American Journal of Energy Engineering
Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2015, Pages: 86-92
Received: Oct. 7, 2015;
Accepted: Oct. 19, 2015;
Published: Nov. 16, 2015
Views 6567 Downloads 124
Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Trivedi Global Inc., Henderson, USA
Rama Mohan Tallapragada, Trivedi Global Inc., Henderson, USA
Alice Branton, Trivedi Global Inc., Henderson, USA
Dahryn Trivedi, Trivedi Global Inc., Henderson, USA
Gopal Nayak, Trivedi Global Inc., Henderson, USA
Rakesh Kumar Mishra, Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd., Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
Snehasis Jana, Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd., Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
Cotton has widespread applications in textile industries due its interesting physicochemical properties. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of biofield energy treatment on the spectral, and thermal properties of the cotton. The study was executed in two groups namely control and treated. The control group persisted as untreated, and the treated group received Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment. The control and treated cotton were characterized by different analytical techniques such as differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, and CHNSO analysis. DSC analysis showed a substantial increase in exothermic temperature peak of the treated cotton (450 ºC) as compared to the control sample (382ºC). Additionally, the enthalpy of fusion (∆H) was significantly increased by 86.47% in treated cotton. The differential thermal analysis (DTA) analysis showed an increase in thermal decomposition temperature of treated cotton (361ºC) as compared to the control sample (358ºC). The result indicated the increase in thermal stability of the treated cotton in comparison with the control. FT-IR analysis showed an alterations in –OH stretching (3408→3430 cm-1), carbonyl stretching peak (1713-1662 cm-1), C-H bending (1460-1431 cm-1), -OH bending (580-529 cm-1) and –OH out of plane bending (580-529 cm-1) of treated cotton with respect to the control sample. CHNSO elemental analysis showed a substantial increase in the nitrogen percentage by 19.16% and 2.27% increase in oxygen in treated cotton as compared to the control. Overall, the result showed significant changes in spectral and thermal properties of biofield energy treated cotton. It is assumed that biofield energy treated cotton might be interesting for textile applications.
Mahendra Kumar Trivedi,
Rama Mohan Tallapragada,
Rakesh Kumar Mishra,
Spectral and Thermal Properties of Biofield Energy Treated Cotton, American Journal of Energy Engineering.
Vol. 3, No. 6,
2015, pp. 86-92.
True AC (1896). The cotton plant. Washington: Govt. Printing Office.
Yafa S (2002) Cotton: The Biography of a Revolutionary Fiber. Penguin, USA.
Bailey AE (1948) Cottonseed and cottonseed products. Wiley Interscience, New York.
National Cottonseed Products Association, Inc. http:// www.cottonseed.com/publications.
Yin C, Li J, Xu Q, Peng Q, Liu Y, Shen X (2007) Chemical modification of cotton cellulose in supercritical carbon dioxide: Synthesis and characterization of cellulose carbamate. Carbohydrate Polymers 67: 147-154.
Kumar RS (2014) Textiles for Industrial Applications. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, Florida.
Shahidi S, Ghoranneviss M, Moazzenchi B, Rashidi A, Mirjalili M (2007) Investigation of antibacterial activity on cotton fabrics with cold plasma in the presence of a magnetic field. Plasma Processes and Polymers 4: S1098-S1103.
Windler L, Height M and Nowack B (2013) Comparative evaluation of antimicrobials for textile applications. Environment International 53: 62-73.
Mondal S (2008) Phase change materials for smart textiles-An overview. Applied Thermal Engineering 28: 1536-1550.
Nelson G (2001) Microencapsulation in textile finishing. Review of Progress in Coloration and related Topics 31: 57-64.
Fink HP, Weigel P, Purz HJ, Ganster J (2001) Structure formation of regenerated cellulose materials from NMMO-solutions. Progress in Polymer Science 26: 147-1524.
Gorgani AS, Najafi F, Karami Z (2015) Modification of cotton fabric with a dendrimer to improve ink-jet printing process. Carbohydrate Polymers 131: 168-176.
El Gendy, Eglal HK (2002) Modification of cotton fabrics via radiation graft copolymerization with acrylic acid, acrylonitrile and their mixtures. Indian Journal of Fiber and Textile Research 27: 266-273.
Trivedi MK, Patil S, Tallapragada RM (2013) Effect of biofield treatment on the physical and thermal characteristics of silicon, tin and lead powders. Journal of Material Science & Engineering 2: 125.
Trivedi MK, Patil S, Tallapragada RM (2013) Effect of biofield treatment on the physical and thermal characteristics of vanadium pentoxide powders. Journal of Material Science & Engineering S11, 001.
Trivedi M.K, Nayak G, Patil S, Tallapragada RM, Mishra R (2015) Influence of Biofield Treatment on Physicochemical Properties of Hydroxyethyl Cellulose and Hydroxypropyl Cellulose. Molecular Pharmaceutics & Organic Process Research 3: 126.
Barnes PM, Powell-Griner E, McFann K, Nahin RL (2004) Complementary and alternative medicine use among adults: United States, 2002. Seminars in Integrative Medicine 2: 54-71.
Warber SL, Cornelio D, Straughn J, Kile G (2004) Biofield energy healing from the inside. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 10: 1107-1113.
Patil SA, Nayak GB, Barve SS, Tembe RP, Khan RR (2012) Impact of biofield treatment on growth and anatomical characteristics of Pogostemon cablin (Benth.). Biotechnology 11: 154-162.
Trivedi MK, Patil S, Shettigar H, Bairwa K, Jana S (2015) Phenotypic and biotypic characterization of Klebsiella oxytoca: An impact of biofield treatment. Microbial and Biochemical Technology 7: 202-205.
Potter C (2012) Thermal analysis of textile fibers. AATCC Review 39-45.
Ibrahim SF, El-Amoudy ES, Shady KE (2011) Thermal analysis and characterization of some cellulosic fabrics dyed by a new natural dye and mordanted with different mordants. International Journal of Chemistry 3: 40-54.
Clamari TA, Donaldson DJ, Thibodeaux DP (1990) Distinguishing weathered from un-weathered cotton by thermal analysis. Amer Dyest Rep 79: 42-47.
Trivedi MK, Patil S, Mishra RK, Jana S (2015) Structural and physical properties of biofield treated thymol and menthol. Molecular Pharmaceutics & Organic Process Research 3: 127.
Wanna, JT, Powell JE (1993) Thermal decomposition of cotton cellulose treated with selected salts. Thermochimica Acta 226: 257-263.
Yue Y (2011) A comparative study of cellulose I and II fibers and nanocrystals. (MS Thesis).
Le CV, Ly NG, Postle R (1995) Heat and moisture transfer in textile assemblies. Part I steaming of wool, cotton, nylon and polyester fabric beds. Textile Research Journal 65: 203-212.
Kawabata S (2000) A guide line for manufacturing ideal fabrics. International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology 11: 134-144.
Coates J (2000) Interpretation of infrared spectra, a practical approach. In: Meyers, R, Ed, Encyclopedia of analytical chemistry. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester, England.
Himmelsbach DS, Akin DE, Kim J, Hardin IR (2003) Chemical structural investigation of the cotton fiber base and associated seed coat: Fourier-transform infrared mapping and histochemistry. Textile Research Journal 73: 218-288.
Boeriu C, Bravo D, Gosselink RJA, van Dam JEJ (2004) Characterization of structure-dependent functional properties of lignin with infrared spectroscopy. Industrial Crops and Products 20: 205-218.
Chung C, Myunghee L, Choe E (2004) Characterization of cotton fabric scouring by FT-IR ATR spectroscopy. Carbohydrate Polymers 58: 417-420.
Rana AK, Basak RK, Mitra BC, Lawther M, Banerjee AN (1997) Studies of acetylation of jute using simplified procedure and its characterization. Journal of Applied Polymer Science 64: 1517-1523.
Grobe A (1989) In: Brandru, J, Immergut EH, Eds, Polymer Handbook, John Wiley, New York.
Günzler H, Gremlich HU (2002) IR Spectroscopy-An Introduction. Wiley-VCH, Weinheim.
Pavia DL, Lampman GM, Kriz GS (2001) Introduction to spectroscopy. (3rdedn), Thomson Learning, Singapore.
Livingston SD, Stichle CR (1995) Correcting Nitrogen Deficiencies in Cotton with Urea-Based Products. The Texas A&M University System, College Station, Texas.