Degradation of the River Channel Righ by Sewage and Contamination of Groundwater Nearby: Decline of Palm in the East Northern Sahara of Algeria
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 3, Issue 6-1, December 2014, Pages: 9-13
Received: Aug. 7, 2014; Accepted: Aug. 11, 2014; Published: Aug. 20, 2014
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Author
Benguergoura Laradj Samia, Department of Process Engineering, Faculty of Science, University Saad Dahlab Blida, 9000, Algeria
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Abstract
About 150 km along the ancient river channel Righ evacuates water leaching to chott Melghir 50 oasis. Since the eighties, water surpluses caused by discharges of urban wastewater and drainage water, caused the rise of the water table, causing an imbalance in the valley until sterilization of agricultural soils surrounding palm. Our study has shown that the waters of the collecting duct are of very poor quality, very hard , very high salinity ( C5 class ) , electrical conductivity up to 26300 ms / cm, SAR > 28 (S4 class ), a value of TDS(Total Disolved Sodium) up to 20 g / l , levels of high COD (Chemical oxygen demand)and suspended solids TSS . So mostly canal water is of very poor quality, loaded with minerals, it is a brackish facies chlorinated sodium.
Keywords
Canal, Decline, Water Pollution, Palmeraie, Oued Righ
To cite this article
Benguergoura Laradj Samia, Degradation of the River Channel Righ by Sewage and Contamination of Groundwater Nearby: Decline of Palm in the East Northern Sahara of Algeria, American Journal of Environmental Protection. Special Issue: Environmental Degradation. Vol. 3, No. 6-1, 2014, pp. 9-13. doi: 10.11648/j.ajep.s.2014030601.12
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