and Levelt, P. F., 2007, Sulfur dioxide emissions from Peruvian copper smelters detected by the Ozone Monitoring Instrument, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L09801.
Davis and Cornwell, 1991. Introduction to Environmental Engineering. Second Edition.
Direktorat Batubara – ESDM, 2005. Data spesifikasi batubara perusahaan tambang batubara Indonesia tahun 2004, Jakarta, Indonesia.
ENV, Updated Report: Sulfur Dioxide Abatement Project Comparative Impact Assessment, 10 Februari 2011.
FastiaWininda dan Puji Lestari, 2006. Analisis karakteristik emisi cerobong dalam fasa gas pada industri semen yang menggunakan bahan bakar alternatif. Environmental Engineering Study Program. Faculty of Civil and Environment Engineering, ITB, Indonesia.
Ferron, C. J., 2008, Sulfur dioxide: a versatile reagent for the processing of cobaltic oxide minerals, Journal of Metals, 60(10), 50-54.
Habashi, F., 1976, Reduction of sulfates by hydrogen, Can. J. Chem, 54: 3646-3650.
Hatch., Carbon Footprint of SO2 Scrubbing, PT. INCO, November 2010.
Hatfield, 2010, Distribution And Diversity Of Lichens And Bryophytes In Sorowako Area And Potential For Use As Indicators Of Air Quality.
Hutagalung, M. 2008. TeknologiPengolahanLimbah Gas. Tersedia:
Ilari Ekman and Antti Ahti, 2004, Experiences of LIFAC FGD In Chinese Boiler, Proceeding China International Exhibition & Conference on SOx and NOx Reduction 2004, Beijing, P.R. China.
Kim Y. Z., J. K. Han, H. K. Hong, S. K. Lee, 1999, A Coal Blending Experience for the Reduction of Power Plant SOx Emission, Samchonpo Thermal Power Site Division, KEPCO, KyongNam Province, Korea.
Laporanpelaksanaan RKL-RPL PT. INCO.2006, 2008, 2009, 2010.
Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference 35th edition 2. AHFS 2008, elect. version 3. e-MIMS Australia, 2003 2006/2007 p.91 4. BNF 54th edition, elect. version. 5. DOEN 2008, hal.39, 68.
McDonald, R. G., and B. l. Whittington, 2008, Atmospheric acid leaching of nickel laterites review. Part I. Sulfuric acid technologies, Hydrometallurgy, 91 (1), 35-55.
Mudd, Gavin M., 2009, Nickel sulfide versus laterite: The harde sustainability challenge remains, proceedings of the 48th Annual Conference of Metallurgists, Canadian Metallurgical Society, Sudbury, Ontario, Canada.
Nur, M., Wirawan, B. Y., Wijaya, W. A., Suseno, A., Sumariyah, 2006, Pereduksian COx, NOx, SOx, HC, Dari Kendaraan Bermotor Dengan Menggunakan Plasma Nontermik, Berkala Fisika, 9 (4), 209-219 ISSN: 1410-9662.
Marosin, R., dan Anam, A., 2004, Karakteristik Emisi Gas Buang Insenerator Medis di Rumah Sakit Jiwa Dadi Makassar Sulawesi Selatan, Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan, 5 (1).
Mulaudzi, N., and T. Mahlangu, 2009, Oxidative precipitation of Mn(ll) from cobalt leach solutions using dilute SO2/air mixture, paper presented at Hydrometallurgy Conference, The Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy.
Nolan P. S., 1998, Flue Gas desulfurization in China, Babcock & Wilcox, International Electric Power for China.
Nolan P. S., 2000, Flue Gas Desulfurization, Technologies for Coal-Fired Power Plant, Low Rank Coal Utilization, ICS, Jakarta.
Nuning E. K. dan R. Azizah, 2005, Pengaruh Penggunaan Cerobong Asap Model “Water Spons Filter” (WSF) Terhadap Penurunan Kadar SO2 Pada Industri Tahu di Sukun, Malang.
Peraturan Presiden No. 61 tahun 2011 tentang Rencana Aksi Nasional Penurunan Emisi Gas Rumah Kaca.
Tim Perumus Gubernur, 2010, Peraturan gubernur Sulawesi Selatan No. 69 tahun 2010 tentang baku mutu dan kriteria kerusakan lingkungan hidup, Setprov Sulawesi Selatan.
Agus Supriadi. PT INCO, Environmental Study of Sulfur and Sulfate Concentration in Soil and Water Sorowako and its Surrounding Area, Juni 2010.
PT INCO, Fuel consumption and cloud seeding activities, Januari 2011.
PT INCO. Environmental Study Of Sulfur And Sulfate Concentration In Soil And Water Sorowako And Its Surrounding Area, Sorowako, 2010.
Rader P., J. Augeli and S. Ahman (2000), Alstom Power FGD Technologies: SO2 Compliance for Low Rank Coals at the Lowest Life Cycle Cost, Low Rank Coal Utilization, ICS, Jakarta.
Ravi K. Srivastava. (2000). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency National Risk Management Research Laboratory Research Triangle Part, NC.27711.
Reuther J. J. (1989), Applied Coal Combustion Basic, The Pennsylvania State University, USA.
Riyanto Marosin. 1995. Peralatan kontrol polusi udara. Teknologi Pengendalian dan Pengukuran Polusi Udara di Industri. UPT-LSDE, BPP Teknologi.
Saeni, M. S.,1989. Kimia Lingkungan.
Sato, T., Goro, T., Okabe, T., and Lawson, F., 2013, 'The Oxidation of Iron(Ll) Sulfate With Sulfur Dioxide and Oxygen Mixture," Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn, 57(8), 2082-2086.
Djayanti, S., Perancangan Prototipe Alat Pengendalian Pencemaran SO2 dengan Teknologi Non Thermal Plasma. Balai Besar Teknologi Pencegahan Pencemaran Industri.
Sjahrul, M., 2001, Kimia Lingkungan. Fakultas MIPA. Universitas Hasanuddin. Makassar.
Smith, S. J., Andres, R., Conception, E., and Lurz, J.: Sulfur Dioxide Emissions: 1850–2000, JGCRI Report PNNL-14537, 2004.
Srivastava, A., and Kumar, R., 2001, Economics Valuation of Health Impact of Air Pollution in Mumbei, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 75: 135-143.
Sudrajad, Agung., 2006, Pencemaran Udara, Suatu Pendahuluan
Valix, M., and W. H. Cheung, 2002, Effect of sulfur on the mineral phases of laterite ores at high temperature reduction, Miner. Eng. 15: 523-530.
Youvial M, Sastrawinata, Yurismono (1999), Laporan Akhir Studi Kelayakan Pengendalian Emisi SO2, UPT LSDE–BPPT, Maret 1999.
Yurismono H., Cahyadi, YenniWesti (2003), Pengendalian SO2 dengan Sistem Injeksi Batu Kapur pada PLTU Batubara, Laporan Akhir RUT, UPT LSDE-BPPT.
Watson, J., Chow, J., Wang, X., Kohl, S., Sodeman, D., 2010. Measurement of Realworld Stack Emissions with a Dilution Sampling System (No. 010109-123109), Prepared by Desert Research Institute, Reno, NV, for Ft. McMurray, AB, Canada, Wood Buffalo Environmental Association.
Xiao, H. Y., Liu, C. Q., 2002. Sources of nitrogen and sulfur in wet deposition at Guiyang, southwest China. Atmospheric Environment 36, 5121-5130.
Zhang, W., P. Singh and D. M. Muir, 2000, SO2/O2 as an oxidant in hydrometallurgy, Miner. Eng. 13(13), 1319-1328.
Zhao, F., Knights, J., Hu, Z., McGrath, S., 2003. Stable sulfur isotope ratio indicates long-term changes in sulfur deposition in the Broadbalk experiment since 1845. Journal of Environmental Quality 32, 33-39.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186