Intravascular Mechanical Thrombectomy for a Patient with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Acute Cerebral Infarction with Antiphospholipid Syndrome
International Journal of Psychological and Brain Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 1, February 2020, Pages: 21-27
Received: Jan. 19, 2020; Accepted: Feb. 13, 2020; Published: Feb. 20, 2020
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Authors
Jiaxia Li, Department of Neurology, Hefei Second People’s Hospital, Hefei, China
Shugang Cao, Department of Neurology, Hefei Second People’s Hospital, Hefei, China
Wei Hu, Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China
Yuyou Zhu, Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China
Mingwu Xia, Department of Neurology, Hefei Second People’s Hospital, Hefei, China
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Abstract
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a diffuse connective tissue disease that is characterized by autoimmune-mediated inflammation. Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a non-inflammatory autoimmune disease. A 55-year-old female patient was admitted to the hospital due to ‘sudden speech insufficiency and aggravation of 5 h’. The patient developed sudden dizziness, facial numbness, and slurred speech and was transported to the emergency department in a local hospital, and was diagnosed ‘cerebral infarction’ after a CT examination. According to the medical records, the patient developed SLE at the age of 25. CT showed low density lesions of the left pons and occipital lobe; emergent MRI showed bilateral infarction in the cerebellum and brainstem, and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) showed upper basilar artery occlusion. Ischemic stroke was diagnosed and NIHSS scored 30. The occluded artery was successfully recanalized with endovascular mechanical thrombectomy. Modified thrombolysis in cerebral infarction (mTICI) blood flow perfusion grade was grade 3. The case is the first one in the literature that acute ischemic stroke related to SLE vasculitis and antiphospholipid syndrome was treated successfully with endovascular mechanical thrombectomy.
Keywords
Thrombolysis, Stroke, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Vasculitis
To cite this article
Jiaxia Li, Shugang Cao, Wei Hu, Yuyou Zhu, Mingwu Xia, Intravascular Mechanical Thrombectomy for a Patient with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Acute Cerebral Infarction with Antiphospholipid Syndrome, International Journal of Psychological and Brain Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2020, pp. 21-27. doi: 10.11648/j.ijpbs.20200501.13
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Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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