Assessment of the Using Patterns of Pesticides and Its Impact on Farmers Health in the Jhenidah District of Bangladesh
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2016, Pages: 139-144
Received: Aug. 28, 2016;
Accepted: Sep. 5, 2016;
Published: Sep. 22, 2016
Views 2982 Downloads 107
Most. Nasima Akhter, Department of Sociology, Baliadanga Khanpur College, Monirampur, Jessore, Bangladesh
Tapos Kumar Chakraborty, Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Jessore University of Science and Technology, Jessore, Bangladesh
Prianka Ghosh, Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Jessore University of Science and Technology, Jessore, Bangladesh
Sayka Jahan, Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Jessore University of Science and Technology, Jessore, Bangladesh
Gopal Chandra Ghosh, Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Jessore University of Science and Technology, Jessore, Bangladesh
Sheikh Abir Hossain, Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Jessore University of Science and Technology, Jessore, Bangladesh
Unreasonable utilization of pesticides is progressively debilitating our biological community, well-being and environment. The main objectives of these studies were to examine the pesticide using pattern and its impact on farmer’s health. Kaligonj and Jhenaidah sadar upazila of Jhenaidah districts were selected as a study area, where agriculture is the main sources of livelihood. Data were collected from randomly selected 80 farmers through a defined questionnaire. Study finding indicates that most of the farmers used insecticide (80%) in their agricultural fields and about (75%) farmers were could not read the level of the pesticides packet/bottle as a result they applied in a high dose. About seventy-seven percentage (77%) farmers used hand derived sprayer machines for pesticide application and during that time 80% farmers were not taking any types of protective measures. Gastro- intestinal diseases (84%), eye diseases (64%), skin diseases (60%) and urine and sexual diseases (54%) were the most common diseases in the study area. Farmers who were engaged in agricultural practices during 15-19 years they were suffering most from various types of health problem. Intensive awareness training of farmers on safety measures regarding the application of pesticides and its rational use is necessary to avoid potential health hazards.
Most. Nasima Akhter,
Tapos Kumar Chakraborty,
Gopal Chandra Ghosh,
Sheikh Abir Hossain,
Assessment of the Using Patterns of Pesticides and Its Impact on Farmers Health in the Jhenidah District of Bangladesh, American Journal of Environmental Protection.
Vol. 5, No. 5,
2016, pp. 139-144.
J. Tekwa, O. Y. Ambali and B. H. Gabdo, “Economic analysis of farm hazards associated with the use of agrochemicals on agricultural farms”, Australian Journal of Agricultural Engineering, 1(1), 2010, pp. 7-13.
World Health Organization (WHO), “Guidelines for drinking-water quality”, 2nd ed., Geneva, 1997.
E. E. K. Clarke, L. S. Levy, A. Spurgeon and I. A. Clavert, “The problems associated with pesticide use by irrigation workers in Ghana”, Occupational Medicine, 47(5), 1997, pp. 301-308.
J. R. Krebs, J. D. Wilson, R. B. Bradbury and G. M. Siriwardena, “The second silent spring?”, Nature, 400, 1999, pp. 611-612.
S. Rahman and G. B. Thapa, “Environmental impact of technological change in Bangladesh agriculture: farmers’ perception and empirical evidence”, Outlook on Agriculture, 28, 1999, pp. 233–238.
P. Gain, “Pesticide Doesn’t Guarantee Increased Crop Yield”, in Gain, P. et al. (Eds), Bangladesh Environment: Facing the 21st Century, Society for Environment and Human Development (SEHD), Dhaka, 1998.
S. Parveen and N. Nakagoshi, “An analysis of pesticide use for rice pest management in Bangladesh”, J. Int. Dev. Coop., 8, 2001, pp. 107-111.
C. M. Meisner and S. Dasgupta, “Identifying Pesticide Hotspots: The Case of Bangladesh”, Mimeo, 2004, Available at: http://www.worldbank/nipr (Accessed on 3th August 2016).
Anonymous, “Annual report 1999-2000”, Entomology division: Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute. Dhaka, 2000.
The Daily Prothomalo, Dhaka, July 20 & 21, 2008.
Daily Star, “Pesticides may also kill ignorant farmers”, Jan 5, 2010, Available at: http://www.bd64.com/today1.php?id=9525 (Accessed on 13th August 2016).
S. J. Miah, A. Hoque, A. Paul and A. Rahman, “Unsafe Use of Pesticide and Its Impact on Health of Farmers: A Case Study in Burichong Upazila Bangladesh”, IOSR Journal Of Environmental Science, Toxicology And Food Technology, 8 (1), 2014, PP 57-67.
M. Kishi, N. Hirschhorn, M. Qjajadisastra, L. N. Satterlee, S. Strowman and R. Dilts, “Relationship of pesticide spraying to signs and symptoms in Indonesian farmers”, Scandinavian Journal of Work & Environmental Health, 21,1995, pp. 124-133.
D. Pimental, H. Acquay and M. Biltonen, “Environmental and economic costs of pesticide use”, Bioscience, 42, 1992, pp. 750-60.
L. Rosenstock, M. Keifer, W. E. Daniell, R. McConnell and K. Claypoole, “Chronic central nervous system effects of acute organophosphate pesticide intoxication”, Lancet, 338, 1991, pp. 223-227.
Bangladesh Population Census, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of kaligonj and Jhenidah Sadar Upazila, 2007.