International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy
Volume 6, Issue 4, July 2017, Pages: 57-63
Received: Jun. 5, 2017;
Accepted: Jun. 26, 2017;
Published: Jul. 31, 2017
Views 2011 Downloads 113
Abhishek Saxena, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Moradabad Institute of Technology, Moradabad, India
Mehmet Karakilcik, Department of Physics, University of Cukrova, Adana, Turkey
A solar box cooker (SBC) has been developed for the thermal performance evaluation by operating it on a low cost thermal storage. For this, a mixture of sand and granular carbon has been prepared and tested for an optimum ratio under a solar collector. After testing, the ratio of 4:6 (sand: carbon) has been observed to maintain a high temperature range with long term heat storage. This mixture has been used as thermal heat storage inside the SBC. The experimentation procedure has been conducted under climatic conditions of Moradabad, India. Results indicated that the first Figure of merit (F1) was 0.13 m2°C /W, second Figure of merit (F2) was 0.44 m2°C /W, thermal efficiency was estimated to be 37.1%, cooking power was estimated as 44.81% and overall heat loss coefficient was 3.01 W/m2°C. The system was found feasible for cooking during the off sunshine conditions.
Performance Evaluation of a Solar Cooker with Low Cost Heat Storage Material, International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy.
Vol. 6, No. 4,
2017, pp. 57-63.
Tiwari, G. N., Tiwari, A., Shyam, 2016. Handbook of solar energy. Singapore: Springer-Verlag.
Saxena, A., Varun, Patnaik, A. 2012. Performance estimation of a solar box cooker by approaching Taguchi technique. Asian Journal of Engineering & Applied Technology 1 (1):53-62.
Saxena, A., Varun, Pandey, S. P., Srivastava, G. 2011. A thermodynamic review on solar box type cookers. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 15: 3301-3318.
Kurt, H., Deniz, E., Recebli, Z. 2008. An investigation into the effects of box geometries on the thermal performance of solar cookers. International Journal of Green Energy 5 (6): 508-519
Saxena, A., Varun, Sharma, N. K. 2010. Performance study of a modified cooking vessel for solar box-type cooker. TIDEE (TERI Information Digest on Energy and Environment) 9 (3): 93-98.
Sharma, S. D., Buddhi, D., Sawhney, R. L., Sharma, A. 2000. Design, development and performance evaluation of a latent heat storage unit for evening cooking in a solar cooker. Energy Conversion and Management 41: 1497-1508.
Nahar, N. M., 2003. Performance and testing of a hot box storage solar cooker. Energy Conversion and Management 44: 1323-1331.
Buddhi, D., Sharma, S. D., Sharma, A. 2003. Thermal performance evaluation of a latent heat storage unit for late evening cooking in a solar cooker having three reflectors. Energy Conversion and Management 44: 809-817.
El-Sebaii, A. A., Al-Heniti, S., Al-Agel, F., Al-Ghamdi, A. A., Al-Marzouki, F. 2011. One thousand thermal cycles of magnesium chloride hexahydrate as a promising PCM for indoor solar cooking. Energy Conversion and Management 52: 1771-1777.
Saxena, A., Varun, Srivastava, G. 2012. A technical note on - Performance testing of a solar box cooker provided with sensible storage material on the surface of absorbing plate. International Journal of Renewable Energy and Technology 3 (2): 165-173.
Lecuona, A., Nogueira, J., Ventas, R., Rodríguez-Hidalgo, M. 2013. Solar cooker of the portable parabolic type incorporating heat storage based on PCM. Applied Energy 111: 1136-1146.
Mawire, A., Phori, A., Taole, S. 2014. Performance comparison of thermal energy storage oils for solar cookers during charging. Applied Thermal Engineering 73: 1323-1331.
Kumaresan, G., Vigneswaran, V. S., Esakkimuthu, S., Velraj, R. 2016. Performance assessment of a solar domestic cooking unit integrated with thermal energy storage system. Journal of Energy Storage 6: 70-79.
Funk, P. A., 2000. Evaluating the international standard procedure for testing solar cookers and reporting performance. Solar Energy 68 (1): 1-7.
Mullick, S. C., Kandpal, T. C., Saxena, A. 1987. Thermal test procedure for box-type solar cookers. Solar Energy 39 (4): 353-358.
Harmim, A., Boukar, M., Amar, M. 2016. Experimental Exergy Analysis and Optimum Water Load of a solar cooker. American Journal of Modern Energy 2 (6): 48-53.
John, G., Kounig-Haagen, A., Kingondu, C. K., Bruggemann, D. 2015. Galactitol as phase change material for latent heat storage of solar cookers: Investigating thermal behavior in bulk cycling. Solar Energy 119 (4): 415-421.
Yadav, V., Kumar, Y., Agrawal, H., Yadav, A. 2015. Thermal performance evaluation of solar cooker with latent and sensible heat storage unit for evening cooking. Australian Journal of Mechanical Engineering 1 (1): 1-10.
Kumaresana, G., Vigneswarana, V. S., Esakkimuthub, S., Velraj, R, 2016. Performance assessment of a solar domestic cooking unit integrated with thermal energy storage system, Journal of Energy Storage 6: 70-79.
Saxena, A., Varun, El-Sebaii, A. A., 2015. A thermodynamic review of solar air heaters. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 43: 863-890.