Comparative Study of Stability Range of Proposed PI Controllers for Tidal Current Turbine Driving DFIG
International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy
Volume 2, Issue 2, March 2013, Pages: 51-62
Received: Mar. 10, 2013; Published: Mar. 10, 2013
Views 2971      Downloads 118
Authors
Hamed H. H. Aly, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, B3H 4R2, Canada
M. E. El-Hawary, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, B3H 4R2, Canada
Article Tools
PDF
Follow on us
Abstract
Renewable energy in the power grid system is one of the most important topics in electricity generating now and into the future. The increasing penetration of this type of energy makes it very important for researchers to put the spot on. Tidal current energy is one of the most rapidly growing technologies for generating electric energy. Within that frame, tidal current energy is surging to the fore. The doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) is one of the most commonly used generators associated with tidal current and offshore wind turbines. The aim of the present work is to dedicate control strategies for the DFIG, enabling the turbines to act as an active component in the power system. This paper describes the overall dynamic models of tidal current turbine driving DFIG connected to a single machine infinite bus system and proposed two PI controllers used for improving the power system stability. DFIG is tested for small signal stability analysis. The overall system is verified. The system is tested using different values of controllers coefficients to determine the preferred ranges of values of the controllers coefficients for the system stability. The overall results are discussed and proved the importance of the proposed controllers.
Keywords
Tidal Current Power, Direct Drive Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator (DDPMSG), Doubly Fed In-duction Generator (DFIG), Power System Stability
To cite this article
Hamed H. H. Aly, M. E. El-Hawary, Comparative Study of Stability Range of Proposed PI Controllers for Tidal Current Turbine Driving DFIG, International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2013, pp. 51-62. doi: 10.11648/j.ijrse.20130202.15
References
[1]
"Tidal Stream" Available online (January 2011), http://www.tidalstream.co.uk/html/background.html
[2]
"Tidal Currents" Available online (April 2011), http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/earth/oceanography/ocean-current4.htm
[3]
Hamed H. H. Aly, and M. E. El-Hawary "State of the Art for Tidal Currents Electrical Energy Resources", 24th Annual Canadian IEEE Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada, 2011.
[4]
Hamed H. Aly, and M. E. El-Hawary "An Overview of Offshore Wind Electrical Energy Systems" 23rd Annual Canadian IEEE Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, May 2-5, 2010.
[5]
Marcus V. A. Nunes, J. A. Peças Lopes, Hans Helmut, Ubiratan H. Bezerra, and Rogério G. "Influence of the Variable-Speed Wind Generators in Transient Stability Margin of the Conventional Generators Integrated in Electrical Grids" IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, 2004.
[6]
J.G. Slootweg, H. Polinder and W.L. Kling"Dynamic Modeling of a Wind Turbine with Doubly Fed Induction Generator" IEEE Power Engineering Society Summer Meeting, 2001.
[7]
Janaka B. Ekanayake, Lee Holdsworth, XueGuang Wu, and Nicholas Jenkins" Dynamic Modeling of Doubly Fed Induction Generator Wind Turbines" IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 18, No. 2, May 2003.
[8]
M.J.Khan, G. Bhuyan, A. Moshref, K. Morison, "An Assessment of Variable Characteristics of the Pacific Northwest Regions Wave and Tidal Current Power Resources, and their Interaction with Electricity Demand & Implications for Large Scale Development Scenarios for the Region," Tech. Rep. 17485-21-00 (Rep 3), Jan. 2008.
[9]
Lucian Mihet-Popa, Frede Blaabjerg, and Ion Boldea," Wind Turbine Generator Modeling and Simulation Where Rotational Speed is the Controlled Variable" IEEE Transactions On Industry Applications, Vol. 58, No. 1, January/February 2004.
[10]
Seif Eddine Ben Elghali, Rémi Balme, Karine Le Saux, Mohamed El Hachemi Benbouzid, Jean Frédéric Charpentier, and Frédéric Hauville "A Simulation Model for the Evaluation of the Electrical Power Potential Harnessed by a Marine Current Turbine" IEEE Journal of Ocean Engineering, October 2007.
[11]
Hamed H. H. Aly, and M. E. El-Hawary, "Small Signal Stability Analysis of Tidal In-Stream Turbine Using DDPMSG with and without Controller" IEEE Annual Electrical Power and Energy Conference, Winnipeg, Canada, 2011.
[12]
Yazhou Lei, Alan Mullane, Gordon Lightbody, and Robert Yacamini "Modeling of the Wind Turbine with a Doubly Fed Induction Generator for Grid Integration Studies" IEEE Transaction on Energy Conversion, Vol. 28, No. 1, March 2006.
[13]
F. Wu, X.-P. Zhang, and P. Ju "Small signal stability analysis and control of the wind turbine with the direct-drive permanent magnet generator integrated to the grid" Journal of Electric Power and Engineering Research, 2009.
[14]
F. Wu, X.-P. Zhang, and P. Ju "Small signal stability analysis and optimal control of a wind turbine with doubly fed induction generator" IET Journal of Generation, Transmission and Distribution, 2007.
[15]
Hamed H. Aly "Forecasting, Modeling, and Control of Tidal currents Electrical Energy Systems"PhD thesis, Halifax, Canada. 2012.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186