Comparative Evaluation of Biodiesel Produced by the Improved Biodiesel Plant with a Centrifuge for Ester-Glycerol Separation and a Single Washing and Drying Unit
International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy
Volume 5, Issue 1, January 2016, Pages: 8-12
Received: Feb. 2, 2016; Accepted: Feb. 17, 2016; Published: Mar. 1, 2016
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Author
Nwogu Chukwunonso, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike, Umuahia, Nigeria
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Abstract
This paper assessed the quality of biodiesel produced by the improved biodiesel plant. This was achieved by determining some physical properties of the biodiesel produced. The properties tested include: kinematic viscosity, specific gravity, flash point, fire point, cloud point and pour point, with their respective values determined as 5.260, 0.880, 124°C, 128°C, 4.5°C and -2°C. Comparison with ASTM D-6751, EN 14214 and Australian standards for biodiesel showed that the values obtained fall within acceptable limits. Furthermore, B5, B10, B20 and B30 blends of the biodiesel were prepared using direct blending method. The physical properties of the respective blends were also determined and the results showed that blending the biodiesel with petroleum based diesel improved its quality.
Keywords
Improved Biodiesel Plant, Physical Properties, Blends
To cite this article
Nwogu Chukwunonso, Comparative Evaluation of Biodiesel Produced by the Improved Biodiesel Plant with a Centrifuge for Ester-Glycerol Separation and a Single Washing and Drying Unit, International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2016, pp. 8-12. doi: 10.11648/j.ijrse.20160501.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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