Impact of Foliar Application of Boron and Zinc on Growth, Quality and Seed Yield of Okra
Journal of Energy and Natural Resources
Volume 9, Issue 1, March 2020, Pages: 1-9
Received: Jan. 12, 2020; Accepted: Feb. 4, 2020; Published: Feb. 13, 2020
Views 14      Downloads 6
Authors
Md. Habibur Rahman, Regional Agricultural Research Station, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Cumilla, Bangladesh
Md. Abdul Quddus, Soil and Water Management Section, Horticulture Research Centre, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Md. Abdus Satter, Farm Division, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Md. Razzab Ali, Olericulture Division, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Mohammad Hossain Sarker, Farm Division, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Tanjila Nasreen Trina, Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
The experiment was carried out in the field of Horticulture Research Centre (HRC), Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), Gazipur to evaluate the effect of foliar application of boron (B) and zinc (Zn) on growth, yield attributes, quality and seed yield of okra. The experiment was planned with 16 treatment combinations comprising four levels each of B (0, 0.1, 0.2 and 0.3% borax, respectively) and Zn (0, 0.1, 0.2 and 0.3% zinc sulphate, respectively) along with the blanket dose of fertilizers of N, P, K, S and cow dung at 120, 40, 80, 20 and 10000 kg ha-1, respectively were used in all treatments. The two factor experiment was laid out in the randomized complete block design with three replications. Results revealed that the foliar application of boron and zinc either single or in combination had significant effect on yield, yield attributes and quality of okra seed. Most of the yield attributes of okra were significantly increased by the combined foliar application of borax and zinc sulphate up to 0.2% borax and 0.2% zinc sulphate. The highest seed yield (2.52 t ha-1) was obtained from the treatment combination of 0.2% borax and 0.2% zinc sulphate followed by the treatment combination of 0.2% borax and 0.3% zinc sulphate. The highest oil content (16%) in seed was also produced from the same treatment (0.2% borax and 0.2% zinc sulphate). The improved protein content (17.75%) was found in combination of 0.1% borax and 0.3% zinc sulphate. The combined foliar applications of zinc and boron fertilizers were detected superior to their single application. The results suggest that the combination of 0.2% borax and 0.2% zinc sulphate could be used as foliar for seed yield maximization of okra. Hence, the foliar fertilization rates of zinc sulphate should be increased for okra production.
Keywords
Boron and Zinc, Quality, Yield Attribute, Okra Seed Yield
To cite this article
Md. Habibur Rahman, Md. Abdul Quddus, Md. Abdus Satter, Md. Razzab Ali, Mohammad Hossain Sarker, Tanjila Nasreen Trina, Impact of Foliar Application of Boron and Zinc on Growth, Quality and Seed Yield of Okra, Journal of Energy and Natural Resources. Special Issue: Assessment of Potassium Element on Lentil (Lens culinaris Medic) Agronomy and Nutrient Use Efficiency in Calcareous Soils. Vol. 9, No. 1, 2020, pp. 1-9. doi: 10.11648/j.jenr.20200901.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
George, R. A. T. (1985). Vegetable Seed Production. John Willy and Sons, 605, Third Avenue, New York. pp. 318.
[2]
Kanwar, H. S. (2017). Advances in quality seed production of vegetable crops. Training manual, Centre of advanced faculty training in horticulture (vegetables), Department of vegetable science, YSP University of Horticulture and Forestry Nauni -173 230 Solan, Himachal Pradesh, India
[3]
BBS, (2018). Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics of Bangladesh-2017. Bangladesh Bureau of statistics. Statistics and informatics Division. Ministry of planning. Government of the people’s republic of Bangladesh.
[4]
AIS. (2008). Krishi Diary. Agricultural Information Service, DAE, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka.
[5]
Mew, T. W. 1997. Seed health testing: Progress towards 21st Century. In: Huthins and Ruces (Editors), Development of rice seed health testing policy. pp. 129-138.
[6]
Abbasi, F. F, Baloch M. A, Leghari, M. H, Oad F. C, Buriro R. A. (2010). Effect of commercial foliar fertilizers. Indus J Pl Sci. 4 (4): 495-501.
[7]
El-Aal, F. S. A., Shaheen A. M., Ahmed A. A. and Mahmoud A. R. (2010). Effect of foliar application of urea and amino acids mixtures as antioxidants on growth, yield and characteristics of squash. Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, 6: 583-588.
[8]
Zodape, S. T., Gupta A., Bhandari S. C., Rawat U. S., Chaudhry D. R., Eswaran K. and Chikara J. (2011). Foliar application of seaweed sap as biostimulant for enhancement of yield and quality of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 70: 215-219.
[9]
Ishii, T., Matsunaga, T., Iwai, H., Satoh, S., Taoshita, J. (2002). Germanium dose not substitute for boron in cross-linking of rhamnogalacturonan II in pumpkin cell walls. Plant Physiol. 130 (4): 1967-1973.
[10]
Jahiruddin, M. (2015). Zinc and boron deficiency in crops and their management in Bangladesh. Department of Soil Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, pp 1-27.
[11]
Rahman M. H, Hossain, I, Ahmad, M. U. Rahim, M. A. (2017). Effects of boron and zinc on yield and quality of okra seed, Advances in Bioresearch. 8 (1): 202-211 DOI: 10.15515/abr.0976-4585.8.1.202211.
[12]
Jeanine M. Davis, Douglas C. Sanders, Paul V. Nelson, Laura Lengnick, and Wade J. Sperry (2003). Boron Improves Growth, Yield, Quality, and Nutrient Content of Tomato. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci., 128 (3): 441-446.
[13]
Singh, A. K., Khan, M. A., and Srivastava, A. (2014). Effect of boron and molybdenum application on seed yield of mungbean. Asian Journal of Biolological Science, 9, 169-172.
[14]
Agarwala, S. C., Sharma, P. N., Chatterjee, C., Sharma, C. P. (1981). Development and enzymatic change during pollen development in boron deficiency maize plants. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 3. 329-336.
[15]
Sultana, S., Niaz A., Ahmed Z. A., Anwer S. A., Anjum M. A., Ilyas M. (2017). Effect of boron application on growth, yield and quality of bitter gourd. Science Letters 2017; 5 (1): 1-7.
[16]
Sharma, C. P. (2006). Plant Micronutrients. Science Publishers, Enfield, USA; 265.
[17]
Kalloo, 1985. Tomato. Allied Publishers, New Delhi, India. pp. 204-211.
[18]
Fertilizer Recommendation Guide, (2012). Fertilizer Recommendation Guide. Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council, Farmgate, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
[19]
Katyal, J. C. and N. S. Randhawa. (1983). Micronutrients. FAO Fertilizer and Plant Nutrition Bulletin. 3-76.
[20]
Ali, A., Ahmad, B., Hussain, I., Ali, A.&Ali Shah, F. (2017). Effect of phosphorus and zinc on yield of lentil. Pure and Applied Biology, 6 (4), 1397-1402.
[21]
Welch, R. M, Webb, M. J, Lonegaran, J. F. (1982). Zinc in membrane function and its role in phosphorus toxicity. In: Proceedings of the Ninth International Plant Nutrition Colloquium. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureau, A Scarify (Editor), Farnham Royal, England. pp. 710-715.
[22]
USDA Soil Survey Staff. (1975). Soil taxonomy: a basic system of soil classification for making and interpreting soil surveys. USDA Agric. Handb. 436. U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 754 p
[23]
Huq, S. M. I. and Shoaib J. U. M. (2013). The Soils of Bangladesh, World Soils Book Series 1, Springer Science.
[24]
Lowery, O. H, Rosenbrough, N. R. J, Far, A. L, Randil, R. J. (1951). Protein measurement with the folin phenol reagent. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 193: 265-275.
[25]
Gadgil, J. D., K. N. Susseelan, R. Mitra, D. C. Joshua, C. R. Bhatia. (1989). Chemical composition of seed and electrophoretic pattern of seed storage protein of jute Corchorus olitorius and Corchorus capsularius. Seed Sci. Technol. 17: 499-506.
[26]
Page, A. L., Miller R. H. and Keeney D. R. (Eds.). (1982). Agronomy Series 9 ASA, SSSA. Methods of Soil Analysis (Part 2, 2nd ed., pp. 403-427). American Society of Agronomy, Madison, USA.
[27]
Bremner, J. M. and Mulvaney, C. S. (1982). Total nitrogen. In A. L. Page, R. H. Miller, D. R. Keeney (Eds.), Methods of Soil Analysis (Part 2, 2nd ed., pp. 599-622). American Society of Agronomy, Madison, USA.
[28]
Bray R. H. and Kurtz L. T. (1945). Determination of total, organic and available forms of phosphorus in soils. Ibid. 59: 39-45.
[29]
Jackson, M. L. (1973). Soil Chemical Analysis (p. 498). Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi.
[30]
Gupta, P. K. (2004). Soil, Plant, Water and Fertilizer Analysis. Department of Agricultural Chemistry and Soil Science, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture & Technology, Rajasthan, India, Pp 168-170
[31]
Fox, R. L.; Olsen, R. A.; Rhoades, H. F. (1964). Evaluating the sulphur status of soil by plant and soil test. Soil Science Society of America Proc., 28, 243-246.
[32]
Lindsay, W. L. and Norvell, W. A. (1978). Development of DTPA soil test for zinc, iron, manganese and copper. Soil science Society of American Journal, 42: 421-8.
[33]
Gomez, K. A., and A. A., Gomez, (1984). Statistical procedure for agricultural research (2nd ed.). International Rice Research Institute. Willey Intl. Sci, Singapore. pp. 28-192.
[34]
Abbasi, F. F., Baloch M. A., Zia-ul-hassan Wagan K. H., Shah A. N., Rajpar I. (2010). Growth and yield of okra under foliar application of some new multinutrient fertilizer products. Pakistan Journal of Agriculture, Agricultural Engineering and Veterinary Sciences, 26 (2): 11-18.
[35]
Sharangi, A. B, Pariari, A, Chatterjee, R, Das, D. K. (2002). Response of boron and zinc on growth and seed yield of fennel. Journal of Interacademicia, 6 (4): 472-475.
[36]
Mahesh, K, Sen, N. L. 2004. Interaction effect of zinc and boron on okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench) cv. Prabhani Kranti. Agric. Sci. Digest. 24 (4): 307-308.
[37]
Al- dulaimi, A. H. T. and M. A. Al-jumaili. (2017). Role of iron, zinc and organic nutrient on yield of green beans. The Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 48 (3): 462-471.
[38]
Al-Ubaydi, A. A. Z. (2006) Response of Bean (Phaseolus Vulgaris L.) to Different Levels from Foam Sulfur and Zn, Mn Foliar Sprays, M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Horticulture and Landscape Gardening, Agriculture College, Baghdad University. pp: 88
[39]
Muhammad, A. B, Abdul, Q. G, Muhammad, I. J, Tariq, A, Sher, A, Mohammad, I. M, Muhammad, S, Javed, A. A, Syed, I. A. S. (2019). Response of okra verities, to zinc and boron supplement under the agro-climatic condition of Tandojam-Pakistan. Pure and Applied Biology. 8 (1): 601-608. http://dx.doi.org/10.19045/bspab.2018.700222
[40]
Shruti, B. and Chauhan, S. V. S. (2001). Effect of zinc boron and manganese on yield in okra (Abelmoschus esculentus). Indian journal of Agricultural Sciences. 71 (5): 332-333.
[41]
Wen, H. D, Xin, H. T, Zhi, Z. C, Alan, H. (2009). Effects of Micronutrients on Seed Yield and Yield Components of Alfalfa. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 32 (5): 809-820. DOI: 10.1080/01904160902787909
[42]
Lewis, D. H. 1980. Boron lignifications and the origin of vascular plants - a united hypothesis. New Phytol. 84: 209-229.
[43]
Naga, S. K., Swain, S. K., Sandeep, V. V., Raju, B. (2013). Effect of foliar application of micronutrients on growth parameters on tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill). J. Agric. Food Sci. 1: 146-151.
[44]
Zaver, Vaghani Manji. (2007), Effect of Gibberellic Acid, Zinc and Iron on Seed Production of Okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench]. Ph.D. Dissertcetion in Horticulture, Junagadh Agricultural University, College of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture. pp: 189
[45]
Alrawi, M. M. A. and Aljumail M. A. H. (2018). Effect of foliar application with potassium and zinc on growth, pod yield and seed production of okra. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 49 (6): 1041-1048.
[46]
Zeidan, M. S., Mohamed, M. F., Hamouda, H. A. (2010). Effect of foliar fertilization of Fe, Mn and Zn on wheat yield and quality in low sandy soils fertility. World J. Agric. Sci. 6: 696-699.
[47]
Kumar, M. and Sen N. L. (2004). Interaction effect of zinc and boron on okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. moench) cv. prabhani kranti. Agnc. Sci. Digest, 24 (4): 307-308.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186