Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Science
Volume 7, Issue 6, December 2018, Pages: 85-90
Received: Dec. 12, 2018;
Accepted: Dec. 29, 2018;
Published: Jan. 28, 2019
Views 317 Downloads 27
Khaled Farg Hamed Aghow, Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Tobruk University, Tobruk, Libya
Abd El-Motaleb Mosad Ramadan, Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafrelsheikh, Egypt
Abd El-Hamid Ismail, Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt
The aim of the study was to assess the degree of pollution of the Bay waters by heavy Metals and the extent of the impact of this pollution on drinking water in the city. This study included measuring the concentration of heavy metals Cr, Zn, Ni, Cu, Pb, Co, Cdin the Gulf waters where five points were selected, namely Municipal drain pipe, suction of water for desalination plant, Hariga Terminal for loading of oil for export, San George resort, Commercial port. Samples were collected and tests were conducted during the four seasons. These tests were performed using the plasma / atomic emission atomic induction spectrometer (ICP / AES). The concentrations of heavy metals were high in the Bay waters and therefore increased in drinking water resulting from the desalination of Bay water. When comparing the concentration of heavy Metals of drinking water with WHO specifications, as well as Libyan specifications, they were found to have exceeded the limit. The results obtained show that there is a large pollution of the Bay water by heavy Metals and this is considered to have a negative impact on the quality of drinking water as well as on the deterioration of the marine ecosystem in addition to the health impact on the practitioners of marine sports activities.
Khaled Farg Hamed Aghow,
Abd El-Motaleb Mosad Ramadan,
Abd El-Hamid Ismail,
Determination of Heavy Metals Pollution in Tobruk Bay, Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Science.
Vol. 7, No. 6,
2018, pp. 85-90.
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
G. B. Macfarlane, M. D. Burchett, Vierh Aquatic Botanic, 68 (2000) 45-49.
P. Censi, S. E. Spoto, F. Saiano, M. Sprovieri, S. Mazzola, Chemosphere, 64 (2006) 1167-1176.
T. Alharbi, H. Alfaifi, A. El-Sorogy, Marine Pollution Bulletin, 119 (2017) 407-415..
Al Obaidy AMJ, Al Mashhady AAM, Awad ES, D. Kadhem AJ., Iraq., International Journal of Advanced Research, 7 (2006) 44-49.
W.-P. Chan, F. Ren, X. Dou, K. Yin, V. W.-C. Chang, Science of The Total Environment, 637-638 (2018) 182-190.
K. C. Ho, K. C. C. Hui, Environment International, 26 (2001) 303-308.
A. S. Fries, J. P. Coimbra, D. A. Nemazie, R. M. Summers, J. P. S. Azevedo, S. Filoso, M. Newton, G. Gelli, R. C. N. de Oliveira, M. A. R. Pessoa, W. C. Dennison, Regional Studies in Marine Science, (2018) 100474.
E. J. Olguín, G. Sánchez, G. Mercado, Ocean & Coastal Management, 47 (2004) 641-670.
L. S. Land, Marine Pollution Bulletin, 64 (2012) 2305-2308.
A. Zhang, L. Wang, S. Zhao, X. Yang, Q. Zhao, X. Zhang, X. Yuan, Regional Studiesin Marine Science, 11 (2017) 32-42.
J. Rodier, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United State, (1975).
N. K. Nagpal, TECHNICAL REPORT - WATER QUALITY GUIDELINES FOR COBALT, in, British Columbia., Victoria, 2004.
G. R. W. Denton, C. Iyekar, H. R. Wood, Impact of Metal Enriched Leachate from Ordot Dump on the Heavy Metal Status of Biotic and Abiotic Components in Pago Bay, in, Water and Environmental Research Institute of the Western Pacific, Mangilao, 2006.
S. Palanichamy, A. Rajendran, Indian J. Mar. Sci., 29 (2000) 119-119.
K. Selvaraj, V. Ram-Mohan, S. Srinivasalu, M. Jonathan, R. Siddartha, Journal of Geological Society of India, 62 (2003) 191-204.