Natural-Geographical Zoning and Geo-Ecologiacal Problems of Georgia’s Black Sea Coas
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 4, Issue 3-1, May 2015, Pages: 58-66
Received: Mar. 5, 2015;
Accepted: Mar. 5, 2015;
Published: Jun. 25, 2015
Views 2692 Downloads 70
Melor Alpenidze, Sokhumi State University, Department of Geography, Tbilisi, Georgia
Zurab Seperteladze, Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Department of Geography,Tbilisi, Georgia
Eter Davitaia, Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Department of Geography,Tbilisi, Georgia
George Gaprindashvili, National Environmental Agency, Department of Geology, Tbilisi, Georgia
Tamar Aleksidze, Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Department of Geography,Tbilisi, Georgia
The region’s natural geographic zones meant detection and mapping of Geo-complexes of Identified taxonomic rank. Geo-complexes - Individual territorial units differ from one another by natural conditions, landscapes hypsometry location and their spatial distribution, geo-ecological problems, shape and scale of anthropogenic impacts and extent of the character and quality of agriculture. Interest of Geo-ecological problem of the Region is caused by Black Sea (within Georgia) coast nature use process, utilization of the dynamic equilibrium potential faults. Negative changes in the functioning of natural systems and the disorder lead to unwanted changes. Possible solution to the problem of ecological science and environmental components geo-complexes scientific studies based on geographical and ecological aspects of the current state estimates, analysis and forecasts. Research object: Black Sea coastal zone – the eve of the land and sea include three geomorphological elements: coastline, beach and underwater slope. It is obvious that the acute deficit of sediment to the main geo-ecological problem even worse by strong anthropogenic pressure, which in turn is connected with the region’s natural resource potential (Resort-recreational, Balneology, mineral). Studies found that the magnitude of the loads exceeded the scale of anthropogenic and natural coastline of the permitted limits, contradicts the condition of the natural environment, focused on the conflict situation and the creation of an entirely new type of anthropogenic landscapes (aquatic, technogenic, recreational) towards development. Sea landscapes of natural conditions and ecological problems in the development of mixed-mode based on the detailed study was made possibility of natural-geographical zoning.
Natural-Geographical Zoning and Geo-Ecologiacal Problems of Georgia’s Black Sea Coas, American Journal of Environmental Protection. Special Issue: Applied Ecology: Problems, Innovations.
Vol. 4, No. 3-1,
2015, pp. 58-66.
M. Alpenidze, Z. Seperteladze and E. Davitaia (2013) Landscape and environmental problems nature manajement Black Sea Coast Kolkhida (the effects, perspective). I International Conference “Kolkheti Lowland Water Ecosystems – Protection and Efficient Use”, Workbook, pp. 132-135.
M. Alpenidze and Z. Lomtatidze Black Sea: Abiotioc and Biotic process dynamic. Abiotic Factors. Part 1. Apkhazeti National Academy of Sciences, Tbilisi, 2011, pp. 235.
N. Dunaev The contribution of recent tectonics in the state of the sea coast. In the coll. Seashores - evolution, ecology, economy. Proceedings of XXIV International Coast Conference. Tuapse, 1-6 X, 2012, pp. 152-155.
N. Fokina. Anthropogenic factors abrasion processes. In: Construction and technological safety. Vol. 15-16, Simferopol, 2006, pp. 138-142.
Kolkhida lowland: Scientific background and development. Moscow, 1990, -248 p.
M. Alpenidze and G. Lominadze. Where and How should built Port in Anaklia "Georgia and World" # 21 (256), 11-17 June, Tbilisi, 2014, pp. 18-19http://www.geworld.ge/View.php? Artid=5966&lang=ge
V. Zenkovich. Research of the coastal zone of the Black Sea within Georgia. Proc: Natural foundations coastal protection. // under. Ed. V. P Zenkovich, E.I Ignatov, S.A. Lukyanova. "Nauka", Moscow, 1987, pp. 45-51
M. Alpenidze, Z. Seperteladze and E. Davitaia Black Sea rational nature landscape-ecological research and regulation-management of anthropogenic processes (on example of Georgia). Collected papers: "Current Problems of Mountainous Regions Geography", Tbilisi, 2008, pp. 329-341.
M. Alpenidze and E. Davitaia Kolkheti Black Sea rational nature use regional and geographical issues. "Science and Modernity", Tbilisi, Science, 2003, pp. 135-142.
G. Russo and S. Khorava. Coastal zone protection with artificial beaches (Kobulety city, Georgia) http://coruna.coastdyn.ru/iccal/pub/ russo.pdf;
M. Alpenidze. Latest developments of Sukhumi district coastline. Msg. ANGSSR, Volume 90, № 2, Tbilisi, 1978, pp. 397-399.
M. Alpenidze. Features of Sukhumi district. Geomorphology, Moscow, № 3, 1983, pp. 56-61.
V. Menshikov, V. Peshkov and M. Alpenidze Some structural features of submarine canyons in the area of Cape Sukhumi. Msg. Academy of Sciences of the Georgian SSR, 95, № 3, Tbilisi, 1979, pp. 637-640.
I. Voronov about dynamics of the coast of Sukhumi Bay in historic times. - In Proc. Of young scientists - historians of Abkhazia. Sukhumi, “Alashara”, 1974, pp. 24-38.
Sh. Jaoshvili Black Sea Rivers. European Agency for Environmental Protection. Tbilisi, 2003, - 186 p.
G. Lominadze, N. Megreli and G. Russo. Change of Black Sea coastal area (central part of Kolkhida, 1976-2002) under influence of man-induced factors. Change of Environment at the Turn of the Millennium. Proceedings of International Internet Conference. Tbilisi-Moscow, 2006, pp. 133-139.
V. Zenkovich. Expected changes in the north sea coast of Kolkheti. Academy of Sciences of the Georgian SSR 83, №3, Tbilisi, 1976, pp. 637-640.
M. Alpenidze. Bottom power long shore sediment. Geomorphology, № 2, Moscow, 1985, pp. 65-70.
M. Alpenidze. Formation and development of Sukhumi alluvial plain. Geography and modern environmental problems // Proceedings E-Conference (25 May - 25 June), Tbilisi: SGU, 2014, pp. 75-91.
V. Zenkovich. From foreign experience marine coastal protection. Proc.: Natural foundations coastal protection. "Nauka", Moscow, 1987, pp. 149-153.
A. Peshkov. Artificial pebble beaches in the marine coastal protection. USSR Academy of Sciences. The Commission on the World Ocean. Nauka, Moscow, 1987, pp. 165-171.
Sh. Jaoshvili What may happen to the Adjarian Coast after construction of the Dams on the Chorokhi river. 2000, http://www.cenn.org/ Magazine1/Magazine3/whatmayhappenrus.html
M. Orlova. Sea coast of the Crimea as a resource for recreation (on example of the coast of Zap. Crimea). Author. Dissertation of candidate of Geographical Science, Moscow, 2010, 26 p.
A. Kiknadze. Application of the method to the lithological study of the dynamics of the coastal zone (on example of the Black Sea coast). Dissertation of candidate of Geographical Science, Moscow State University, 1970, -17 p.
A. Kiknadze. Dynamical systems and sediment budget along the Black Sea coast of Georgia. Proc.: Man and the environment, Sukhumi, “Alashara”, 1977, pp. 59-67.