Experimental Study of Hydrodynamics in the Aquarium Using PIV Method
American Journal of Energy Engineering
Volume 7, Issue 4, December 2019, Pages: 74-79
Received: Oct. 12, 2019; Accepted: Nov. 20, 2019; Published: Dec. 4, 2019
Views 395      Downloads 107
Djimako Bongo, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Higher National Institute of Science and Technology of Abéché, Abéché, Ouaddaï, Chad
Alexis Mouangué Nanimina, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Higher National Institute of Science and Technology of Abéché, Abéché, Ouaddaï, Chad
Edith Kadjangaba, Department of Hydrogeology, Faculty of Exact and Applied Sciences, University of N’Djamena, N’Djamena, Chad
Jean-Yves Champagne, Laboratory of Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics, INSA-Lyon, Lyon, France
Article Tools
Follow on us
The purpose of this study is to determine the phase indicator functions (vacuum rate, velocity and bubble size) of the gas-liquid flow. The gas-liquid flows in these columns (aquarium) are intrinsically unstable and the dynamics of such flows influence the mixing and mass transfer performance. It is therefore important to characterize the dynamics of gas-liquid flow. Also, the complete knowledge of the global dynamics of the fluids of the bubble column is based on that of the bubble. The experimental analysis is carried out using a two-phase instrumentation consisting of an optical fiber bi-probe. The use of the experimental techniques has enabled a better understanding of the hydrodynamics of two-phase flow. In terms of results, intrusive techniques provide local measurements while non-intrusive techniques provide a distribution over a cross-section with different spatial and temporal resolutions. The optical fiber bi-probe placed between two column flanges permit to have a complete mapping of the dispersed phase flow. The use of a mass flow meter and an ultrasonic flow meter, in different flow configurations, made it possible to obtain data on the operation of the column. However, the analysis of granulometry of the bubbles in the columns is performed by intrusive, flow-disrupting and non-intrusive techniques. Knowledge of bubble size and vacuum rate is crucial for determining interfacial air.
Flow, Hydrodynamics, PIV, Aquarium, Bubbles
To cite this article
Djimako Bongo, Alexis Mouangué Nanimina, Edith Kadjangaba, Jean-Yves Champagne, Experimental Study of Hydrodynamics in the Aquarium Using PIV Method, American Journal of Energy Engineering. Vol. 7, No. 4, 2019, pp. 74-79. doi: 10.11648/j.ajee.20190704.11
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
J. Chaouki, et al., noninvasive tomographic and velocimetric monitoring of multiphase flows. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 36, (1997) 4476–503.
A. H. Barkaï et al., Freshwater Purification by Vacuum Airlift Column Using Methyl Isobutyl Carbinol and Casein. Open Journal of Applied Sciences, 2019, 9, 230-239.
D. Bongo et al., Study of the Transfer of CO2-H2O Mass in an Aquarium under the Influence of one Oscillating Railing. IJIRSET. Vol. 6, Issue 10, October 2017.
B. Barru, et al., Mass transfer efficiency of a vacuum airlift - Application to water recycling in aquaculture systems. Aquacult. Eng (2011).
B. Barru. Etude et optimisation du fonctionnement d’une colonne airlift à dépression - Application à l’aquaculture. (2011).
A. H. Barkaï et al., Etude par bi-sonde optique d’un écoulement à bulles d’une colonne air-lift sous dépression. 23 ème Congrès Français de Mécanique, 2017.
Albani, J. R. (2001). Absorption et fluorescence: principes et applications. Paris, tec & doc edition.
Yu W., Wang T. F., Liu M., Wang Z. W., 2008. Bubble Circulation Regimes in a Multi-Stage Internal-Loop Airlift Reactor. Chem. Eng. J. 142, 301–30.
Chaumat, H., Billet-Duquenne, Delmas, H., 2007b. Hydrodynamics and mass transfer in bubble column: Influence of liquid phase surface tension. Chemical Engineering Science 62, 7378–7390.
Painmanakul, P., Loubière, K., Hébrard, G., Mietton-Peuchot, M., Roustan, M., 2005. Effect of surfactants on liquid-side mass transfer coefficients, Chemical Engineering Science 60, 6480-6491.
H. Chaumat, et al., on the reliability of an optical fibre probe in bubble column under industrial relevant operating conditions. Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci. 31, 2007, 495–504.
B. K. Singh, et al., Dynamics of gas–liquid flow in a cylindrical bubble column: Comparison of electrical resistance tomography and voidage probe measurements. Chem. Eng. Sci. 158 (2017) 124–139.
P. Zehner, and M. Kraume, 2000. Bubble Columns. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry.
G. Besagni, et al., The dual effect of viscosity on bubble column hydrodynamics. Chemical Engineering Science 158 (2017) 509–538.
B. J. Azzopardi, al., Bubble columns, in: Hydrodynamics of Gas–Liquid Reactors: Normal Operation and Upset Conditions, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2011.
S. Besbes, al., PIV measurements and Eulerian–Lagrangian simulations of the unsteady gas–liquid flow in a needle sparger rectangular bubble column. Chem. Eng. Sci. 126, (2015) 560–572.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186