Please enter verification code
Confirm
Controlled Fusion: Magnetic and Inertial, Promises and Pitfalls
American Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems
Volume 9, Issue 6, November 2020, Pages: 104-108
Received: Nov. 30, 2020; Accepted: Dec. 14, 2020; Published: Dec. 22, 2020
Views 55      Downloads 64
Author
Kenell James Touryan, College of Science and Engineering, American University of Armenia, Yerevan, Armenia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
As with biomass, hydro, solar and wind power, fusion power can also generate clean energy, using deuterium, an isotope of hydrogen, abundantly available in our oceans. Our sun uses hydrogen in a fusion process to generate power. It has been demonstrated that fusion power can be generated on earth, under carefully controlled conditions using deuterium and tritium instead of hydrogen. There are two fundamental approaches to controlled fusion: magnetic confinement fusion (MCF) first proposed at Princeton University in 1951, and inertial confinement fusion (ICF) that followed shortly thereafter, first proposed at the Lawrence Livermore Laboratories in 1970. Progress made on magnetic fusion led to the planning and construction of ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor), expected to be completed in 2035. In this article, we explain the processes necessary to generate fusion power through MCF and ICF. Unlike nuclear power, as a practical means to generate electricity, controlled fusion has presented the technical/scientific community with a plethora of very difficult challenges. It is only recently, after decades of intense research in many laboratories worldwide, that we have begun to see devices being built on a fusion reactor scale and hence the design of ITER. The challenges are many but require patience and perseverance.
Keywords
Magnetic Fusion, Inertial Fusion, Controlled Fusion, Plasma Dynamics, ITER, Plasma Confinement, Clean Energy
To cite this article
Kenell James Touryan, Controlled Fusion: Magnetic and Inertial, Promises and Pitfalls, American Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems. Vol. 9, No. 6, 2020, pp. 104-108. doi: 10.11648/j.epes.20200906.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Spitzer, L., Physics of Fluids 1, 253 (1958).
[2]
Wesson, J., Tokamaks, 2011 (Oxford: Oxford University Press).
[3]
Chen, Francis F., Introduction to Plasma Physics, First Edition, 1974 (Plenum Press NY), Chapter 9.
[4]
Lawson, J. D., Proceedings of the Physical Society, Section B. 70, 6 (1957).
[5]
Hawryluk, Richard, Rev. Mod. Physics 70, 537 (1998).
[6]
Chen, Francis F., Introduction to Plasma Physics, Third Edition, 2016 (Berlin: Springer) Chapter 10 for description of other confinement approaches.
[7]
Y-KM Peng et al ''Component Test Facility Based on Spherical Tokamak", Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 2005 Vol 47, 12B.
[8]
Greenwalk, Martin, Status of the SPARC physics basis, Journal of Plasma Physics, 2020; 86 (5) DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017S0022377820001063.
[9]
Creely, A. J. et al Overview of the SPARC Tokamak, Jof Plasma Physics 86 (5), 2020.
[10]
Manheimer, W., Physics Today 73, 7, 10 (2020).
[11]
Lindl, J. D., Phys. Plasmas 2, 3933 (1995).
[12]
LePape, S., et al., Phys. Rev. Letter 120, 245003 (2018).
[13]
Kramer, D., Physics Today, Politics and Policy, 17 June 2016.
[14]
Private Communication, Dr Marshall M. Sluyter, Former Director of NIF, US Department of Energy, August, 2020.
[15]
Clary, Daniel. 'Laser Fusion reactor approaches burning plasma milestone' Science, Nov 27, 2020.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186