Quantitative Assessment of Permissible Loads on Georgia’s Soil
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 4, Issue 3-1, May 2015, Pages: 29-33
Received: Feb. 26, 2015; Accepted: Feb. 26, 2015; Published: Jun. 25, 2015
Views 2954      Downloads 55
Authors
David Kereselidze, Department of Hydrometeorology, Faculty of Exact & Natural Sciences, Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Lia Matchavariani, Department of Soil Geography, Faculty of Exact & Natural Sciences, Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Vazha Trapaidze, Department of Hydrometeorology, Faculty of Exact & Natural Sciences, Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Lamzira Lagidze, Department of Nature Use Management, Faculty of Exact & Natural Sciences, Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
David Svanadze, Department of Geography, Faculty of Exact & Natural Sciences, Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Giorgi Bregvadze, Department of Hydrometeorology, Faculty of Exact & Natural Sciences, Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Zaal Gulashvili, Department of Hydrometeorology, Faculty of Exact & Natural Sciences, Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Environment, including different types of soils, is permanently influenced by human activity, natural and technogenic disasters, etc. These influences weaken stability of ecosystems, landscapes, soils, especially in the case when these influences exceed the value of the maximum permissible standard. Every natural effect causes weakening of soil stability. That’s why it is important to know the values of the lads, which cause failure of proper functioning of soils. At present averaged values of observation data are considered as maximum permissible norms of different loads on soils. In the meantime, actual indices of soil loads are stipulated by many variable factors. Existing standards of permissible loads on soil don’t meet requirements, which provide proper functioning. Additional demands, related through time to operating conditions and probabilistic-statistical characterizing of factors causing processes of soil degradation in time, must be raised upon actual standards. Absence of scientifically substantiated permissible load norms is a reason of soil erosion that as the final result leads to land depopulation and loss of ethno-cultural traditions. That’s why in the given work take into account factors, which cause regulatory values of parameters of soil loads. Time of possible loss, fertility to the marginal degradation was calculated for all main types of Georgia’s soils.
Keywords
Loss Fertility, Soils, Calculation, Georgia
To cite this article
David Kereselidze, Lia Matchavariani, Vazha Trapaidze, Lamzira Lagidze, David Svanadze, Giorgi Bregvadze, Zaal Gulashvili, Quantitative Assessment of Permissible Loads on Georgia’s Soil, American Journal of Environmental Protection. Special Issue:Applied Ecology: Problems, Innovations. Vol. 4, No. 3-1, 2015, pp. 29-33. doi: 10.11648/j.ajep.s.2015040301.15
References
[1]
A.G. Bondarev, I.B. Kuznetsov, Problems of degradation of physical properties of soils in Russia and ways of their solution, Eurasian Soil Science, №9, 1999, 1126-1131.
[2]
G.B. Dobrovolsky, U.D. Nikitin, Soil function in biosphere and ecosystems, M. Nauka, 1990, 260.
[3]
B.A. Zimovets, N.B. Khitrov, G.N. Kochetkova, N.P. Chizhikova, Assessment of degradation of irrigated soils, Eurasian Soil Science, №9, 1998, 1119-1126.
[4]
B.A.Zimovets, Ecology and melioration of soils of dry steppe zone, V.V. Dokuchaev Institute of Soils, Мoscow, 1991, 249.
[5]
D.N. Kereselidze, L.G. Маchavariani, B.B. Каlandadze, V.Z. Trapaidze, Permissible rates of Georgian soil losses during erosions, Eurasian Soil Science, №4, 2013, 438-446
[6]
M.S. Kuznetsov, G.P. Glazunov, Erosion and soil protection, Moscow, MSU Publishing House, 1991, 334.
[7]
A.N. Kоlmogorov, On analytical method in the theory of probability, Successes of mathematical sciences, Issue 5, 1938.
[8]
I. Likesh, I. Lyacha, Basic tables of mathematical statistics, Finansy i Statistika (Finances and Statistics), Moscow, 1985, 356.
[9]
Ts.E. Mirtskhulava, Quantitative assessment of maximum permissible landscape loads, Bulletins of RAS, Geographic Series, Мoscow, №3, 2001, 68-74.
[10]
Ts.E. Mirtskhulava, Soil degradation and ways of forecasting of undesirable conditions during irrigation, Eurasian Soil Science, № 12, 2001, 1503-1510.
[11]
Ts.E. Mirtskhulava, Hazards and risks in some water and other systems, Tbilisi, Nauka (Science), 2003, 540.
[12]
Ts.E. Mirtskhulava, Environmental disturbance (forecasting of disturbance risk), Measures on its reduction, Institute of Hydroecology of GNAS, Tbilisi, 1993, 438.
[13]
L.L. Sveshnikov, Applied methods of theory of random functions, M. Nauka, 1968, 512.
[14]
S.B. Pogrebinsky, V.P. Strelnikov, Designing and reliability of multiprocessor computers, М. Radio i svyaz (Radio and communication), 1998, 168.
[15]
N.A. Tolokontsev, Calculation of mean square deviation, Procceedings of the third meeting on application of mathematical methods in biology, Publishing house of Leningrad University, Leningrad, 1961, 83- 93
[16]
R.P.C. Morgan, Soil Erosion and Conservation, Blackwell Publishing, USA, 2005, 304.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
548 FASHION AVENUE
NEW YORK, NY 10018
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-688-8931