Heavy Metals Contamination Assessment of Water and Soils in and Around Barapukuria Coal Mine Area, Bangladesh
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 6, Issue 4, August 2017, Pages: 80-86
Received: May 12, 2017;
Accepted: Jun. 21, 2017;
Published: Jul. 18, 2017
Views 3106 Downloads 124
Md. Hafijur Rahaman Khan, Key Laboratory of Marginal Sea Geology, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China; Department of Petroleum and Mining Engineering, Jessore University of Science and Technology, Jessore, Bangladesh
Ashraf Ali Seddique, Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Jatiya Kabi Kazi Nazrul Islam University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh
Ananna Rahman, Key Laboratory of Marginal Sea Geology, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China; Department of Petroleum and Mining Engineering, Jessore University of Science and Technology, Jessore, Bangladesh
Yuta Shimizu, Western Region Agricultural Research Center, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization, Japan
In order to evaluate the heavy metals contamination of groundwater in Barapukuria Coal Mine (BCM) area and its vicinity, nine groundwater samples from different location, two waste water either treated and/or untreated that were used to irrigate in and around the coal mine areas, three surficial soil samples (~20cm depth) and a coal dust sample were collected during March, 2015. The samples were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP–MS). Each sample was analyzed for As, Mn, Fetotal, Cu, Pb, Zn, Mo, Ni, Co, Cr, Cd and Hg. It was found that As, Cu, Pb, Zn, Mo, Co, Cr, Cd and Hg did not exhibit significant elevated levels, but concentration of Mn, Fetotal and Ni ranging from 0.15 to 3.85mg/L, 0 to 1.88mg/L and 0.01 to 0.09mg/L respectively both in groundwater and mine waste water samples exceeded the World Health Organization (WHO, 2004) drinking water guideline values of 0.4mg/L of Mn, 0.3 mg/L of Fe and of 0.02mg/L of Ni. Similarly the mean heavy metal concentrations in soils were below the Bangladesh standards for all heavy metals but the maximum values of Co (137.25 to 245.24mg/kg), Cr (139.02 to 243.38mg/kg) and Hg (0 to 24.28mg/kg) also exceeded the maximum acceptable limit of Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO, 1992) (Co of 50mg/kg, Cr of 100mg/kg) and Environment Agency (EA, 2009) (Hg of 1mg/kg) guideline standard. However, the coal dust was not above the guideline recommended limit for any elements. Therefore, this study reveals that the use of treated and/or untreated coal mine waste water for irrigation has increased the risk of heavy metals contamination in groundwater and causing potential health hazards in the long time term.
Md. Hafijur Rahaman Khan,
Ashraf Ali Seddique,
Heavy Metals Contamination Assessment of Water and Soils in and Around Barapukuria Coal Mine Area, Bangladesh, American Journal of Environmental Protection.
Vol. 6, No. 4,
2017, pp. 80-86.
Howladar M. F., Deb P. K., Muzemder A. T. M. S. H. & Ahmed M. (2014). Evaluation of water resources around Barapukuria coal mine industrial area, Dinajpur, Bangladesh. Appl Water Sci 4: DOI 10.1007/s13201-014-0207-5., 203–222p.
Halim M. A., Majumder R. K., Zaman M. N., Hossain S., Rasul M. G. & Sasaki K. (2012). Mobility and impact of trace metals in Barapukuria coal mining area, Northwest Bangladesh., Spinger., Arab J Geosci DOI 10.1007/s12517-012-0769-1., 13pp.
Seddique A. A. and Matin K. A. (2013). Assessment of groundwater vulnerability in and around Narayanganj town, Bangladesh: Insight into groundwater contamination. International Journal of Environment, Vol. 3 (1), 10-18pp.
Kiran D. L., Krishna D. L., Vivek S. M., and Dilip S. R. (2012). Assessment of Heavy Metal Contaminated Soil Near Coal Mining Area in Gujarat By Toxicity Characteristics Leaching Procedure, Int. J. LifeSc. Bt & Pharm. Res. 2012, 73-80pp.
Earth Summit (1992). Programme of action for sustainable development (174–175). Agenda 21, UNCED, Rio deJaneiro, Brazil.
WHO (1984). International standards for drinking water. Geneva: World Health Organization.
Wardell A (1991). Techno-economic feasibility study, Barapukuria coal project, Dinajpur district, Bangladesh. vol 1, 2.
Bakr M. A., Rahman Q. M. A., Islam M. M., Islam M. K., Uddin M. N., Resan S. A., Haider M. J., Islam M. S., Ali M. W., Choudhury M. E. A., Mannan K. M., and Anam A. N. M. H.,(1996). Geology and Coal Deposits of Barapukuria Basin, Dinajpur District, Bangladesh. Records of Geological Survey of Bangladesh, Vol. 8, Part. 1, pp. 36.
Senapaty A. and Behera P. (2012). Concentration and Distribution of Trace Elements in Different Coal Seams of the Talcher Coalfield, Odisha., International Journal of Earth Science and Engineering., ISSN 0974-5904, Volume 05, No. 01., Pp. 80-87.
APHA, (1995). Standard methods for the examination of water and waste water 19th edition. American Public Health Association and Water Pollution Control Federation, Washington D. C.
Food And Agriculture Organization (FAO, 1992). Wastewater treatment and use in agriculture -FAO irrigation and drainage paper 47, by M. B. sescod.
EAR (Environmental Agency Report) (2009). Published by: Environment Agency, Rio House, Waterside Drive, Aztec West, Almondsbury, Bristol. BS32 4UD., at https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/313877/scho0309bpqg-e-e.pdf. Accessed July 15, 2015.
BNDWQS (Bangladesh National Drinking Water Quality Survey) (2009). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Planning Division, Ministry of Planning, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh., by Unicef Bangladesh., Published at 22, March 2011., 196p. Available at http://www.bbs.gov.bd. Accessed July 20, 2015.
National Research Council (US) Safe Drinking Water Committee (1977). Drinking Water and Health: Volume 5. Washington (DC): Amendment to the Safe Drinking Water Act.
Reddy T. B., Ramana Ch. V., Bhaskar Ch. & Chandrababu P. J. (2012). Assessment Of Heavy Metal Study On Ground Water In And Around Kapuluppada Msw Site, Visakhapatnam, AP., I. J. S. N., VOL. 3 (2) 2012: 468-471, ISSN 2229 – 6441, 468-471p.
Calkins M. (2009). Materials for sustainable sites: A complete guide to the evaluation. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons. pp. 451.
EPA. (2004). Drinking water health advisory for Mn. Accessed from http://www.epa.gov/safewater. Accessed July 13, 2015.
WHO (2004). Guideline for Drinking Water Quality World Health Organization, Geneva., ISBN: 92 4 154638 7., Vol. 1: 3rd ed. 515pp.
Marfo B. T, (2014). Heavy Metals Contaminations Of Soil And Water At Agbogbloshie Scrap Market, Accra., St, Id: Pg 4171010; A Thesis Submitted To The Department Of Theoretical And Applied Biology, Kwame Nkrumah University Of Science And Technology., Master Of Science Degree In Environmental Science. 71pp.
Chiroma T. M., Ebewele R. O. And Hymore F. K. (2014). Comparative Assessement Of Heavy Metal Levels In Soil, Vegetables And Urban Grey Waste Water Used For Irrigation In Yola And Kano., International Refereed Journal of Engineering and Science (IRJES)., ISSN (Online) 2319-183X, (Print) 2319-1821., Volume 3, Issue 2 (February 2014), Pp. 01-09.
Khan M. A., Ajid A. W., Noor S., Khaitak F. K., Akhter S. And Rahman I. Ur. (2008). Effect of Soil Contamination on Some Heavy Metals Content of Cannabis sativa., J. Chem. Soc. Pak., Vol. 30, No. 6, 2008, 805-809pp.
Sarker S. K., Baten M. A., Haque M. E., Hossain M. S. and Rahman S. M. M., (2010). Effect of Barapukuria coal mine on soil environment, J. Agrofor. Environ. 4 (2): ISSN 1995-6983., 181-183pp.
Farhaduzzaman M., Abdullah, WH. and Islam, MA. (2012). Depositional environment and hydrocarbon source potential of the Permian Gondwana coals from the Barapukuria basin, Northwest Bangladesh. International Journal of Coal Geology, Vol. 90-91 No. 1, pp. 162-179.
Hildebrand R. T. (2011). Challenges of Coalbed Natural Gas Development in Northwestern Bangladesh., Search and Discovery Article #80134 (2011). Posted February 21, 2011. Adapted from oral presentation at AAPG International Conference and Exhibition, Calgary, Alberta, 23pp.
Khan A. A., Chouhan R. K. S. (1996). The crustal dynamics and the tectonic trends in the Bengal basin. J Geodyn 22: 267–286pp.
Alam M., Alam M. M., Curray J., Chowdhury R. M. L. R., Gani M. R. (2003). An overview of the sedimentary geology of the Bengal basin in relation to the regional tectonic framework and basin-fifill history. Sediment Geol 155: 179–208pp.
Department of Environment, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, 1997. ECR (The Environment Conservation Rules). Poribesh Bhaban E-16, Agargaon, Shere Bangla Nagar Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh pp. 179–226.