Energy Demand & Prospect of Geothermal Energy as the Solution of Energy Crisis of Bangladesh – an Approach to Green Energy Solution
International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy
Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2013, Pages: 217-221
Received: Oct. 22, 2013; Published: Nov. 10, 2013
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Authors
A. S. M. Monjurul Hasan, Department of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, IUT, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md Habibullah, Department of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, IUT, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Khaza Newaz Muhammad, Department of Computer Science & Engineering, IUT, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Mohammad Walid Bin Siraj, Department of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Fatih University, Turkey
Md Ahsan Kabir, Department of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, IUT, Dhaka, Bangladesh
A. S. M. Muhaiminul Hasan, Department of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, AUST, Dhaka, Bangladesh
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Abstract
Bangladesh has among the lowest per capita energy (240 kg oil equivalents) consumption in the world and is severely dependent on additional environmentally friendly renewable energy resources in the future. Among the possible energy resources that could be explored is the potential geothermal energy in regions of higher geothermal gradients with favorable geo-tectonic setting and ideal petro-physical properties. A preliminary examination of bottom hole temperatures of a large number of on-shore wells spread over a vast area in the eastern part of the country, especially in Thakurgaon-Mymensingh-Sunamgonj-Sylhet through in the Bengal fore deep, strongly suggests that several other areas are of great interest for further studies in order to determine their geothermal energy potential. Bangladesh has witnessed a high demand for uninterrupted electricity due to rapid civilization in the last few years. Bangladesh needs now a reliable green energy sources as its power sector beset by many infrastructural problems (inefficient transmission system, very old power stations and cumbersome decision making process). Bangladesh has taken initiative to generate 25000MW electricity within 2021. In this regard, geothermal energy can be a viable and useful alternative and this paper proposes the prospects of its introduction to the power sector of Bangladesh. In this paper, a study is presented that shows the suitable locations in Bangladesh where geothermal power plants can be set up easily. Recently, the Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources has approved the establishment of the first ever geothermal power plant (200MW) in the country. A total of approximately 1000 MW can be added into the energy grid of Bangladesh through geothermal power systems. The geothermal energy is green, indigenous, locally occurring and continuously available independent of climatic changes. It will help to reduce the huge oil bill that the country is facing now, provided the national planners give adequate attention and support for the development of geothermal energy at a rapid pace to reduce the severe electricity crisis in Bangladesh as other energy resources like peat, hydropower, nuclear, wind, tidal / waves are not significant at present.
Keywords
Geothermal Power System, Surface Temperature, Tectonic-Structural Region, Renewable Energy
To cite this article
A. S. M. Monjurul Hasan, Md Habibullah, Khaza Newaz Muhammad, Mohammad Walid Bin Siraj, Md Ahsan Kabir, A. S. M. Muhaiminul Hasan, Energy Demand & Prospect of Geothermal Energy as the Solution of Energy Crisis of Bangladesh – an Approach to Green Energy Solution, International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2013, pp. 217-221. doi: 10.11648/j.ijrse.20130206.15
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