American Journal of Energy Engineering
Volume 3, Issue 3, May 2015, Pages: 53-56
Received: Apr. 18, 2015;
Accepted: Apr. 25, 2015;
Published: May 12, 2015
Views 4140 Downloads 159
Huseyin Murat Cekirge, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Prince Mohamed Bin Fahd University, Al Khobar, KSA
A qualitative analysis for determining axis of a gas pipeline in view of general risk is outlined in the paper. The increasing building of gas pipelines for energy transportation vehicle, the importance of risk associated to this transport is gained strong importance. Risk assessment is an extremely useful tool in providing a framework in which to identify the possible hazards and determine the risks associated with gas pipelines. The determination of route, thickness, diameter and segment lengths is the major factor of constructing gas pipelines. The paper is presenting this risk in general and in a qualitative manner.
Huseyin Murat Cekirge,
Qualitative Risk of Gas Pipelines, American Journal of Energy Engineering.
Vol. 3, No. 3,
2015, pp. 53-56.
H. M. Cekirge, Safety Analysis, Maltepe Uni., Internal Rep. 1/1, Istanbul, 2010.
G. Pluvinage and M. H. Elwany (Editors) Safety, Reliability and Risks Associated with Water, Oil and Gas Pipelines, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security, Springer, 2007.
United States Congress Senate, To reduce risk to public safety and the environment associated with pipeline transportation of natural gas and hazardous liquids, and for other purposes, US Congress and Senate, Paperbackshop-US, Secaucus, NJ, 2010.
J.L. Kennedy, Oil and Gas Pipeline Fundamentals, Pinacle Books, Richford, VT, 1984.
Rizkalla, M. (editor), Pipeline Geo-Environmental Design and Geohazard Management, ASME, 2008.
W. K. Muhlbauer, Pipeline Risk Management Manual: Ideas, Techniques, and Resources, Gulf Publishing Services, Burlington, Mass., 2004
GIUSP, The Gas Industry Unsafe Situations Procedures– Edition 6, Including 1 & 2, 2 April 2012.
Young-Do Jo and Daniel A. Crowl, Individual risk analysis of high-pressure natural gas pipelines, Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, Volume 21, Issue 6, Pages 589–595, November 2008
IGEM, Institution of Gas Engineers & Managers, Assessing the risks from high pressure Natural Gas pipelines, IGEM/TD/2 Edition 2, Communication 1764, 2013.
E. W. McAllister, Pipeline Rules of Thumb Handbook, Elsevier Inc., 2005.
U.S. Department of Transportation, Natural Gas Pipeline Systems,(https://primis.phmsa.dot.gov/comm/NaturalGasPipelineSystems.htm), 2011.
R. Michael Reynolds, ALOHA (Areal Locations of Hazardous Atmospheres) 5.0 Theoretical Description, NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS ORCA-65, Seattle, Washington 98115, August 1992.
Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Adminstration, Gathering Pipelines: Frequently Asked Questions, (http://phmsa.dot.gov/portal/site/PHMSA/menuitem.ebdc7a8a7e39f2e55cf2031050248a0c/?vgnextoid=0a69c4d9aebb6310VgnVCM1000001ecb7898RCRD&vgnextchannel=623b143389d8c010VgnVCM1000008049a8c0RCRD&vgnextfmt=print), 2015.
Government Accountability Office, Pipeline Safety, (http://gao.gov/assets/590/589514.pdf), 2012.
W. E. Baker, P. A. Cox, P. S. Westine, J. J. Kulesz and R. A. Strehlow. Explosion Hazards and Evaluation. Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company, Amsterdam - Oxford - New York, 1983.
M. R. Hankinson, G. Ashworth and B. P. Mohsen Sanai and James D. Colton, "A Full Scale Experimental Study of Fires Following the Rupture of Natural Gas Transmission Lines," ASME Conference Proceedings, 2000.
Design Institute for Physical Property Data (DIPPR), American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE),given in DIPPR computer software, Version March 1995, Technical Database Services, Inc., 1995.
B31.8S 2001, Supplement to B31.8 on Managing System Integrity of Gas Pipelines. ASME International, New York, New York, January 31, 2002, Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS), Guidelines for Chemical Transportation, 2002.
Y. D. Jo and D. A. Crowl, Individual Risk Analysis of High-Pressure Natural Gaspipelines. Journal of LossPrevention in the Process Industries, 21, 589-595, (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jlp.2008.04.006), 2008.
D. P. Nolan, Applications of HAZOP and What-If Safety Reviews to the Petroleum, Petrochemical and ChemicalIndustries, Noyes Publications, Saddle River, 7, 1994.
Y. Y. Haimes, Risk Modelling, Assessment, and Management. 3rd Edition, John Wiley & Sons Inc., Hoboken, 2008.
7th Report of the European Gas Pipeline Incident Data Group, Gas Pipeline Incidents, December 2008, Document No. EGIG 08 TV-B 0502, 2008.