American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 4, Issue 3-1, May 2015, Pages: 157-161
Received: Apr. 27, 2015;
Accepted: Apr. 28, 2015;
Published: Jun. 25, 2015
Views 2598 Downloads 58
Lia Matchavariani, Department of Soil Geography, Faculty of Exact & Natural Sciences, Iv Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Dali Nikolaishvili, Department of Geomorphology & Cartography, Faculty of Exact & Natural Sciences, Iv Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Ferruginization as one of the most characteristic processes in soils of Georgia, has been investigated both qualitatively and quantitatively mainly micropedologically, by polarizing microscopy on thin sections. A study was undertaken to determine some of pedological factors affecting the genesis of Fe-formations in soils series of West and East Georgia. This process is diagnosed by the presence of different forms of ferrous formations, concentration level or iron crystallization, ferruginized micro-zones of plasma impregnation with ferric hydroxides, etc. A map showing the distribution of the ferrugination process in the soils of Georgia was created.
Forms and Extent of Ferrugination in Soils of Georgia, American Journal of Environmental Protection. Special Issue: Applied Ecology: Problems, Innovations.
Vol. 4, No. 3-1,
2015, pp. 157-161.
Buol S.W., Southard R.J., Graham R.C. and McDaniel P.A. Soil Genesis and Classification. ISBN 0-8138-2873-2. 5th Edition. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State Press, A Blackwell Pub. Co., 2003, 494 p.
Latrille C., Elsassb F., Oort F.Van, Denaix L. Physical speciation of trace metals in Fe–Mn concretions from a rendzic lithosol developed on Sinemurian limestones (France). Geoderma, Elsevier, vol. 100, issues 1-2, 2001, pp. 127–146
Gasparatos D.. Fe–Mn Concretions and Nodules to Sequester Heavy Metals in Soils. Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World, Springer, 2012, pp 443-474
Gasparatos D. , Haidouti C. , Tarenidis D. Characterization of iron oxides in Fe-rich concretions from an imperfectly-drained Greek soil: a study by selective-dissolution techniques and X-ray diffraction. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, vol. 50, issue 4-5, 2004, pp. 485-493
Jokova M., Kerchev G., Dilkova R. Relation between Waterlogging Degree and Behaviour of Mn and Fe Extractable Compounds along Depth of Textural Differ¬rentiated soils. Почвознан., агрохим. и екол. (болг.), 2000, 35, №5, p.24-30
Matchavariani L.G. Morphogenetic Typification of Concretions in Subtropical Podzolic Soils of Georgia. Eurasian Soil Science, Springer, ISSN: 1064-2293, 2005, vol. 38, #11, 1161-1172
Matchavariani L.G., Geographic Paradigms of the Microfabrics of Major Soils of Georgia, Universal, Tbilisi, 2008, 300 p.
Kubiena W. Micromorphological Features of Soil Geography. New Brun¬s¬wick, New Jersey, 1970
Stoops G. The “Fabric” of soil micromorphological research in the 20th century – A bibliometric analysis. Geoderma, 2014 - Elsevier. Volume 213, January 2014, 193-202
Stoops G. Evaluation of Kubiëna's contribution to micropedology. At the occasion of the seventieth anniversary of his book “Micropedology”. Eurasian Soil Science, vol.42, #6, 2009, Springer, 693-698
Jahn R., Blume H.-P., Asio V.B. Students Guide for Soil Description, Soil Classfiication, and Site Evaluation. Halle, 2003.
Bullock P., Fedoroff N., Jongerius A., Stoops G., Tursina T. Handbook for Soil Thin Section Des¬c¬ri¬ption. Waine Research Pub¬li¬s¬hing, Wolverhampton, Albrigton, UK, 1985
FitzPatrick E.A. Micromorphology of Soils. Chapman and Hall, London, 1984
World reference base for soil resources. FAO UN, World Soil Resources Reports – 103, Rome, 2006, 128 p.