Environmental Principles in the Holy Koran and the Sayings of the Prophet Muhammad
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 6, Issue 3, June 2017, Pages: 75-79
Received: May 9, 2017;
Accepted: May 17, 2017;
Published: Jun. 7, 2017
Views 2442 Downloads 58
Djamel Ghernaout, Chemical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, University of Ha’il, Ha’il, Saudi Arabia; Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, University of Blida, Blida, Algeria
“Corruption has appeared throughout the land and sea by [reason of] what the hands of people have earned so He may let them taste part of [the consequence of] what they have done that perhaps they will return [to righteousness].” Ar-Rūm (The Romans) (30: 41), The Holy Koran. “Indeed, in the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of the night and the day are signs for those of understanding. Who remember Allah while standing or sitting or [lying] on their sides and give thought to the creation of the heavens and the earth, [saying], "Our Lord, You did not create this aimlessly; exalted are You [above such a thing]; then protect us from the punishment of the Fire.” Al-Imran (3: 190-191), The Holy Koran. “[Muhammad] was the only man in history who was supremely successful on both the religious and secular levels.” Michael H. Hart, “The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History”. A Hadith (Saying of the Islamic Prophet) attracted the attention. Prophet Muhammad said: "If the Final Hour comes while you have a palm-cutting in your hands and it is possible to plant it before the Hour comes, you should plant it". Planting a palm-cutting (shrub, bush, and sapling) even if the Final Hour comes is astonishing. Firstly, if planting a palm-cutting is considered as a work it indicates that the Prophet Muhammad invites humankind to keep activating until the last second of the Life. When the environment problems are taken into account such as global warming, air and water/wastewater pollution, planting a palm-cutting may be a good solution. Such readings suggested reviewing the Islamic principles from the point of view of environmental principles. This study arrives at its time since the World environmental Engineers and the Green Chemistry specialists have largely opened the discussion about polluting industry (especially chemistry) and preserving nature. Returning Man to its initial and noble Mission on Earth is reflected through this research to preserve both humankind and nature.
Environmental Principles in the Holy Koran and the Sayings of the Prophet Muhammad, American Journal of Environmental Protection.
Vol. 6, No. 3,
2017, pp. 75-79.
Hadith, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hadith (accessed on November 11st, 2016).
http://sunnah.com/urn/2304770 (accessed on November 11st, 2016).
D. Ghernaout, The best available technology of water/wastewater treatment and seawater desalination: Simulation of the open sky seawater distillation, Green Sustain. Chem. 3 (2013) 68-88.
D. Ghernaout, B. Ghernaout, M. W. Naceur, Embodying the chemical water treatment in the green chemistry – A review, Desalination 271 (2011) 1-10.
D. Ghernaout, M. W. Naceur, Ferrate (VI): In Situ generation and water treatment – A review, Desalin. Water Treat. 30 (2011) 319-332.
D. Ghernaout, B. Ghernaout, On the concept of the future drinking water treatment plant: Algae harvesting from the algal biomass for biodiesel production––A review, Desalin. Water Treat., 49 (2012) 1-18.
A. Ketsetzi, A. Stathoulopoulou, K. D. Demadis, Being “green” in chemical water treatment technologies: issues, challenges and developments, Desalination 223 (2008) 487-493.
A. Zidanšek, R. Blinc, A. Jeglič, S. Kabashi, S. Bekteshi, I. Šlaus, Climate changes, biofuels and the sustainable future, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 34 (2009) 6980-6983.
A. Maczulak, Environmental engineering, designing a sustainable future, Facts On File, Inc., An imprint of Infobase Publishing, New York, USA, 2010.
J. B. Manley, P. T. Anastas, B. W. Cue Jr., Frontiers in Green Chemistry: meeting the grand challenges for sustainability in R&D and manufacturing, J. Clean. Product. 16 (2008) 743-750.
http://kaheel7.com/eng/index.php/earth-science/875-quranic-a-prophetic-inimitability-in-ecology-10 (accessed on November 11st, 2016).
http://kaheel7.com/eng/index.php/health-a-medicine/832-wash-your-hands (accessed on November 11st, 2016).
R. Kamlaa, S. Gallhofer, J. Haslam, Islam, nature and accounting: Islamic principles and the notion of accounting for the environment, Account. Forum 30 (2006) 245-265.
I. Hobson, Guiding principles for a solution to environmental problems. In H. Abdel Haleem (Ed.), Islam and the Environment (pp. 33–42), London: Ta-Ha, 1998.
S. S. Shah Haneef, Principles of environmental law in Islam, Arab Law Quarterly 17 (2002) 241-254.
A. A. Bagader, A. T. Elchirazi El-Sabbagh, M. A. Al-Glayand, M. Y. I.-D. Samarrai, O. A. Llwellyn, Environmental protection in Islam, IUCN Environment Policy and Law Paper N. 20 Rev., 2nd Revised Ed., IUCN, Gland Switzerland and Cambridge, UK, 1994. http://cmsdata.iucn.org/downloads/eplp_020reven.pdf (accessed on January 16th, 2017).
F. M. Khalid, Islam and the environment, (Vol. 5) Social and economic dimensions of global environmental change, pp 332-339, P. Timmerman (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change, T. Munn (Editor-in-Chief), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, 2002. http://www.kantakji.com/media/1607/j1000.pdf (accessed on January 16th, 2017).
A. M. Al-Damkhi, Environmental ethics in Islam: principles, violations, and future perspectives, Inter. J. Environ. Studies 65 (2008) 11-31.
A. Bagader, A. El-Sabbagh, M. Al-Glayand, M. Samarrai, Environmental protection in Islam (part 1 of 7): A general introduction (http://www.islamreligion.com/articles/307/viewall/environmental-protection-in-islam/) (accessed on March 12th, 2017).
T. Berhane, M. Teklemedhn, Environmental law, teaching material, https://chilot.files.wordpress.com/2011/06/environmental-law-teaching-material.pdf (accessed on March 12th, 2017).
Environmental law, A handbook for Afghan Judges, United Nations Environment Programme, http://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/afg_tech/theme_01/afg_judges_EN.pdf (accessed on March 12th, 2017).
I. Ozdemir, An Islamic Approach to the Environment, http://www.islamawareness.net/Nature/environment_approach.html (accessed on March 12th, 2017).
M. R. Akhtar, Towards an Islamic approach for environmental balance, http://www.irti.org/English/Research/Documents/IES/137.pdf (accessed on March 12th, 2017).
I. Schatzschneider, Environmental ethics and Islam, https://www.cilecenter.org/en/articles-essays/environmental-ethics-and-islam/ (accessed on March 12th, 2017).
Islamic ethics, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_ethics (accessed on March 12th, 2017).
A. M. Schwencke, Globalized Eco-Islam, A survey of global Islamic environmentalism, Funded by Leiden University Fund, pilot study grant (2012), http://media.leidenuniv.nl/legacy/report-globalized-eco-islam-a-survey-schwencke-vs-24-february-2012-pdf.pdf (accessed on March 12th, 2017).
U. F. Moghul, S. H. K. Safar-Aly, Green Şukūk: The introduction of Islam’s environmental ethics to contemporary Islamic finance, http://www.simmons-simmons.com/~/media/Files/Corporate/External%20publications%20pdfs/Moghul%20%20SafarAly%20Green%20Sukuk%20Final.pdf (accessed on March 12th, 2017).
I. Abumoghli, Sustainable Development in Islam, https://www.google.dz/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=29&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwiPo5ybyeDSAhXIiywKHdVXAm84FBAWCFYwCA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwaterwiki.net%2Fimages%2F8%2F85%2FSustainable_Development_in_Islamic_Law_-_Iyad_Abumoghli.doc&usg=AFQjCNFBHYlA2o8HSay66OPfwnAUVdDLfg&sig2=YrnJ0S8a8qqG0xJHdRJJuw&bvm=bv.149760088,d.bGg (accessed on March 18th, 2017).