Design, Manufacturing and Performance Evaluation of House Hold Gasifier Stove: A Case Study of Ethiopia
American Journal of Energy Engineering
Volume 2, Issue 4, July 2014, Pages: 96-102
Received: Sep. 9, 2014; Accepted: Sep. 18, 2014; Published: Sep. 30, 2014
Views 2671      Downloads 277
Authors
Dessie Tarekegn Bantelay, School of Mechanical & Industrial Engineering, Bahir Dar Institute of Technology, Bahir Dar, 26, Ethiopia
Nigus Gabbiye, School of Food & Chemical Engineering, Bahir Dar Institute of Technology, Bahir Dar, 26, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Biomass energy accounts for about 11% of the global primary energy supply, and it is estimated that about 2 billion people worldwide depend on biomass for their energy needs. Yet, most of the use of biomass is in an inefficient manner, primarily in developing countries, leading to a host of adverse implications on human health, environment, workplace conditions, and social wellbeing. Therefore, the utilization of biomass in a clean and efficient manner to deliver modern energy services to the world's poor remains an imperative for the development of community. One possible approach to do this is through the use of efficient biomass gasifiers. Although significant efforts have been directed towards developing and deploying biomass gasifiers in many countries, in Ethiopia especially the gasifiers have technical and economic barriers that hinder house hold gasifier dissemination and application. House hold gasifier stove design, manufacture and scaling up their dissemination remains an elusive goal. This article focuses on identification and evaluation of technical and economical limitations of house hold biomass gasifier stoves manufactured and distributed in Ethiopia. Then designing a family size standard gasifier stove and manufacture and evaluate the performance efficiency of the newly designed house hold gasifier stove. Finally device a mechanism that can improve the overall efficiency and applicability of house hold sized gasifier stoves.
Keywords
House Hold Gasifier Stove, Stove Design, Gasifier Stove Limitation, Improved Gasifier Stove
To cite this article
Dessie Tarekegn Bantelay, Nigus Gabbiye, Design, Manufacturing and Performance Evaluation of House Hold Gasifier Stove: A Case Study of Ethiopia, American Journal of Energy Engineering. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2014, pp. 96-102. doi: 10.11648/j.ajee.20140204.12
References
[1]
Ethiopian Electric Agency, 2002, Symposium Proceedings of Rural Electrification, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[2]
Richard, Wright.T Bernard and Nebel.J, 2002, Environmental Science, to Ward a Sustainable Future, New Delhi, India.
[3]
Ethiopian Forestry Action Program (1996)
[4]
DestaMaberatu and MulugetaTamire, 2002, Energy in Ethiopia; Status, Challenges and Prospects, Proceedings of Energy Conference 2002, Addis Ababa Ethiopia.
[5]
Improved rural woodstoves. October 2003. Ethiopian Rural Energy Development and Promotion Center. BTG biomass technology group BV
[6]
Ethiopia Rural Biomass Supply-side Strategy. March 2003. Ethiopian Rural Energy Development and Promotion Center. Biomass Technology Group BTG.BV
[7]
W. Gashie, 2005. Factors controlling Households Energy Use: Implication for the Conservation of the Environment. Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia:
[8]
Reddy, A.K.N, R.H Williams, 1997, New Opportunity in Energy Demand , Supply and Systems in energy After Rio-Prospective and challenges UNDP
[9]
YohannesShiferawSherka, June, 2011; Design and Performance Evaluation of Biomass Gasifier Stove, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa
[10]
Alexis T. Belonio, 2005, RICE HUSK GAS STOVE Hand BOOK, APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY CENTER, Iloilo City, Philippines,
[11]
Dr Simon Shackley: Biochar stoves, an innovative studies perspective; UK Biochar Research (UKBRC), school of Geosciences, Univrsity of Edinburgh. 8th April 2011.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186