Jordanian Oil Shales: Variability, Processing Technologies, and Utilization Options
Journal of Energy and Natural Resources
Volume 4, Issue 4, August 2015, Pages: 52-55
Received: Jul. 27, 2015; Accepted: Aug. 3, 2015; Published: Aug. 12, 2015
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Authors
Hani Muhaisen Alnawafleh, Faculty of Engineering, Al-Hussein Bin Talal University, Ma’an, Jordan; Faculty of Engineering, Tafila Technical University, Tafila, Jordan
Feras Younis Fraige, Faculty of Engineering, Al-Hussein Bin Talal University, Ma’an, Jordan; Faculty of Engineering, King Saud University, Al-Muzahmiayah Branch, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Laila Abdullah Al-khatib, Faculty of Engineering, Al-Hussein Bin Talal University, Ma’an, Jordan
Mohammad Khaleel Dweirj, Faculty of Engineering, Al-Hussein Bin Talal University, Ma’an, Jordan
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Abstract
Jordan has a huge Oil Shale (OS) reserves with about 50 billion tons are located in the central part. Oil Shale is considered the only potentially discovered fossil fuel in Jordan. Jordanian OS is characterized by its good quality, near surface deposits with low stripping ratio. The main deposits are located in central Jordan with good road network and effectively thin population. On general, the reported physical and chemical properties suggest vertical variability pattern within the same deposits and lateral variability between the deposits. Extraction behavior also confirms such variability. The dependency of Jordan on imported crude oil and gas put extra pressure on the Jordanian economy as a result of the heavy and yet growing energy bill. The Jordanian government shows interest in commercializing its potential OS reserves and signed many agreements and memo of understanding with many external companies’ expert in OS processing, such as Shell international. In this work, the variability of Jordanian OS will be investigated with reference to the current status on their processing and utilization options
Keywords
Oil Shale, Jordan, Variability, Utilization, Processing
To cite this article
Hani Muhaisen Alnawafleh, Feras Younis Fraige, Laila Abdullah Al-khatib, Mohammad Khaleel Dweirj, Jordanian Oil Shales: Variability, Processing Technologies, and Utilization Options, Journal of Energy and Natural Resources. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2015, pp. 52-55. doi: 10.11648/j.jenr.20150404.11
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