Solid Waste Generation Rate and Management Practices in the Case of Chiro Town, West Hararghe Zone, Ethiopia
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 8, Issue 4, August 2019, Pages: 87-93
Received: Apr. 30, 2019; Accepted: Jul. 27, 2019; Published: Sep. 19, 2019
Views 70      Downloads 21
Authors
Najib Umer, College of Natural Resource and Environmental Science, Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
Gezu Shimelis, Institute of Land Administration, Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
Muhammedsultan Ahmed, Institute of Land Administration, Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
Tamirat Sema, Institute of Land Administration, Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
The current rapid increase in population together with expansion of the town is producing large volumes of wastes, which demand greater infrastructure, institutional setup and community participation for its management. However, most of solid wastes that generated are remaining uncollected and simply dumped at open space. This study focused on identifying the types of solid wastes, waste generation rates, management practices and municipal solid waste management service of Chiro town. The results were based on the data collected from sample respondents that drawn from three kebeles of the town, proportional to total households through simple random sampling techniques. The result revealed that the types of wastes produced by sample respondents were organic matter, plastic, paper and clipboard, metal and others wastes (ash, leather and e-waste). The average solid waste generation rate of the town is 0.304 kg/capita/day. In the town there is no recognized prepared place either for the waste collection or for final disposal. The common disposal places used by the community were ditch (44.95%), local field (20.7%), road side (24.2%), farm land (3.5%) and burning-burying (4.5%). Yet around 2% of the respondents do not know where the wastes come out of their home finally disposed to as they deliver it by informal waste pickers. Therefore, its top priority to prepare the dumping sites and establish institutional setup for proper handling of the waste in the town.
Keywords
Solid Waste, Waste Generation Rate, Management Practices, Chiro Town
To cite this article
Najib Umer, Gezu Shimelis, Muhammedsultan Ahmed, Tamirat Sema, Solid Waste Generation Rate and Management Practices in the Case of Chiro Town, West Hararghe Zone, Ethiopia, American Journal of Environmental Protection. Vol. 8, No. 4, 2019, pp. 87-93. doi: 10.11648/j.ajep.20190804.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
UN-Habitat. 2013. “State of the World’s Cities 2012/2013 Prosperity of Cities.” Nairobi: Routledge.
[2]
World Bank. 2014. “Results-Based Financing for Municipal Solid Waste.” Washington, DC.
[3]
World Bank. 2012. “What A Waste A Global Review of Solid Waste Management.” Washington, DC 20433 USA.
[4]
A. Rozenberg. 2013. “Municipal Solid Waste : Is It Garbage or Gold ?” 2013.
[5]
UN-HABITAT. 2010. “Solid Waste Management in the World's Cities.” London • Washington, DC: earthscan.
[6]
Medina, Martin. n.d. “Municipal Solid Waste Management in Third World Cities: Lessons Learned and a Proposal for Improvement.” Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS).
[7]
Fikreyesus, Daniel, Mika Turpeinen, Getane Gebre, Bayu Nebsu, and Mahlet Ermias. 2011. “Ethiopia Solid Waste & Landfill: Country Profile and Action Plan.”
[8]
Edwards, Sue. 2010. “Ethiopian Environment Review No. 1.” Addis Ababa: Forum for Environment.
[9]
Rajpal, Leena. 2002. “An Investigation Into Solid Waste Management Practices In Residential Areas The Case Of The Phoenix Township.” University of Durban Westville.
[10]
Dibaba, Ehite. 2017. “Assessing Municipal Waste Management in Ethiopia : Applying the Best Practices of the Finnish System.”
[11]
Tigabu, Tewodros, and Girma Semu. 2008. “Ethiopia: Addis Ababa Urban Profile.” Nairobi.
[12]
Cheru, Solomon. 2011. “Assessment of Municipal Solid Waste Management Service in Dessie Town.” Addis Ababa University.
[13]
Ad, Olabode. 2018. “Assessment of Waste Generation and Sanitation Strategies for Sustainable Environmental Management in Akungba-Akoko, Nigeria.” Journal of Waste Management and Disposal 1 (1).
[14]
Kassie, Koyachew Enkuahone. 2016. “The Problem of Solid Waste Management and People Awareness on Appropriate Solid Waste Disposal in Bahir Dar City : Amhara Region, Ethiopia” 3 (1): 1–8. https://doi.org/10.5897/ISAAB-JHE2016.0026.
[15]
Regassa, Nigatu, Rajan D Sundaraa, and Bizunesh Bogale Seboka. 2011. “Challenges and Opportunities in Municipal Solid Waste Management : The Case of Addis Ababa City, Central Ethiopia” 33 (3): 179–90.
[16]
Woldetsadik, Asefa Abahumna. 2017. “Practices of Solid Waste Management by Municipality and Community in Oromia Regional State of Ethiopia : A Case of Adama” 4 (1): 1–7.
[17]
Gedefaw, Mohammed. 2015. “Assessing The Current Status Of Solid Waste Management Of Gondar Town, Ethiopia” 4 (09): 28–36.
[18]
Mohammed, Ali, Eyasu Elias, Environmental Science, and Addis Ababa. 2017. “Solid Waste Management Environmental Impacts in Addis Ababa City” 4 (1): 194–203.
[19]
https://latitude.to/articles-by-country/et/ethiopia/183712/chiro-town
[20]
CSA, 2007. The 2007 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia.
[21]
Birhanu, Y., & Berisa, G. (2015). Assessment of Solid Waste Management Practices and the Role of Public Participation in Jigjiga Town, Somali Regional State, Ethiopia, 3 (5), 153–168. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijepp.20150305.16.
[22]
Desta, Hayal, Hailu Worku, and Aramde Fetene. 2014. “Assessment of the Contemporary Manicipal Solid Waste Management in Urban Environment: The Case of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.” Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 7 (2): 107–22. https://doi.org/10.3923/jest.2014.107.122.
[23]
Mekonnen, Dereje. 2017. “Assessing Potential and Characterizatio n of Solid Waste of Jimma Town.” Imperial Journal of Interdisciplinary Research 3 (8).
[24]
Kebede, Asmamaw, Tadesse Lelago, Takele Gezahegn, Tufa Kolola, and Wendwesen Dibekulu. 2017. “Household Solid Waste Generation Rate and Onsite Handling Practices in Debre Berhan Town, Ethiopia.” Science Journal of Public Health 5 (1): 31–34. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.sjph.20170501.14.
[25]
Goa, Endrias, and Solomon Sorsa Sota. 2017. “Generation Rate And Physical Composition of Solid Waste In Wolaita Sodo Town, Southern Ethiopia.” Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies & Management 10 (3): 415–26. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ejesm.v10i3.11.
[26]
Federal Negarit Gazeta. 2007. “Solid Waste Management Proclamation.” No. 513/2007, 2007.
[27]
USAID. 2014. Sector Environmental Guidelines: Solid Waste Generartion, Handling, Treatment and Disposal.
[28]
Mihai, Florin-constantin. 2015. “Spatial Distribution of Rural Dumpsites Parameters in Romania.” Bollettino Della Associazione Italiana Di Cartografia, no. 154: 93–101. https://doi.org/10.13137/2282-472X/11830.
[29]
WHO. 2000. “Health Ystems: Improving Performance.” Geneva.
[30]
United Nations (no date) ‘Transforming our world: the 2030 agenda for sustainable development’.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186