Changes of Georgian Mountainous Rivers Water Flows, Problems and Recommendations
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 4, Issue 3-1, May 2015, Pages: 38-43
Received: Apr. 2, 2015; Accepted: Apr. 7, 2015; Published: Jun. 25, 2015
Views 2034      Downloads 39
Author
Tsisana Basilashvili, Institute of Hydrometeorology, Georgian Technical University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
As a result of Global warming the Caucasus glaciers increasingly start melting, which in its turn leads to the higher water flows and disasters. While in drier regions evaporation increases, the water levels in the rivers decrease and the crops dwindle. In the long run, some of the glaciers will disappear, which will have a negative impact on water resources, water supply will lower and the country’s economic development will be halted. For increasing water resources, reforestation is a solution as forests play a vital and regulating role for superficial and underground water supplies. Forests enhance the quality of water and increase its supply and discharge. Forests strengthen the soil and prevent erosion, landslides, high water flows, floods and avalanches. Thus, the more forests the less negative consequences. In agricultural lands, forests are needed to protect vegetation and soil from emaciating and drying. In the dry climate regions water reservoirs must be built in the terrains which permit to do so, which will resist to serious water flows, mitigate the consequences of disaster and supply water to farms and population during the dry spells. For protecting river waters from the elements, for their rational utilization and effective and safe exploitation having forecasts of water flows is vital. In East Georgia work to increase rainfall artificially should be restored, which in its turn will protect the region from hail. For obtaining technical water technologies for turning salty sea water into fresh one should be utilized.
Keywords
multi-year dynamics, water resources, forest
To cite this article
Tsisana Basilashvili, Changes of Georgian Mountainous Rivers Water Flows, Problems and Recommendations, American Journal of Environmental Protection. Special Issue:Applied Ecology: Problems, Innovations. Vol. 4, No. 3-1, 2015, pp. 38-43. doi: 10.11648/j.ajep.s.2015040301.17
References
[1]
L. Douglas and A.Johnson, “Laurence Levis Land Degradation: Creation and Destruction” 2007, 303 p.
[2]
G. Metrevely, N. Tsivtsivadze, M. Goginava, R. Diasamidze and M. Beridze” New approaches of the World Ocean level series analysis” Advanced Problems in Geophysics, Tbilisi, 2014, pp. 226–229.
[3]
O.P. Sosnovskaya, “Evaluation of Fresh Water Ecosystems State”, Geography: Science and Education Problems, St-Petersburg, 2011, pp. 140-142.
[4]
Wei-Hua Guo, Bo Li, Xin-Shi Zhang and Ren-Qing Wang, “Water Balance in Soil-Plant-Atmosphere-Continum (Spac) and Garagana Intermedia”, Environment and Ecology in the Mediterranean Region, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, UK, 2012, pp. 261-270.
[5]
“Water Resources of TransCaucasia”, edited by G. Svanidze and V. Tsomaia, Hydrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1988, 264 p.
[6]
G. Svanidze and G. Khmaladze, “Freshets and Floods”, Hazardous Hydrometeorological Phenomena in Caucasus, Hydrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1983, pp. 191-210.
[7]
Ts. Basilashvili, M. Salukvadze, V. Tsomaia and G. Kherkheulidze, “Catastrophic of Flooding, Mudflow and Avalanches in Georgia and their Safety”, Publishing House “Technical University”, Tbilisi, 2012, 244 p.
[8]
Georgia’s Second National Communication to the UNFCCC, Tbilisi, 2009, 230 p.
[9]
Ts. Basilashvili, J. Tabatadze and M. Janelidze, “River Water Regulation under Modern Climate Change Conditions”, Environment and Ecology in the Mediterranean Region, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, UK, 2012, pp. 347-352.
[10]
Ts. Basilashvili, “Multifactorial Statistical Methodology for Forecasting Floods-High Water Flows”, Publishing House “Technical University”, Tbilisi, 2013, 180 p.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
548 FASHION AVENUE
NEW YORK, NY 10018
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-688-8931