Effect of Preheating Temperature and Extraction Pressure on Combustion Characteristics of Cake from Whole, Kernels and Crushed Jatropha Seed
International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy
Volume 8, Issue 1, March 2019, Pages: 12-19
Received: Mar. 8, 2019;
Accepted: Apr. 17, 2019;
Published: May 23, 2019
Views 166 Downloads 20
Nsah-ko Tchoumboué, Department of Agricultural Engineering, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Tangka Julius Kewir, Department of Agricultural Engineering, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Kana Raphael, Department of Animal Production, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Meutchieye Felix, Department of Animal Production, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Mahop Jean Marin, Department of Agricultural Engineering, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Tedongmo Gouana Jospin, Department of Agricultural Engineering, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
The Low heating value, reaction time, burning temperature and gas emission of jatropha seed cake respectively from whole, kernel and crushed seeds preheated at 25°, 50°, 75° and 100°C temperature and under 8400, 15000 and 19500 pounds pressure levels were assessed. At this effect, the combustion process consisted in introducing 20 g of each cake sample type into a one liter volume burning chamber and 130 g of water also into one liter water compartment of a designed combustion unit. The main results were as follow. The highest lower Heating value (21,51±93,64 MJ/kg) was obtained with the cake from crushed seeds preheated at 100°C and under of 15000 pounds pressure. The highest reaction time (1072,66±153,44 seconds) was registered with cake from kernel seeds also preheated at 100°C but with 19500 pounds pressure. The highest burning temperature was recorded from the whole jatropha seed cake. The highest carbon monoxide level ( ) was recorded during crushed and whole seeds cake combustion while the carbon dioxide level was the highest with the kernel seed cake.
Tangka Julius Kewir,
Mahop Jean Marin,
Tedongmo Gouana Jospin,
Effect of Preheating Temperature and Extraction Pressure on Combustion Characteristics of Cake from Whole, Kernels and Crushed Jatropha Seed, International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy.
Vol. 8, No. 1,
2019, pp. 12-19.
Francis G., Edinger R., Becker K. (2005): A concept for simultaneous wasteland reclamation, fuel production and socioeconomic development, India case. Natural Resources Forum, 29: 12-24.
Kumar A., Sharma S. (2008): an evaluation of multipurpose oil seed crop for industrial uses Jatropha curcas oil seeds L.: a review. Indian Crops Production, 28: 1-10
Muller, M., Hornickova, S., Hrabe, P., Marik, J., 2015. Analysis of physical, mechanical and chemical properties of seeds and kernels of Jatropha curcas. Res. Agr. Eng. Vol 61, n°3, 99-105.
Petru M., Novak O., Herak D., Simanjuntak S. (2012): Finite element method model of the mechanical behaviour of Jatropha curcas under compression loading. Biosystems Engineering, 111: 412-421.
Herak D., Kabutey A., Hrabe P. (2013): Oil point determination of Jatropha curcas L. bulk seeds under compression loading. Biosystems Engineering, 116 (4):470- 477.
Tambunan, A. H., Situmorang, J.P., Silip, J. J., Joelianingsih, A., Araki, T., 2012. Yield and physicochemical properties of mechanically extracted crude Jatropha curcas L oil. Biomass and Bioenergy, 43, 12-17.
Navarro-pinda, F., Baz-Rodriguez, S., Handler, R., Sacramento-Rivero, C., 2015. Advances on the processing of Jatropha curcas towards a whole biorefinery. Renewable and sustainable energy reviews, vol 54, 247-269p.
Tumuluru JS., Wright C. T., Hess JR., Kenney KL. (2011): A review of biomass densification systems to develop uniform feestock commodities for bioenergy application. Biofuels bioreproduction Biorefining, 5: 683-707.
Sricharoenchaikul v., Puavilai D., Thassanaprichayanont s., Atong D. (2011): Investigation on thermochemical conversion of pelletized Jatropha residue and glycerol waste using single particle reactivity technique. Chemical Engineering Journal, 176-177: 217-24.
Pambudi N. A., Shuichi T., Saptoadi H., Sumbodo W., Syamsiro M., Surono U. B. (2010): Experimental study on combustion of biobriquettes Jatropha curcas solids waste.J. Environ. Eng. Manage., 20 (2), 133-136.
Cardozo, E., Erlich, C., Alejo, L., Fransson, H. T., 2014. Combustion of agricultural residues: an experimental study. Fuel, 115, 778-787.
AOAC. (1994): Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Association of Official Analytical Chemist. 14th Ed, Arlington, VA.
Ryu C., Yang Y. B., Khor A., Yates N. E., Sharifi V. N., Swithenbank J. (2005): Effect of fuel properties on biomass combustion: Part 1, Experiments-fuel type, equivalence ratio and particle. Fuel, 85: 1039-1046.
Ruzbarsky J., Muller M., Hrabe P. (2014): Analysis of physical and mechanical properties and gross calorific value of Jatropha curcas seeds and waste from pressing process. Agronomy Research, vol 12, N° 2: 603-604.
Gottipati R., Mishra S. (2011): A kinetic study on pyrolysis and combustion of oil cakes: Effect of cellulose and lignin content. Journal of Fuel Chemistry and Technology, vol 39, n°4: 265-270.
Erich C., Fransson T. H. (2010): Downdraft gasification of pellets made of wood, palm-oil residues respective bagasse: Experimental study. Applied Energy Journal, 88: 899-908.
Johansson, L. S., Tullin, C., Leckner, B., Sjovall, P., 2003. Particle emissions from biomass combustion in small combustors. Biomass and Bioenergy, 25, 435-446.
Razuan, R., Chen, Q., Zhang, X., Sharifi, V., Swithenbank, J., 2010. Pyrolysis and combustion of oil palm stone and palm kernel cake. Bioresource Technology, 101, 4622-4629.
Nussbaumer T. (2003): Combustion and co-combustion of biomass: Fundamentals, technologies, and primary measures for emission reduction. Energy and Fuels, 17: 510-1521.
Achten W. M. J., Mathijs E., Verchot L., Singh V. P., Aerts R., Muys B. (2007): Jatropha Biodiesel fueling sustainability Biofuels. Journal of Bioproduction and Biorefining, 1: 283-291.