Please enter verification code
Technical Issues on Integration of Wind Farms with Power Grid- A Review
International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy
Volume 3, Issue 5, September 2014, Pages: 87-91
Received: Aug. 5, 2014; Accepted: Aug. 20, 2014; Published: Sep. 10, 2014
Views 3468      Downloads 402
Sajid Hussain Qazi, Faculty Electrical Engineering, University Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Johor Bahru, Malaysia; Department of Electrical Engineering, Mehran UET SZAB Campus, Khairpur Mir’s, Pakistan
Mohammad Wazir Bin Mustafa, Faculty Electrical Engineering, University Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Johor Bahru, Malaysia
Article Tools
Follow on us
The unceasing and phenomenal rise in oil prices and drastic need to reduce gas emissions causing to craft policies to boost the energy generation through the renewable energies. The non-conventional energy sources like wind power, mini-hydro, solar, etc having a significant contribution in energy production. The empathy and effective use of renewable energy resources are the plunge areas in the development of energy sector. Among all these wind energy is one of the utmost atmosphere pleasant, clean and benign energy assets. The wind energy will remain to be the chief in renewable energy sector in any country. The assimilation of wind energy into current power system boons technical challenges of power quality measurements such as variation of voltage, reactive power, flicker, harmonics, and electrical behavior of switching operation. So to have consistent renewable energy it is necessary to reduce these problems associated with the addition of renewable energy into the power grid. So the major purpose of this paper is to study the practical encounters that affect quality of power included: voltage flicker, Impact of nonlinear load on harmonics generation, reactive power, switching operation in the power system and the damages caused by these issues.
Wind Generation, Voltage Flicker, Harmonics, Voltage Stability
To cite this article
Sajid Hussain Qazi, Mohammad Wazir Bin Mustafa, Technical Issues on Integration of Wind Farms with Power Grid- A Review, International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2014, pp. 87-91. doi: 10.11648/j.ijrse.20140305.11
Gol,O, Renewable energy–panacea for climate change? In Proceedings of the International Conference on Renewable Energies and Power Quality, Santander, 2008.
Wind-grid integration brief, Technical Report, Caribbean Renewable Energy Development Programme,2005.Availableat: / jsp/projects/wind-grid_integration.pdfS, 2012, [access10.07.12].
S.W Mohod, M.V Aware, “A STATCOM control scheme for grid connected wind energy system for power quality improvement”, IEEE System Journal, Vol.2, issue 3, pp.346-352, Sept.2010.
Ming, Z,Lixin, H,Fam, Yand Danwei, J,Research of the Problems of Renewable Energy Orderly Combined to the Grid in Smart Grid. In: Proceedings of the Power and Energy Engineering Conference,2010.
Liserre M, Sauter T, Hung JY. Future energy systems: integrating renewable energy sources in to the smart power grid through industrial electronics. IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine 2010;4(1):18–37.
Cartwright P. Connecting renewables: the challenge of integrating large offshore wind farms. Journal of Refocus, ELSEVIER2006;7:24–6.
Hasan, Nor Shahida, Mohammad Yusri Hassan, Md Shah Majid, and Hasimah Abdul Rahman. "Review of storage schemes for wind energy system s", Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2013.
Golovanov, Nicolae; Lazaroiu, George Cristian; Roscia, Maria cristina and Zaninelli ,Dario. "Power Quality Assessment in Small Scale Renewable Energy Sources Supplying Distribution Systems", Energies (19961073), 2013.
K.L.Deshmukh, S.M.Shembekar, D.U.Adokar. Problems Associated With Wind Power Generation INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCED ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS, 2014 (CSIR-NISCAIR ISSN NO: 2277-7318).
J.J. Gutierrez, J. Ruiz, A. Lazkano and L.A. Leturiondo, Measurement of Voltage Flicker: Application to Grid-connected Wind Turbines, University of the Basque, Spain
Wind-grid integration brief, Technical Report, Caribbean Renewable Energy Development Program, 2005. Available at:, 2012, [access10.07.12].
Rosas, P, Dynamic Influences of Wind Power on the Power System, PhD Thesis, Orsted Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Denmark, March, 2003.
Integrating Wind Power into the Electric Grid, Technical Report, National Conference of State Legislatures, Available at: http://www.nationalwind. org/assets/publications/WINDFORMATTED5.pdfS, 2012, [access15.06.12].
Thiringer T, Petru T, Stefan L. Flicker contribution from wind turbine installations. IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion 2004; 19: 157–63.
IEC 61000-3-7, Assessment of emission limits for the connection of luctuating load installation to MV, HV and EHV power systems, 2008.
Linh, NT, Power Quality Investigation of Grid Connected Wind Turbines. In: Proceedings of the 4th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications, 2009.
Arrillaga and W. Neville," Power System Harmonics", ISBN: 0470851295,West Sussex: Wiley & Sons, 2003.
‘Analysis of high frequency harmonics injected by wind turbines in a local grid’ Master´s Thesis in the Master Degree Programme, Electric Power Engineering, Jacob Eriksson, Department of Energy and Environment Division of Electrical Engineering CHALMERS UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY Göteborg, Sweden, 2012
Mohan, Undeland, Robbins: POWER ELECTRONICS, CONVERTERS, APPLICATIONS AND DESIGNS Third edition 2003 John Wiley & son Inc
Reactive Power Performance Requirements for Wind and Solar Plants, A. Ellis, Senior Member, IEEE, R. Nelson, Member, IEEE, E. Von Engeln, R. Walling, Fellow, IEEE, J. MacDowell, Member, IEEE, L. Casey, Member, IEEE, E. Seymour, Senior Member, IEEE, W. Peter, Member, IEEE, C. Barker, Member, IEEE, B. Kirby, Senior Member, IEEE, J. R. Williams, Member, IEEE
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186