Impact of Quality and Usage of Outdoor Spaces on Sustainable Campus Environment in Akure, Nigeria
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 6, Issue 5, October 2017, Pages: 105-111
Received: Feb. 28, 2017;
Accepted: Apr. 1, 2017;
Published: Aug. 29, 2017
Views 1815 Downloads 61
Ikudayisi Ayodele Emmanuel, Department of Architecture, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
Adegbehingbe Victor Olufemi, Department of Architecture, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
Sustainable academic environment has multiple benefits of fostering conducive living and learning as well as shaping student’s behavioural pattern towards sustainability practice in their future endeavours. Although an academic environment entails the interface of indoor and outdoor spaces, the outdoor spaces have received little research attention especially in Nigeria. This study focused on outdoor sustainability by examining the qualities, adequacy and level of usage of campus outdoor spaces and its infrastructures. An instrument tagged “Campus Outdoor Spaces Questionnaire (COSQ)” was used to collect relevant data from Four hundred and Ten (410) students drawn from six (6) Schools in Federal University of Technology Akure, (FUTA) Nigeria. The data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics including frequency chart, mean score and standard deviation. The study found that the students perceived the campus outdoor spaces as well landscaped, well maintained and safe; however, they opined that the outdoor furniture, sport facilities and lighting are grossly inadequate, more importantly; the outdoor spaces lack facilities that could support learning and social connectivity. Hence, recommendations were made on strategies towards achieving sustainable campus environments, urging universities to implement outdoor projects that support learning, students’ interaction and ultimately foster sustainable environment.
Ikudayisi Ayodele Emmanuel,
Adegbehingbe Victor Olufemi,
Impact of Quality and Usage of Outdoor Spaces on Sustainable Campus Environment in Akure, Nigeria, American Journal of Environmental Protection.
Vol. 6, No. 5,
2017, pp. 105-111.
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
C. Boyoko, R. Cooper, C. Davey & A. Wootton (2006). Addressing sustainability early in the urban design process. Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, 17 (6): 689–706.
A. Sharifi (2015). From Garden City to Eco-urbanism: The quest for sustainable neighbourhood development. Sustainable Cities and Society, 20 (2016): 1–16. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2015.09.002
G. Davis and M. Wolski (2009). E-waste and the sustainable organisation: Griffith University’s approach to e-waste. Int. Journal Sustainable Higher Education, 10 (1): 21-32.
M. Z. Abd-Razak, N. Utaberta, and H. Aisyah Nur (2012). A Study of Students’ Perception on Sustainability of Campus Design: A Case Study of Four Research Universities Campus in Malaysia, Research Journal of Environmental and Earth Sciences, 4 (6): 646-657.
A. Unlu, E. Erincik, C. Fitnat, S. Mehmet, G. Ervin and M. Ashkan (2009). Interface of Indoor and Outdoor Space in Buildings A Syntactic Comparison of Architectural Schools in Istanbul Proceedings of the 7th International Space Syntax Symposium Edited by Daniel Koch, Lars Marcus and Jesper Steen, Stockhol 132 (1).
S. L. Johnson (2009). Improving the School Environment to Reduce School Violence: A Review of the Literature. Journal of School Health, 79 (10): 451-465.
C. Franklin, T. Durkin, and S. P. Schuh (2003). The role of the landscape in creating a sustainable campus. Planning. Higher Education, 31 (3): 142-149.
R. P. Dober (2012). Cited web resources on ‘Campus Planning’. Reinhold Publishing Corporation.
K. Lynch (1984). Good City Form. MIT Press, Cambridge.
E. Willie (1992), Quality: Achieving Excellence. London, UK: Century Business.
T. Smith, M. Nelischer, & N. Perkins (1997). Quality of an urban community: a framework for understanding the relationship between quality and physical form. Landscape and Urban Planning, (39): 229-241.
J. K, Adeyemi and V. O. Igbineweka (2000). “Sitting Space Utilization in Nigerian Universities: A case study of the University of Benin”. Journal of Teaching Education, 4 (1): 12-23.
J. Walton, M. Sweeney, & J. B. Fazio (2013). “how-to” guide to promoting sustainable campus landscapes. Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education AASHE.
J. A. Adedeji and J. A. Fadamiro (2015). Urban open space transition and management in Lagos, Nigeria. Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, 26 (6): 951-965. doi 10.1108/meq-05-2013-0051.
D. Aydin, and U. Ter (2008). Outdoor Space Quality: A Case Study of a University Campus Plaza. Archnet-IJAR, International Journal of Architectural Research, 2 (3): 189-203.
J. A., Adedeji, Y. O. Bello and J. A. Fadamiro (2011). Thermal Adaptation, Campus Greening and Outdoor Use in Lautech Campus, Ogbomoso, Nigeria. Journal of Architecture and Built Environment, 38 (2): 63-72.
R. M. Downs and S. David (1973). Image and Environment: Cognitive Mapping and Spatial Behaviour. Ed. Roger M. Downs and David Stea. Chicago: Aldine Press.
C. R. Kothari (2004). Research Methodology, Methods and Techniques, 2nd revised ed., New Age Techno Press, New Delhi.
S. A. Oladipo (2001). “Maintenance of School Plant: A Vital Strategy of achieving Efficiency in the Universal Basic Education Scheme”, African. Journal of Education Management, 9 (2): 185-195.
M. Al-Homoud, and N. Abu-Obeid (2003). University Outdoor Spatial Layout Effect on Perception Of Students’ Interaction And Group Seclusion. Journal of Architectural and Planning Research, 20 (3): 221-229.
C. McNeely, and C. Falci, (2004). School Connectedness and the Transition Into and Out of Health Risk Behaviour among Adolescents: A Comparison of Social Belonging and Teacher Support. Journal of School Health, 74 (7): 284-292.