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Controlled Fusion: Magnetic and Inertial, Promises and Pitfalls
American Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems
Volume 9, Issue 6, November 2020, Pages: 104-108
Received: Nov. 30, 2020; Accepted: Dec. 14, 2020; Published: Dec. 22, 2020
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Kenell James Touryan, College of Science and Engineering, American University of Armenia, Yerevan, Armenia
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As with biomass, hydro, solar and wind power, fusion power can also generate clean energy, using deuterium, an isotope of hydrogen, abundantly available in our oceans. Our sun uses hydrogen in a fusion process to generate power. It has been demonstrated that fusion power can be generated on earth, under carefully controlled conditions using deuterium and tritium instead of hydrogen. There are two fundamental approaches to controlled fusion: magnetic confinement fusion (MCF) first proposed at Princeton University in 1951, and inertial confinement fusion (ICF) that followed shortly thereafter, first proposed at the Lawrence Livermore Laboratories in 1970. Progress made on magnetic fusion led to the planning and construction of ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor), expected to be completed in 2035. In this article, we explain the processes necessary to generate fusion power through MCF and ICF. Unlike nuclear power, as a practical means to generate electricity, controlled fusion has presented the technical/scientific community with a plethora of very difficult challenges. It is only recently, after decades of intense research in many laboratories worldwide, that we have begun to see devices being built on a fusion reactor scale and hence the design of ITER. The challenges are many but require patience and perseverance.
Magnetic Fusion, Inertial Fusion, Controlled Fusion, Plasma Dynamics, ITER, Plasma Confinement, Clean Energy
To cite this article
Kenell James Touryan, Controlled Fusion: Magnetic and Inertial, Promises and Pitfalls, American Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems. Vol. 9, No. 6, 2020, pp. 104-108. doi: 10.11648/j.epes.20200906.12
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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