Analyzing Rainfall Events and Soil Characteristics for Water Resources Management in A Canal Irrigated Area
Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Science
Volume 2, Issue 1, February 2013, Pages: 1-8
Received: Dec. 22, 2012;
Published: Feb. 20, 2013
Views 2735 Downloads 173
K. G. Mandal, Directorate of Water Management (ICAR), Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
J. Padhi, Directorate of Water Management (ICAR), Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
A. Kumar, Directorate of Water Management (ICAR), Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
D. K. Sahoo, Directorate of Water Management (ICAR), Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
P. Majhi, Directorate of Water Management (ICAR), Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
S. Ghosh, Directorate of Water Management (ICAR), Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
R. K. Mohanty, Directorate of Water Management (ICAR), Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
M. Roychaudhuri, Directorate of Water Management (ICAR), Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
Rainfall analysis is essential for water resources management and crop planning. An attempt has been made to analyse the rainfall of Daspalla region in Odisha, eastern India for prediction of monsoon and post-monsoon rainfall by using 6 different probability distribution functions, forecasting the probable date of onset and withdrawal of monsoon and finally crop planning for the region. Soil parameters were assessed for head, mid and tail reaches of the command area. Results revealed that, for prediction of monsoon and post-monsoon rainfall, Log Pearson Type-III and Gumbel distribution are found as the best fit probability distribution functions. The earliest and delayed most week of onset of rainy season was 20th SMW (14-20th May) and 25th SMW (18-24th June), respectively. Similarly, the earliest and delayed most week of cessation of rainy season was 39th SMW (24-30th September) and 47th SMW (19-25th November) respectively. The soils have the clay contents ranging from 29.6 to 48.8%. The bulk density ranged from 1.44 to 1.72 Mg.m-3 irrespective of different sites. The saturated hydraulic conductivity decreased significantly with soil depth due to greater clay contents in lower layers; whereas water retention at field capacity and PWP increased significantly with increase in soil depths. Soil organic carbon varied from 0.34 to 0.95%; it was the highest in the surface (0-15 cm) layer and then decreased down to the soil profile. The results of rainfall analyses and soil properties would help in management of rainfall and canal water in an effective way.
K. G. Mandal,
D. K. Sahoo,
R. K. Mohanty,
Analyzing Rainfall Events and Soil Characteristics for Water Resources Management in A Canal Irrigated Area, Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Science.
Vol. 2, No. 1,
2013, pp. 1-8.
B.R. Sharma, K.V. Rao, K.P.R. Vittal, Y.S. Ramakrishna and U. Amarasinghe, "Estimating the potential of rainfed agriculture in India: prospects of water productivity improvements", Agric. Water Manage., 2010 97(1), pp. 23-30.
A.K. Kothari, M.L. Jat and J.K. Balyan, "Water balanced based crop planning for Bhilwara district of Rajasthan". Indian J. Soil Cons., 2007, 35(3), pp. 178-183.
C. Prakash and D.H. Rao, " Frequency analysis of rainfall data for crop planning-Kota". Indian J Soil Cons., 1996, 14(2), pp. 23-26.
H.C. Sharma, H.S. Chauhan and Sewa Ram, "Probability analysis of rainfall for crop planning". J Agric. Engg 1979, 16(3), pp. 87-94.
S. Mohanty, R.A. Marathe and S. Singh, "Probability models for prediction of annual maximum daily rainfall for Nagpur", J. Soil Water Cons., 2000, 44 (1&2), pp. 38-40.
R.S. Rana and D.R. Thakur, "Rainfall analysis for crop planning in Kulu valley, Himachal Pradesh", Indian J. Soil Cons., 1998, 26(2), pp.144-146.
D. Panigrahi, P.K. Mohanty, M. Acharya and P.C. Senapati, "Optimal utilization of natural resources for agricultural sustainability in rainfed hill plateaus of Odisha", Agric Water Manage., 2010, 97, pp. 1006-1016.
A. K. Singh, "Use of pedotransfer functions in crop growth simulations", J. Water Manag. 2000, 8, pp. 18–21.
R. Kaur, S. Kumar, H.P. Gurung, J.S. Rawat, A.K. Singh, S. Prasad and G. Rawat,. "Evaluation of pedotransfer functions for predicting field capacity and wilting point soil moisture contents from routinely surveyed soil texture and organic carbon data", J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci., 2001, 50 (2), pp. 205–208.
U.S. Saikia, and A.K. Singh, "Development and validation of pedotransfer functions for water retention, saturated hydraulic conductivity and aggregate stability of soils of Banha watershed", J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci. 2003, 51, pp. 484–488.
F. Ungaro, C. Calzolari, and E. Busoni, "Development of pedotransfer functions using a group method of data handling for the soil of the Pianura Padano–Veneta region of North Italy water retention properties", Geoderma., 2005, 124, pp. 293–317.
D. Sharma and V. Kumar, "Prediction of onset and withdrawal of effective monsoon dates and subsequent dry spells in an arid region of Rajasthan", Indian J. Soil Cons., 2003, 31(3), pp. 223-228.
V.T. Chow, "Hand Book of Applied Hydrology", Mc Graw Hills Book Company, 1964, New York.
H.P. Das, R.S. Abhyankar, R.S. Bhagwal and A.S. Nair, "Fifty years of arid zone research in India", CAZRI, Jodhpur., 1998, pp. 417-422.
M.K. Dash and P.C. Senapati, "Forecasting of dry and wet spell at Bhubaneswar for agricultural planning" Indian J. Soil Cons., 1992, 20(1&2), pp. 75-82.
B. Panigrahi and S.N. Panda, "Dry spell probability by Markov chain model and its application to crop planning in Kharagpur", Indian J. Soil Cons., 2002, 30(1), pp. 95-100.
P.N. Babu and P. Lakshminarayana, "Rainfall analysis of a dry land water shed-Polkepad: A case study", J. Indian Water Res Soc., 1997, 17, pp. 34-38.
G.V. Srinivasareddy, S.R. Bhaskar, R.C. Purohit and A.K. Chittora, "Markov chain model probability of dry, wet weeks and statistical analysis of weekly rainfall for agricultural planning at Bangalore", Karnataka J. Agric Sci., 2008, 21(1), pp. 12-16.
G. J. A. Bouyoucous, "Recalibration of the hydrometer for making mechanical analysis of soil", Agron. J., 1951, 43, pp. 434-438.
A. Walkley and I. A Black, "An examination of the method for determining soil organic matter and proposal modification of the chromic acid titration method", Soil Sci., 1934, 37, pp. 29–38.