Biodiesel Synthesis with Iron Oxide Nano-Catalyst Catalyzed Pongamia Pinnata Seed Oil and Dimethyl Carbonate
American Journal of Energy Engineering
Volume 6, Issue 3, September 2018, Pages: 21-28
Received: Oct. 20, 2018; Accepted: Nov. 2, 2018; Published: Nov. 28, 2018
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Balaji Panchal, Key Laboratory for Resource Exploration Research, Hebei University of Engineering, Handan, China
Qin Shenjun, Key Laboratory for Resource Exploration Research, Hebei University of Engineering, Handan, China
Wang Jinxi, Key Laboratory for Resource Exploration Research, Hebei University of Engineering, Handan, China
Bian Kai, Key Laboratory for Resource Exploration Research, Hebei University of Engineering, Handan, China
Tao Chang, Key Laboratory for Resource Exploration Research, Hebei University of Engineering, Handan, China
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The aim of this research was to investigate the biodiesel production from Pongamia pinnata seed oil and dimethyl carbonate with an iron oxide nano-catalyzed transesterification reaction. A significant biodiesel yield (96%) was obtained with optimal operating conditions as the dimethyl carbonate to oil molar ratio (5:1), iron oxide nano-catalyst (50 mg% based on oil weight), agitation speed of 150 rpm and 60°C temperature for 5 h reaction time. The produced methyl esters from the transesterification process were confirmed to be almost identical to commercial standard biodiesel by thin layer chromatography. The produced methyl esters were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry using an internal standard. Properties of methyl esters were characterized such as kinematic viscosity at 40°C, specific gravity at 25°C, flash point, cloud point, pour point, copper strip corrosion and acid value. The properties of the produced biodiesel were within the specifications of the American biodiesel standard, ASTM D6751-02. The results showed that all of tested reaction variables in this study had positive effects. In this research studied, a novel method has developed for production of biodiesel under mild conditions using DMC and iron oxide nano-catalyst. Iron oxide nano-catalyst could be potential candidate for use in the large-scale biodiesel production.
Pongamia Pinnata Oil, Iron Oxide Nano-catalyst, Dimethyl Carbonate, TLC, GC-MS
To cite this article
Balaji Panchal, Qin Shenjun, Wang Jinxi, Bian Kai, Tao Chang, Biodiesel Synthesis with Iron Oxide Nano-Catalyst Catalyzed Pongamia Pinnata Seed Oil and Dimethyl Carbonate, American Journal of Energy Engineering. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2018, pp. 21-28. doi: 10.11648/j.ajee.20180603.11
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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