Sustainable Environmental Conservation in East Africa through Agroforestry Systems: A Case of the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania
International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy
Volume 6, Issue 4, July 2017, Pages: 49-56
Received: Jun. 17, 2017; Accepted: Jun. 30, 2017; Published: Jul. 26, 2017
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Authors
Msafiri Yusuph Mkonda, Centre of Excellence for Soil Biology, College of Resources and Environment, Southwest University, Chongqing, China; Department of Physical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania
Xinhua He, Centre of Excellence for Soil Biology, College of Resources and Environment, Southwest University, Chongqing, China; School of Plant Biology, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia
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Abstract
Sustainable conservation of any ecosystem needs a balance between resource utilization and management. The Eastern Arc Mountains (EAM) of East Africa which covers a large area more particularly in Tanzania needs such kind of balance for its sustainability. With potential biophysical resources such as fluvial, vertisols and xerosols soils with the annual rainfall exceeds 1200 mm per year, may attracts more degradation than conservation. This review aims to assess the influence of agroforestry and related farming systems in the intensification of sustainable conservation in the area. Thereby, we reviewed 39 peer reviewed publications from the data base and some secondary data to attain the goal. It is discernible that agroforestry has increased crop yields for over 50% in the area. However, the ongoing degradation threatens the sustainability of the EAM. Forest degradation will offset over 100 million tons of carbon that is stored in the EAM. Besides, environmental degradation will significantly affect the water sources that feed over 3.5 million people in the downstream. Then, the supply of water for Hydro-Electric Power, environmental requirements and agricultural activities in the downstream will be adequate affected. To curb the authentic and potential degradation, the Eastern Arc Mountains Conservation Endowment Funds (EAMCEF) is operational in the area. Norway is among the great funders of EAMCEF. Therefore, for the robustness of sustainable conservation in EAM, a collective effort from various stakeholders especially donors are needed.
Keywords
Agroforestry Systems, Climate Change, Conservation, Degradation, East Africa
To cite this article
Msafiri Yusuph Mkonda, Xinhua He, Sustainable Environmental Conservation in East Africa through Agroforestry Systems: A Case of the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania, International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy. Vol. 6, No. 4, 2017, pp. 49-56. doi: 10.11648/j.ijrse.20170604.11
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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