Journal of Energy and Natural Resources
Volume 8, Issue 3, September 2019, Pages: 98-108
Received: Jun. 24, 2019;
Accepted: Jul. 24, 2019;
Published: Aug. 7, 2019
Views 464 Downloads 79
Huda Albisher, Physics Department, Faculty of Science and Technology, Al-Quds University, Jerusalem, Palestine
Husain Alsamamra, Physics Department, Faculty of Science and Technology, Al-Quds University, Jerusalem, Palestine
This study represents an overview on the possibility of using wind energy to fulfill the increasing demand on energy and the lack of supplied energy in the Palestinian territories, by analyzing and discussing former studies in this field. All previous studies mainly depended on historical data, and data from automated meteorological stations for some of the main cities in Palestine. However, the previous researches depended on data collected between 1991 – 2013, and used Weibull distribution function to analysing it. Moreover, all these studies agree about the possibility of exploiting wind energy, especially in high areas in Hebron in West Bank and Gaza city in Gaza Strip, to solve both the crisis of shortage electricity and the increase demand on energy. The highest wind energy is in Hebron, and the average month wind speed is between 3 m/s – 7.5 m/s, and the lowest wind energy is in Jericho, and the wind speed there is less than 2.5 m/s in most time. Some studies pointed that wind energy potential can be more efficient by using the hybrid PV / Wind system. At the same time, it can minimize the cost of generated energy from using each system independently. However, there are many obstacles of using wind energy to generate electricity in Palestine.
An Overview of Wind Energy Potentials in Palestine, Journal of Energy and Natural Resources.
Vol. 8, No. 3,
2019, pp. 98-108.
International Energy Agency (IEA), Global Energy & CO2 Status Report 2018, The latest trends in energy and emissions in 2018, Global Energy and CO2 Status Report 2018.
Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century (REN21); Renewables Global Status Report: Paris, France, 2018.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy, Full report – 2018.
Jalilvand D, Renewable Energy for the Middle East and North Africa Policies for a Successful Transition, February 2012.
Hamilton K, Investing in Renewable Energy in the MENA, EEDP, Working Paper, Associate Fellow, Chatham House, June 2011.
IRENA, International Renewable Energy Agency, Renewable Energy in the Arab Region, Overview of developments, 2016.
Seznec J, Renewable Energy in the Middle East, Atlantic Council, GLOBAL ENERGY CENTER, 2018.
Nematollahi O, Hoghooghi H, Rasti M, Sedaghat A, Energy demands and renewable energy resources in the Middle East, 2015.
Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. Household Energy Survey January, 2018: Main Results.
Juaidi, A., Montoya, F., Ibrik, I. and Manzano-Agugliaro, F. (2016). An overview of renewable energy potential in Palestine. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 65, pp. 943-960.
Shaban O, Antar U, Case Study: “Renewable Energy in the Gaza Strip: Short, Mid, and Long Term concepts", Pal Think for Strategic Studies, Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, 2014.
MAS. The Electricity Sector: Current Status and The Need for Reform, 2014.
PERC, Palestinian Electricity Regulatory Council, Annual Report 2011.
Al Arda M, Sharqieh O, Taha M. Recommended National Sustainable Urban and Energy Savings Actions for Palestine, 2015.
Fathi Nassar, Y. and Yassin Alsadi, S. (2019). Assessment of solar energy potential in Gaza Strip-Palestine. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, 31, pp. 318-328.
De Meij, A.; Vinuesa, J.-F.; Maupas, V.; Waddle, J.; Price, I.; Yaseen, B.; Ismail, A. Wind energy resource mapping of Palestine. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 2016, 56, 551–562.
Kitaneh R, Alsamamra H, Aljunaidi A. Modeling of wind energy in some areas of Palestine. Energy Convers Manag 2012; 62 (0): 64–9. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.enconman. 2012.04.008 URL 〈http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/ article/pii/S0196890412001926〉.
Publications of the Applied Research Institute – Jerusalem (ARIJ). STATUS OF THE ENVIRONMENT IN THE STATE OF PALESTINE 2015. December 2015.
Valipour M. Study of different climatic conditions to assess the role of solar radiation in reference crop evapotranspiration equations. Arch Agron Soil Sci 2015; 61 (5): 679–94.
Ghattas R, Rishmawi K, Isaac J, Zboun I, Hilal J, Abu Zahra A, Khalifeh I, Opportunities and Challenges of Palestinian Development Actions in Area C, Publications of the Applied Research Institute – Jerusalem (ARIJ), 2016.
Khatib T, AlSadi S, PV System Penetration in the Palestinian Electrical Power System: A Review of Barriers and Technical Challenges, 2015.
Regional Center for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (RCREEE). Latest Electricity Price Schemes in RCREEE Member States, 2013.
Abu Hamed T, Flamm H. ASSESSING RENEWABLE ENERGY POTENTIAL IN PALESTINE. The Arava Institute for Environmental Studies. Dead Sea and Arava Science Center, 2012.
Yaseen B. Renewable energy applications in Palestine. Palestinian energy and environment research center (pec)–energy authority, technical department, Palestine. In: Proceedings of the 2nd international conference for the Palestinian environment, Palestine; 2009.
Ouda. M, Prospects of Renewable Energy in Gaza Strip, Energy Research and Development Center. The Islamic University of Gaza.
MAS. Kittanah. O, Hilow. M, Hamouda. A, Renewable Energy in the Palestinian Territory: Opportunities and Challenges, 2012.
Alaydi J, A PARAMETRIC STUDY OF SOLAR AND WIND ENERGY IN GAZA STRIP, International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume 4, Issue 12, December-2013.
Alaydi, J. A Survey on the Assessment of Wind Energy Potential in Gaza Strip. Wind Engineering; Multi Science Publishing; ISSN 0309-524X (Print); Renewable Energy and Wind Power; Issue; Volume 34, Number 5 / October 2010. pp. 531-541.
Elnaggar, M., Edwan, E. and Ritter, M. Wind Energy Potential of Gaza Using Small Wind Turbines: A Feasibility Study. Energies, (2017). 10 (8), p. 1229.
Abu Hamed T, Flamm H, Azraq M. Renewable energy in the Palestinian territories: opportunities and challenges. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 2012; 16: 1082–8.
Bkirat F, A Practical Sample of A Full Solar project proposal. Case Discribtion: Beit Jala Medical Association. High investment, Quick ROI, Profitability, Rack Tech Engineering Company-Jerusalem Jan- 2015.
PWC, Palestine solar initiative, Techrep, Palestinian Energy and Natural Resources Authority (2012). URL 〈http://www.erai.org/module/00003/4/data/ Files/Palestine%20Solar%20Initiative.pdf〉.
Shawon MJ, ElChaar L, Lamont LA. Overview of wind energy and its cost in the Middle East. Sustain Energy Technol Assess 2013; 2: 1–11.
Ismail MS, Moghavvemi M, Mahlia TMI. Energy trends in Palestinian territories of West Bank and Gaza Strip: possibilities for reducing the reliance on external energy sources. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 2013; 28: 117–29.
Shabbaneh R, Hasan A. Wind energy potential in Palestine. Renew Energy 1997; 11: 479–83.
Palestinian Metrological Authority, Ramallah 2007.
Mahmoud S. Abdel-Qader "Simulation of a Hybrid Power System Consisting of Wind Turbine, PV, Storage Battery and Diesel Generator with Compensation Network: Design, Optimization and Economical Evaluation" A thesis presented to the University of An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine, 2008.
Tahboub. R, Ibrik. I, Tamimi. M, The Potential and Feasibility of Solar and Wind Energy Applications in Al-Ahli Hospital. Al –Ahli Hospital technical department, Hebron -Palestine, 2011.
Alaydi, J. Assessment of wind energy potential in Gaza Strip. Frontiers of Energy and Power Engineering in China 2011; 5: 297–304.
Ismail. M, Feasibility of using microturbines instead of diesel generators as backup sources in PV/wind hybrid energy systems, 2015.
Al Badwawi R, Abusara M, Mallick T, A Review of Hybrid Solar PV and Wind Energy System, 2015.
Dradi. M, “Design and Techno-Economical Analysis of a Grid Connected with PV/ Wind Hybrid System in Palestine (Atouf Village-Case study),” Supervisor Dr. Imad Ibrik, An-Najah National University, Nablus-Palestine, 2012.