Effect of Particle Size and Moisture Content on Cassava Root Pellet Fuel’S Qualities Follow the Acceptance of Pellet Fuel Standard
International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy
Volume 2, Issue 2, March 2013, Pages: 74-79
Received: Mar. 2, 2013;
Published: Mar. 10, 2013
Views 3841 Downloads 279
Sonthi Warajanont, Dept. Mechanical Engineering, Silpakorn University, Nakornpathom, Thailand
Nitipong Soponpongpipat, Dept. Mechanical Engineering, Silpakorn University, Nakornpathom, Thailand
This research studied about pellet fuel standards around the world and the effect of particle size and moisture content on cassava pellet fuel’s qualities. The sample pellet fuel from cassava root was produced in flat die pellet mill at controlling temperature 80-90 ºC. The studying parameters were particle size and moisture content. The particle size was defined by hammer mill screen sizes : 1, 4, and 10 millimeters. In the part of moisture content was defined by quantities of water addition in cassava root : 10, 20, and 30 % by raw cassava root mass. All different compound samples, cassava root pellet fuel were tested by PFI standard (The United State of America’s pellet fuel standard). The qualities of pellet fuel were diameter, length, moisture content, durability, fine, heating value, and bulk density. The result from testing shown that all cassava root pellet fuel samples passed the criterion of PFI standard and other pellet fuel standards. From this result indicated that the particle size and moisture content didn’t influence with all different compound cassava root pellet fuel samples.
Effect of Particle Size and Moisture Content on Cassava Root Pellet Fuel’S Qualities Follow the Acceptance of Pellet Fuel Standard, International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy.
Vol. 2, No. 2,
2013, pp. 74-79.
Spatial biomass potential of Thailand in 2009. Information on http:// www.dede.go.th, (cited 17.02.2013).
Zhijia Liu, Xing’e Liu, Benhua Fei, Zehui Jiang, Zhiyong Cai, and Yan Yu, "The properties of pellets from mixing bamboo and rice straw," Renewable Energy 55, pp. 1-5, 2013.
Anton Leander Schuller, "Developing a Wood Pellet Fuel Sector in South Yorkshire," 2004.
Brigitte Hahn, "Existing Guidelines and Quality Assurance for Fuel Pellets," 2004.
A. Garcia-Maraver, V. Popov, and M. Zamorano, "A review of European standard for pellet quality," Renewable Energy 36, pp. 3537-3540, 2011.
Samson, R., P. Duxbuy, M. Drisdelle, and C. Lapointe, "As-sessment of Pelletized Biofuels," 2000.
Gil, M.V., P. Oulego, C. Pevida, J.J. Pis, and F. Rubiera, "Mechanical durability and combustion characteristics of pellets from biomass blends," Biomass Technology 101, pp. 8859-8867, 2010.
Stahl, M., K. Granstrom, J. Berghel, and R. Renstrom, "In-dustrial processes for biomass drying and their effects on the quality properties of wood pellets," Biomass and Bioenergy 27, pp. 621-628, 2004.
Zamorano, M., V. Popov, M.L. Rodriguez, and Gar-cia-Maraver, "A comparative study of quality properties of pelletized agricultural and forestry lopping residues," Re-newable Energy , pp. 1-8, 2011.
Theerarattananoon, K., F. Xu, J. Wilson, R. Ballard, L. Mckinney, S. Staggenborg, P. Vadlani. Z.J. Pei, and D. Wang, "Physical properties of pellets made from sorghum stalk, corn stover, wheat straw, and big bluestem," Industrial Crops and Products 33, pp. 325-332, 2011.
Nalladurai Kaliyan and R. Vance Morey, "Factor affecting strength and durability of densified biomass products," Biomass and Bioenergy 33, pp. 337-359, 2009.
Wolfgang Stelte, Jens K. Holm, Anand R. Sanadi, Soren Barsberg, and Jesper Ahrenfeldt, "Fuel pellets from biomass : The importance of the pelletizing pressure and its dependency on the processing conditions," Fuel 90, pp. 3285-3290, 2011.
Wolfgang Stelte, Anand R. Sanadi and others, "Recent De-velopments in Biomass Pelletization – A Review," BioRe-sourse 7, pp. 4451-4490, 2012.
Dan Bergstrom, Samanuel Israelsson, Marcus Ohman, Sten-Axel Dahlqvist, Rolf Gref, Christoffer Boman, and Iwan Wasterlund, "Effect of raw material particle size distribution on the characteristic of Scots pine sawdust fuel pellets," Fuel Processing Technology 89, pp. 1324-1329, 2008.
Gilbert, P., C. Ryu, V. Sharifi, and J. Swithenbank, "Effect of process paprameters on pelletisation of herbaceous crops," Fuel 88, pp. 1491-1497, 2009.
Tore Filbakk, Geir Skjevrak, Olav Hoibo, Janka Dibdiakava, and Raida Jirjis, "The influence of storage and drying methods for Scots pine raw material on mechanical pellet properties and production parameters," Fuel Processing Technology 92, pp. 871-8778, 2011.
Jarinee Jongpluempiti, and Kiatfa Tangchaichit, "Comparison proximate analysis and heating value between cassava rhizome and perennial wood," Advanced Materials Research Vols. 415-417, pp. 1693-1696, 2012.
Jerome H. Cherney, Vijay Kumar Verna, "Grass pellet Quality index: A tool to evaluate suitability of grass pellets for small scale combustion system," Applied Energy 103, pp. 679-684, 2013.
Pellet Fuels Institute Standard Specification for Residen-tial/Commercial Densified, 2010.
ASTM International. (2010). "E 871-82: Standard Test Me-thods for Moisture Analysis of Particulate Wood Fuels." Annual book of ASTM Standards, 11.06: 107-108.
ASTM International. (2010). "E 711-87: Standard Test Me-thods for Gross Calorific Value of Refuse-Derived Fuel by the Bomb Calorimeter." Annual book of ASTM Standards, 11.04: 734-741.
ASTM International. (2010). "E 873-82: Standard Test Method for Bulk Density of Densified Particulate Biomass Fuels." Annual book of ASTM Standards, 11.06: 112-113.