Resources and Threats of the Eco-Tourism Development in Georgia
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 4, Issue 3-1, May 2015, Pages: 180-185
Received: Mar. 11, 2015; Accepted: Mar. 11, 2015; Published: Jun. 25, 2015
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Authors
Giorgi Khomeriki, Vakhushti Bagrationi Institute of Geography at Iv.Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Giorgi Meladze, Dep. of Geography, Iv. Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
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Abstract
Ecological tourism can play a certain role in solving the problems of environment protection and sustainable and safe development of the country. The article considers some specific problems of the eco-tourism development in Georgia. The results of the study of the tourism potential in the regions in 2009-2014 revealed that: Georgia has substantial means to develop eco-tourism. This is true not only for the protected areas, but also for individual natural and geographical areas of the different regions (historical areas) of the country. The distinctive feature of the country’s eco-tourism potential is particularly diversified relief forms and natural eco-systems, in particular, intense variation of the landscapes and great contrasts between them (seaside and mountain, humid subtropical and arid zone, river gorges and steppe landscapes alternate over small areas), widely distributed endemic biological species, and traditional ethnographic, farming and domestic cultural forms survived in the historical regions (mostly in the mountains) of the country. The principal eco-tourism value is the natural eco-systems being only insignificantly modified due to industrial changes and maintaining their “natural originality”. In addition, numerous remnants of historical and cultural heritage give them a certain value. They naturally merge with the environment and not dominate over it, but add to its beauty. The threats to the environment are mostly associated with an increasing anthropogenic “aggression”, destruction of the traditional mode of nature management meaning certain degree of responsibility and deficient environmental laws and mechanisms of their execution. The problem is further aggravated by the fact that due to the limited territories, the eco-systems of the country are particularly sensitive to technogenic pressure. Concrete eco-tourism projects must inevitably envisage preliminary geo-ecological works.
Keywords
Eco-Tourism, Resources, Threats, Visitors, Georgia
To cite this article
Giorgi Khomeriki, Giorgi Meladze, Resources and Threats of the Eco-Tourism Development in Georgia, American Journal of Environmental Protection. Special Issue:Applied Ecology: Problems, Innovations. Vol. 4, No. 3-1, 2015, pp. 180-185. doi: 10.11648/j.ajep.s.2015040301.38
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