Pesticide Contamination Monitored by Passive Sampling in Environmental Water of Japanese Coral Island
Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Science
Volume 4, Issue 2, April 2015, Pages: 39-43
Received: Mar. 1, 2015;
Accepted: Mar. 16, 2015;
Published: Mar. 24, 2015
Views 3843 Downloads 147
Yutaka Tashiro, Faculty of International studies, Meio University, Nago, Okinawa, Japan
Yutaka Kameda, Faculty of Engineering, Chiba Institute of Technology, Narashino, Chiba, Japan
The pesticide contaminations in the water of rivers and an estuary of a Japanese coral island with unique ecosystems in enclosed moats and on fringing reefs were analyzed by means of passive sampling. Samplers were deployed in the rivers and estuary for each 2 weeks of August through December of 2013 and of February of 2014. One to 12 kinds of pesticides were detected from all the samplers at the river sites with the maximum amount of 260 ng day-1 per sampler for EPN. The detected compounds and their amounts fluctuated widely at each sampling occasion. The analyses of the grab water samples detected much less compounds in comparison with the passive samples from the same sites. The time weighted average (TWA) concentrations of these pesticides are estimated as several micrograms per litter in the river waters. Further, 0.1 ng day-1 of procymidone was also detected from a sampler in the middle of the estuary where the river water is largely diluted with seawater. This amount of pesticide corresponds to a TWA concentration in the estuary water with the order of several ng L-1. Considerable discharges of chemicals into coastal water by intensive agricultural practices such as flower cultivations on the island is concerned.
Pesticide Contamination Monitored by Passive Sampling in Environmental Water of Japanese Coral Island, Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Science.
Vol. 4, No. 2,
2015, pp. 39-43.
C. M. Roberts, C. J. McClean, J. E. N. Veron, J. P. Hawkins, G. R. Allen, D. E. McAllister, C. G. Mittermeier, F. W. Schueler, M. Spalding, F. Wells, C. Vynne and T. B. Werner, Marine biodiversity hotspots and conservation priorities for tropical reefs, Science, 295(5558) , 2002, 1280-1284.
Y. Tashiro and T. Taniyama, Pesticide contamination in groundwater on Okinoerabu Island, an intensive agricultural district in Japan (in Japanese), Jpn. J. Crop. Sci., 65, 1996, 77-86.
S. T. Imo, M. A. Sheikh, K. Sawano, H. Fujimura and T. Oomori, Distribution and possible impacts of toxic organic pollutants on coral reef ecosystems around Okinawa Island, Japan, Pacific Science, 62(3), 2008, 317-326.
Y. Kitada, H. Kawahata, A. Suzuki and T. Oomori, Distribution of pesticides and bisphenol A in sediments collected from rivers adjacent to coral reefs, Chemosphere, 71, 2008, 2082-2090.
M.A. Sheikh, T. Oomori, H. Fujimura, T. Higuchi, T. Imo, A. Akamatsu, T. Miyagi, T. Yokota and S. Yasumura, Distribution and potential effects of novel antifouling herbicide diuron on coral reefs, in Herbicides - Environmental Impact Studies and Management Approaches, Dr. Ruben Alvarez-Fernandez (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-307-892-2, 2012, InTech,
Y. Tashiro and Y. Kameda, Concentration of organic sun-blocking agents in seawater of beaches and coral reefs of Okinawa Island, Japan, Marine Pollution Bulletin, 77, 2013, 333–340.
J. Kingston, R. Greenwood, G. Mills, G. Morrison and L. Pesson, Development of a novel passive sampling system for the time averaged measurement of a range of organic pollutants in aquatic environments, Journal of Environmental Monitoring, 2, 2000, 487–495.
R. B. Schäfer, A. Paschke, B. Vrana, R. Mueller and M. Liess, Performance of the Chemcatchers passive sampler when used to monitor 10 polar and semi-polar pesticides in 16 Central European streams, and comparison with two other sampling methods, Water Research, 42, 2008, 2707 – 2717.
M. Shaw, M. J. Furnas, K. Fabricius, D. Haynes, S. Carter, G. Eaglesham and J. F. Mueller, Monitoring pesticides in the Great Barrier Reef, Marine Pollution Bulletin, 60, 2010, 113–122.
F. Sánchez-Bayo, R. V. Hyne, G. Kibria and P. Doble, Calibration and field application of Chemcatcher passive samplers for detecting amitrole residues in agricultural drain waters, Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 90, 2013, 635–639.
F. Sánchez-Bayo and R. V. Hyne, Detection and analysis of neonicotinoids in river waters – Development of a passive sampler for three commonly used insecticides, Chemosphere, 99, 2014, 143–151.
Japan Plant Protection Association, “Noyaku Yoran (Pesticide Handbook) 2013” (in Japanese), 2013, JPPA.
Japanese Ministry of the Environment, “Interim manual for investigations on endocrine disrupting compounds” (in Japanese), 1998, JME.
E. L. M. Vermeirssen, C. Dietschweiler, B. I. Escher, J. van der Voet and J. Hollender, Uptake and release kinetics of 22 polar organic chemicals in the Chemcatcher passive sampler, Anal. Bioanal. Chem., 405, 2013, 5225–5236.
A. T. K. Tran, R. V. Hyne and P Doble, Calibration of a passive sampling device for time-integrated sampling of hydrophilic herbicides in aquatic environments, Environ. Toxicol. Chem., 26, 2007, 435-443.
R. Gunold, R. B. Schäfer, A. Paschke, G. Schüürmann and M. Liess, Calibration of the Chemcatcher passive sampler for monitoring selected polar and semi-polar pesticides in surface water, Environmental Pollution, 155, 2008, 52-60.
M. Shaw and J. F. Mueller, Preliminary evaluation of the occurrence of herbicides and PAHs in the Wet Tropics region of the Great Barrier Reef, Australia, using passive samplers, Marine Pollution Bulletin, 51, 2005, 876–881.