American Journal of Energy Engineering
Volume 6, Issue 3, September 2018, Pages: 29-37
Received: Oct. 22, 2018;
Accepted: Nov. 7, 2018;
Published: Nov. 30, 2018
Views 437 Downloads 55
Emmanuel Ouédraogo, Department of Physics and Chemistry, Formation and Research Unit in Sciences and Technologies, University of Ouahigouya, Ouahigouya, Burkina Faso
Ousmane Coulibaly, Department of Physics, Formation and Research Unit in Exact and Applied Sciences, University Ouaga 1 Pr Joseph KI-ZERBO, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Kossi Bouto Imbga, Department of Physics, Formation and Research Unit in Exact and Applied Sciences, University Ouaga 1 Pr Joseph KI-ZERBO, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Ouamnoaga Alain Gilbert Koala, Bioclimatic Architecture Agency, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Abdoulaye Ouédraogo, Department of Physics and Chemistry, Formation and Research Unit in Sciences and Technologies, University of Ouahigouya, Ouahigouya, Burkina Faso
Florent Pèlèga Kieno, Department of Physics and Chemistry, Formation and Research Unit in Sciences and Technologies, University of Ouahigouya, Ouahigouya, Burkina Faso
Diendonné Joseph Bathiebo, Department of Physics and Chemistry, Formation and Research Unit in Sciences and Technologies, University of Ouahigouya, Ouahigouya, Burkina Faso
This article presents a study of the performance of a typical building with walls made of local materials. The work consisted in evaluating the thermal comfort in a building built of cut lateritic blocks. This study is a contribution to the development of thermal regulations in Burkina Faso, a country with a dry tropical climate. It will also contribute to solve housing problems in rural and peri-urban areas through the construction of decent housing. The proposed standard building was modelled using TRNSYS software and the simulation determined the atmosphere (relative air temperatures and humidity) in the building's rooms. Air temperature values range from 25.5°C to 31.6°C in the Yako side block rooms. A reduction in the temperature and relative humidity values of the internal air and a high damping of the internal thermal amplitudes have been observed. However, the temperature values have shown that thermal comfort is not achieved in the rooms during the hot periods of the year. This comfort is improved with the use of Reo blocks, because there is a decrease from 1.0 to 1.5°C in the monthly average values of the internal temperature. However, comfort deteriorates when the walls are made of Bobo-Dioulasso lateritic bricks due to the minimum increase in the average temperature of 0.5°C. The values of energy consumption ratios, thermal phase shift times and damping factors show that the building has good energy performance.
Kossi Bouto Imbga,
Ouamnoaga Alain Gilbert Koala,
Florent Pèlèga Kieno,
Diendonné Joseph Bathiebo,
Designing an Energy-Efficient Building in a Context of Helping Self-Build, American Journal of Energy Engineering.
Vol. 6, No. 3,
2018, pp. 29-37.
Institute of Energy and the Environment of the Francophonie, (2006). PRISME Datasheets, Energy Efficiency Codes for Buildings, http://www.iepf.org/.
Institute of Energy and the Environment of the Francophonie, (2002). Books PRISME, Energy Efficiency of Air Conditioning in Tropical Region, Volume 1: Design of New Buildings, 186 pages, www.iepf.org.
General Directorate of Energy Energy Audit, and Domestic Energy Strategy (SED), (2003). Ministry of Energy and Mines of Burkina Faso.
Edward Halawa, Amirhosein Ghaffarianhoseini, Ali Ghaffarianhoseini, Jeremy Trombley, Norhaslina Hassan, Mirza Baig, SafiahYusmahYusoff, Muhammad Azzam Ismail, (2018). A review on energy conscious designs of building façades in hot and humid climates: Lessons for (and from) Kuala Lumpur and Darwin. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 82 (3) 2147-2161.
Seyedehzahra Mirrahimi, Mohd Farid Mohamed, Lim Chin Haw, Nik Lukman NikIbrahim, Wardah Fatimah Mohammad Yusoff, Ardalan Aflaki, (2016). The effect of building envelope on the thermal comfort and energy saving for high-rise buildings in hot–humid climate. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 53, 1508-1519.
Zhengen Ren, Dong Chen, (2018). Modeling study of the impact of thermal comfort criteria on housing energy use in Australia. Applied Energy, 210, 152–166.
Loyde V. de Abreu-Harbich, Victor L. A. Chaves, Maria Carolina G. O. Brandstetter, (2018). Evaluation of strategies that improve the thermal comfort and energy saving of a classroom of an institutional building in a tropical climate. Building and Environment, 135, 257-268.
Trupti J. Dabe, Vinayak S. Adane, (2018). The impact of building profiles on the performance of daylight and indoor temperatures in low-rise residential building for the hot and dry climatic zones. Building and Environment, 140, 173-183.
David Y. K. Toguyeni, Ousmane Coulibaly, Abdoulaye Ouedraogo, Jean Koulidiati, Yvan Dutilc, Daniel Rousse, (2012). Study of the influence of roof insulation involving local materials on cooling loads of houses built of clay and straw. Energy and Buildings, 50, 74–80.
Compaore A., Ouedraogo B., Guengane H., Malbila E., Bathiebo D. J., (2017). Role of Local Building Materials on the Energy Behaviour of Habitats in Ouagadougou. IRA International Journal of Applied Sciences, 8 (2), 63-72.
Abdoulaye Compaore, Boureima Dianda, Gilbert Nana, D. Joseph Bathiebo, Belkacem Zeghmati, Xavier Chesneau and Stéphane Abide, (2018). Modeling of Heat Transfer in a Habitat Built in Local Materials in Dry Tropical Climate. Physical Science International Journal, 7 (1): 1-11.
Emmanuel Ouédraogo, Ousmane Coulibaly, B. Kossi Imbga, P. Florent Kiéno and Abdoulaye Ouédraogo, (2018). Experimental Study of the Thermo-physical Properties of Lateritic Blocks Used in the Habitat in Dry Tropical Climate. Physical Science International Journal, 19 (2): 1-10.
Lawane A., Vinai R., Pantet A., Thomassin J. H, (2011). Characterisation of laterite stone as building material in Burkina Faso. Scientific day 2IE.
Abdou Lawane, Anne Pantet, Raffaele Vinai, Jean Hugues Thomassin, (2011). Geological and geomechanical study of the laterites of Dano (Burkina Faso) for a use in the habitat. The annals BTP.; n° 1n°6.
Ousmane Coulibaly, Emmanuel Ouedraogo, Abdoulaye Ouedraogo et Jean Koulidiati, (2015). Determination of typical meteorological years used for thermal and energy simulation of buildings in ten cities of Burkina Faso. Afrique Science, 11 (6), 158-169.
E. Ouedraogo, O. Coulibaly et A. Ouedraogo, (2012). Elaboration of a typical meteorological year for the city of Ouagadougou for study the energy performances of buildings, Revue des Energies Renouvelables, 15 (1), 77–90.
Emmanuel Ouedraogo, (2015). Determination of basic climate data and characterization of compressed earth blocks for the study of thermal comfort in the building in dry tropical climate, PhD Thesis, University of Ouagadougou.
O. Coulibaly; A. Ouedraogo; J. Koulidiati, P. Abadie; (2013). Thermal study of a double-wall bioclimatic building called NEWANGO: thermal inertia, comfort and energy consumption, Francophone energy link, 94, 80-86.
Shokhida Safarova, (2017). Thermal Performance of 6 Star Rated Houses in the Hot and Humid Tropical Climate of Darwin. Procedia Engineering, 180, 510-519.
Ousmane Coulibaly, (2011). Contribution to the elaboration of thermal and energy regulation of buildings in Burkina Faso: Multiparametric basic data and thermo-aeraulic modeling under CoDyBa and TRNSYS. PhD thesis, University of Ouagadougou.