Conceptual Framework of a Solar PV Based High Voltage Battery Charging Strategyfor PHEVs and Evs
With the emergence of plugin hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and electric vehicles (EVs) in the automotive market, the rate of the demand for electric power supply may be higher than the projected level. Distributed power generation is a feasible solution to balance the demand and supply of the power industry. In this work, a conceptual model of a solar photovoltaic (PV) based distributed generation system is proposed for charging the PHEVs and EVs. Outline of the overall system is developed with details of the background and feasibility analysis through hardware in the loop experiment of the proposed strategy.
Mohammad Saad Alam,
Conceptual Framework of a Solar PV Based High Voltage Battery Charging Strategyfor PHEVs and Evs, American Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems.
Vol. 2, No. 6,
2013, pp. 137-143.
M. Shahidehpour, H. Yamin and Z.Y. Li, "Market Operations in Electric Power Systems," John Wiley &Sons, Inc., New York, 2002.
S.M. Amin, "U.S. grid gets less reliable [The Data],"IEEE Spectrum vol. 48, Issue: 1, 2011.
Escudero-Garzás et al, "Fair Design of Plug-in Electric VehiclesAggregator for V2G Regulation,"IEEE Transactions On Vehicular Technology, vol. 61, no. 8, Oct. 2012 , pp. 3406-3419.
TJ McCue, "Electric-Drive Vehicle Sales Forecast at 3.8 Million Annually." http://evworld.com/news.cfm?newsid=29463 accessed April 2013
J. Paserba, P. Kundur, "Guest editorial - Power grid blackouts remembering and fighting grid failures," IEEE Power and Energy Magazine, vol. 4, Issue: 5, pp. 16-21,2006.
S. M. Amin and B. F. Wollenberg, "Toward a smart grid: Power deliveryfor the 21st century," IEEE Power and Energy Magazine, vol. 3, No. 5, pp. 34-4, 2005.
H. Lund, "Large-scale integration of optimal combinations of PV, wind and wave power into the electricity supply," J. of Renewable Energy Vol. 31 ,2006, pp: 503–515.
N. Watrin, R. Roche, H.Ostermann,B. Blunier, and A. Miraoui, "Multi physical Lithium-Based Battery Model for Use in State-of-Charge Determination,"IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 61, no. 8, Oct. 2012, pp.3420-3429.
R. Castro, R. E. Araújo, J. P. F. Trovão, P. G. Pereirinha, P. Melo, and D. Freitas, "Robust DC-Link Control in EVs With MultipleEnergy Storage Systems," IEEE Transactions On Vehicular Technology, vol. 61, no. 8, Oct. 2012, pp. 3553-3565.
GByeon et al, "Energy Management Strategy of the DC Distribution System in Buildings Using the EV Service Model," IEEE Transactions On Power Electronics, vol. 28, no. 4, April 2013, pp.1544-1554.
SAEJ1772, SAE Electric Vehicle and Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Conductive Charge Coupler, published 10/15/2012, Society of Automotive Engineers Standardshttp://standards.sae.org/j1772_201210/accessed April 2013
NIST Special Publication 1108, NIST Framework and Roadmap for Smart Grid Interoperability Standards, Release 1.0∗ January 2010.
NEC Article 625, A_NEC_625_2008.pdf, National Electric Hand Book, 2008, pp.:971
Level 3 charger –NFPA catlog April 2013
M. Kintner-Meyer,"Smart Charger Technology for Customer Convenience and Grid Reliability", May 2009.
A. Balboul, M. Dughlas, H.A. Chisht, "Interconnection Challenges of Plug-in Hybrid / Electric Vehicles to the Smart Grid," project reported submitted for Hybrid Vehicle Course, Wayne State Univ, May 2010
Gene Liao, "Advance Battery Systems for Hybrid Electric Vehicles" January 2010.
NissanLEAF.pdf, Sept 2011.www.Nissan.com accessed April 2013
Chvy Volt.pdf, 2012, http://www.chevrolet.com accessed April 2013
Honsberg; Bowden. PVCDROM. accessed April 2013
National solar radiation databaseaccessed April 2013
National Climatic Data Center, National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Services (NESDIS) [online].accessed April 2013
F. Farret, and M. Simões.Integration of Alternative Sources of Energy.Wiley-IEEE Press, 2006.
T. Tan, "A Model of PV Generation Suitable for Stability Analysis," IEEE Trans.on Energy Conversion, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 748-755, 2004.
M.S. Alam, and A.T. Alouani, "Dynamic modeling of photovoltaic module for real-time maximum power tracking," J. of Renewable Science and Energy, AIP, NY, vol. 2, no. 3, 2010.
TMS-240PA05Whole Sale Solar. Whole Sale Solar. .accessed April 2013
Fronius IG Plus 11.1-1 UNi-accessed April 2013
Hybrid Optimization Model for Electric Renewables (HOMER) software package : http://www.nrel.gov/homer/accessed April 2013
Experimental Advanced Renewable Program, Consumers Energy: http://www.consumersenergy.com/content.aspx?id=1801.accessed April 2013
RETSCreen software accessed April 2013