Thermal Properties of (Na0.6K0.4)NO3 Thermal Storage System in the Solid-Solid Phase
International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering
Volume 5, Issue 2, April 2016, Pages: 34-38
Received: Feb. 22, 2016; Accepted: Mar. 6, 2016; Published: Mar. 29, 2016
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Authors
Halima Ibrahim ElSaeedy, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science for Girls, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
Maryam Ayidh Saad Al Shahrani, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science for Girls, Bisha University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
Karam Fathy Abd El-Rahman, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science for Girls, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
Sayed Taha Mohamed Hassan, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
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Abstract
The thermal behaviour for the DTA, DSC and TGA measurements have been carried on the solid phase transformation for the binary eutectic mixture of 60 wt% sodium nitrate (NaNO3) and 40 wt% potassium nitrate (KNO3). Thermal energy storage materials are important for the technology that is applied to reduce cost solar thermal power generation. The NaNO3-KNO3 system is a binary inorganic salt system and it is one of the most promising thermal storage materials. The methods are based on the principle that a change in the physical state of a material is accompanied by the liberation or absorption of heat. The various techniques of thermal analysis are designed for the determination of the enthalpy accompanying the changes in the physical properties of the material. The thermal measurements showed a reversible phase transition at ~114°C during heating process and at ~108°C during cooling process. It has been shown also the presence of thermal hysteresis during this transformation with a magnitude of the hysteresis temperature ~8°C. The thermogravimetery analysis (TGA) indicated that the eutectic system (Na0.6K0.4)NO3 is thermally stable up to the melting point at ≅225°C. This means that the sample under study is structurally stable. DTA measurements were also carried out for the sample at different heating rates of (2, 5, 10, 15 and 20°C/min). Some thermal parameters such as the transition point, enthalpy and the activation energy for the transformation process were estimated at each heating rate. It has been also shown that these parameters are affected by the heating rate. The noticeable effect of heating rate on the thermal parameters means that the heating rate is a main factor to change the thermal interaction potential of the Na and K atoms around the nitrate group (NO3-) during the phase conversion for the eutectic (Na0.6K0.4)NO3 system.
Keywords
Phase Change Material, Thermal Storage, Calorimetry
To cite this article
Halima Ibrahim ElSaeedy, Maryam Ayidh Saad Al Shahrani, Karam Fathy Abd El-Rahman, Sayed Taha Mohamed Hassan, Thermal Properties of (Na0.6K0.4)NO3 Thermal Storage System in the Solid-Solid Phase, International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2016, pp. 34-38. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepe.20160502.12
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Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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