Peculiarities of Development of Phytoplankton as an Indicator of the Ecological State in Modern Hydrochemical Conditions of Masrik River
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 4, Issue 3-1, May 2015, Pages: 44-50
Received: Mar. 19, 2015;
Accepted: Mar. 22, 2015;
Published: Jun. 25, 2015
Views 2506 Downloads 73
Hambaryan L. R., Department of Ecology and Nature Protection, Yerevan State University, Yerevan, Armenia
Nalbandyan M. A., Institute of Geological Sciences of the NAS Yerevan, Armenia
Poghosyan A. M., Institute of Geological Sciences of the NAS Yerevan, Armenia
Follow on us
This paper is related to the study of hydrochemical characteristics and the phytoplankton of the river Masrik. For planktonic study, algae were selected from 3 sampling sites: two from tributaries of the river and one from the river Masrik. Hydrochemical monitoring includes 9 sampling points. The study includes the spring of 2014 and the summer of 2013. According to the hydrochemical research of water, the pH ranged from 6.5-7.3. In 2014, the pH was lower compared with the spring of the previous year. Among tested anions, in some areas, relatively high level of sulfates were reached 80 -120 mg /L. Total hardness ranged from 0,6-5,6 mg-eqv /L, and the total mineralization - was ranged from 60 to 430 mg /L. Studies of heavy metals revealed a relatively high content of lead, nickel and chromium in water. Visual assessment revealed a significant organic pollution of Masrik river, which confirmed by high levels of BOD5 in water in 2014. In Masrik river mainly 3 groups of algae were detected: diatoms, green and blue-green. Dominant group was diatoms. Dominated types of algae were β-mezosaprobs (about 53%), which indicated the average level of organic pollution of the river. As a part of the green algae Spirogira sp. was found. The maximum number of phytoplankton in the investigated areas was 16,854,000 cells / L, and the biomass was 162g /m3, the minimum rates - respectively 464 000 cells /l in and 2.8 g/m3 for biomass. In water samples well developed whorls algae of the genus Chara were found, which presence indicates anthropogenic pollution. Thus, in a more acidic environment, the presence of high levels of organic pollution creates favorable conditions for the growth and development not only phytoplankton such as algae, but also for macrophytes, which indicates the reduction of ecological status of rivers.
Ecological Monitoring, Water Quality, Saprobity, Phytoplankton, Hydrochemical Characteristics
To cite this article
Hambaryan L. R.,
Nalbandyan M. A.,
Poghosyan A. M.,
Peculiarities of Development of Phytoplankton as an Indicator of the Ecological State in Modern Hydrochemical Conditions of Masrik River, American Journal of Environmental Protection. Special Issue: Applied Ecology: Problems, Innovations.
Vol. 4, No. 3-1,
2015, pp. 44-50.
Standards of maximum permissible concentrations that often can be found in natural waters of chemicals and substances of human origin. Approved by the Ministry of Health of RA and registered by the Ministry of Justice of RA, 2002 (In Russian).
Norms for assurance of river water quality for each river basin, depends on peculiarities of the area. The government decision of RA. 27.01.2011(In Armenian)
Guidelines for collecting and processing of materials in hydrobiological studies on freshwater bodies. Phytoplankton and its products. Leningrad, 1981. (In Russian)
Kiselev I. A. The study of plankton of water bodies, 1950. (In Russian)
Zabelina, M. M., Kiselev I. A., Proshkina-Lavrenko A. I., Sheshukova V. S., Identification Book of Freshwater Algae of the Soviet Union, Diatoms. SovetskayaNauka, Moskva. 1951 (In Russian)
Hambaryan L., Shahasizyan I. Freshwater algae families determinant, Yerevan, 2014,YSU published, 61p.
Makovinska Y. Manual for quantitive and qualitive monitoring of freshwater ecosystems phytoplankton community, 2013, 103 p. (In Russian)
Standardized methods for studying water quality. Part III. Methods of biological water analysis. Appendix 2: Atlas of saprobic organisms. Moscow, Sekretariat SEV, 1977. 228 p. (In Russian)
Evaluation of nowadays natural contamination of Sevan Lake basin from Sotq ore deposit. Determination of natural background on the land and in the lake basin. Institute of Geological Sciences NAS RA and scientific research company Georisk. Final report. Contract YE 013/08. Yerevan 2008, p. 48 (In Armenian)
Assessment of the impact of the planned processing plant and mining tails on the environment in the basin of Lake Sevan. Institute of Geological Sciences of Armenia. Final Report. Contract GPMG 007/09. Yerevan, 2009, 55p.
Hambaryan L. et al. Heavy metal pollution of the catchment basins of the Voghchi and Meghriget rivers (Armenia) and risks to the environment associated with water pollution. Academic journal of science. 2013, CD-ROM. ISSN: 2165 – 6282: 2(2): 255-268.
Hovhannisyan R.H. Book “Lake Sevan, yesterday, today…..”. – Yerevan: Press of NAS RA, 1994, 479 pp.
Hambaryan L., Hovsepyan A., Khachikyan T. Influence of Lake Sevan catchment basin phytoplankton community structure on the same of the lake. Regional workshop on “Sustainable Management of Water Resources and Conservation of Mountain Lake Ecosystem of Asian Countries”, Yerevan, Armenia, 25-29 June, 2014, pp.102-112
Barinova S.S., Medvedev L.A., Anisimov O.V. Algae biodiversity indicators of environment. - Tel Aviv, 2006. - 498 p (In Russian)
Nikanorov A.M. Scientific bases of water quality monitoring, S-Peterburg, 2005, pp.367-372. (In Russian)
Oswald W.J. Microalgae and waste water treatment. In: Borowitzka M.A., Borowitzka L.J (eds) Microalgae biotechnology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1998, pp. 691-707