Production and Fuel Properties of Biodiesel from Gingerbread Plum (Parinari macrophylla) Seed Oil Using MgO/Al2O3 Catalyst
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2016, Pages: 128-133
Received: Jun. 5, 2016; Accepted: Jun. 17, 2016; Published: Sep. 12, 2016
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Authors
Muhammad Mukhtar, Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria
Musa Usman Dabai, Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria
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Abstract
Increase in environmental pollution due fossil fuel exhaust emissions coupled with petroleum fuel depletion leads to search for the alternative green sources of energy. In views of this, methanolysis of gingerbread plum (Parinari macrophylla) seed oil had been carried out using 5wt.% MgO/Al2O3 catalyst to produce biodiesel and assess its fuel quality as a source of green energy. The results produced a biodiesel with 97% yields, 0.60g/cm3 density, 0.42% water and sediment content, 0.45mg/KOH acid value, 84.20mg/KOH saponification value, 75mg I2/100g Iodine value, 94.24 Cetane index and high heating value of 49MJ/Kg. The GC/MS results indicated the presence of methyl-9-octadecenoate, methyl-12-octadecenoate, methyl-hexadecanoate esters, octadecanoic and oleic acids. The methyl ester biodiesel produced therefore, promises to be a viable source of green energy for future use.
Keywords
Parinari Macrophylla Seed Oil, Biodiesel and Transesterification
To cite this article
Muhammad Mukhtar, Musa Usman Dabai, Production and Fuel Properties of Biodiesel from Gingerbread Plum (Parinari macrophylla) Seed Oil Using MgO/Al2O3 Catalyst, American Journal of Environmental Protection. Vol. 5, No. 5, 2016, pp. 128-133. doi: 10.11648/j.ajep.20160505.14
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Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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