American Journal of Energy Engineering
Volume 2, Issue 1, January 2014, Pages: 27-36
Received: Jan. 13, 2014;
Published: Feb. 28, 2014
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Ahmed A. Rizk, Architectural Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, University of Tanta, Egypt; Visiting Professor of Architectural Engineering, University of Nebraska – Lincoln, South 67th Street, Peter Kiewit Institute, Omaha, NE
Gregor P. Henze, University of Colorado at Boulder, CEAE Department • 428 UCB, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0428 U.S.A
This survey paper offers a review of past and present studies related to air flow around multiple building configurations to achieve energy savings and thermal comfort in hot climate regions in the presence of increased urbanization. The purpose of this review paper is to provide guidelines based on previous studies for the successful design of group housing in a hot and arid climate such as Egypt to improve air flow around multiple rows of buildings. This study presents several types of courtyard designs inside houses that provide direct air flow at windward sides inside compactly planned buildings. Next, air flow is described around one individual building and two buildings that have a passage between them. Furthermore, air flow around buildings is discussed to include several rows of buildings that range from rectangular linear to square shapes with flat and jack roofs, where the main goal is to achieve appropriate wind velocity at inlet surfaces, especially at the second and the third rows of buildings, and to avoid turbulence zones caused by wind around building. Finally, the effect of topography and urban mass on global wind velocity at the city scale is discussed.
Ahmed A. Rizk,
Gregor P. Henze,
Survey of Airflow around Multiple Buildings, American Journal of Energy Engineering.
Vol. 2, No. 1,
2014, pp. 27-36.
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