PITA 2011 and Voluntary Tax Compliance: Towards Achieving Sustainable Revenue Generation in Kaduna State Nigeria
Journal of Finance and Accounting
Volume 6, Issue 6, November 2018, Pages: 150-161
Received: Nov. 1, 2018; Accepted: Dec. 3, 2018; Published: Jan. 2, 2019
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Nyor Terzungwe, Department of Accounting and Management, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria
Jonathan Agnes Jummai, Department of Accounting and Management, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria
Mustapha Lateef Olumide, Department of Accounting and Management, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria
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Sustainable governance entails using the compulsory contribution paid to government by her citizens to support law and order, provide security and social amenities for the benefit of present and future generations. Nigeria's Personal Income Tax Act (PITA) 2011 was amended to provide for sustainable tax policies and administration that would secure voluntary tax compliance and guarantee sustainable revenue generation. The amendment introduced a more equitable tax system by providing realistic tax rates, and recommending an efficient and effective tax administrative system, and simpler tax laws. This study examines the determinants of voluntary tax compliance in Kaduna state Nigeria taking self-assessment, income tax rates, and penalties as provided by PITA 2011, with a view to ascertain whether the Act has significantly affected voluntary tax compliance in the State. The population of study is 4925 registered self-employed individuals who are subjected to Direct Assessment system in Kaduna State, Nigeria. A sample 370 respondents was arrived at using the Yaro Yamani formula. Descriptive statistics and multiple regression technique were used to analyze the data. The study reveals that the amended provisions of PITA 2011 on Self-assessment, Income tax rates and Penalty are capable of enhancing voluntary tax compliance but poor knowledge of the tax laws, unstable economy and administrative bottlenecks have affected the potency of the Act. The study therefore recommends among others that the Kaduna state Government employ measures to boost compliance, such as educating tax payers by summarizing the provisions of PITA 2011 in some widely spoken languages and communicating same.
Sustainability, Governance, Voluntary, Tax, Compliance and Direct Assessment
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Nyor Terzungwe, Jonathan Agnes Jummai, Mustapha Lateef Olumide, PITA 2011 and Voluntary Tax Compliance: Towards Achieving Sustainable Revenue Generation in Kaduna State Nigeria, Journal of Finance and Accounting. Vol. 6, No. 6, 2018, pp. 150-161. doi: 10.11648/j.jfa.20180606.13
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